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Overload principle c. Enhanced activity d. Resting heart rate 3. All are benefits of exercise except: a. Prevents or delays the onset of chronic diseases b. Releases chemical endorphine c. Increases depression and anxiety d. Improves mood, selfesteem, vigor 4. Which is a common symptom for overtraining syndrome? a. Fatigue b. Increased heart rate c. Increased metabolic rate d. Decreased selfesteem 5. All are true about aerobic metabolism except: a. Uses carbohydrates, protein, and fat b. Occurs in the mitochondria c. Occurs in the cytosol d. More efficient; produces more ATP per glucose 6. Fat should be what percent of your calories? a. 610% b. 2035% c. 1545% d. 90100% 7. All are heat related illnesses except: a. Heat cramps b. Heat exhaustion c. Heat sweats d. Heat stroke 8. Substances, appliances, or procedures that improve athletic performance are ergogenic aids. a. True b. False 9. Caffeine enhances fatty acids release to use as a fuel source so less glycogen is used and fatigue onset is delayed. a. True b. False 10. What is produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production? a. Erythropoietin b. Anabolic steroids c. Creatine d. Caffeine 11. What is the illness that is caused by consumption of contaminated food? a. Foodborne illness b. Lethargy c. Anorexia d. Bulimia 12. All are roles of the government with our food except: a. Set standards and establish regulations b. Taste the food to make sure it is good c. Inspect food processing and storage facilities d. Monitor domestic and imported foods 13. All are roles of the manufacturers of our food except: a. Establish and implement a hazard analysis critical control point b. Monitor critical control points c. Fire companies for having rotten food d. Analyze food production, processing, and transport 14. What is caused by pathogens that multiply in the human body? a. Foodborne illness b. Foodborne intoxication c. Foodborne infection d. Bacteria 15.Bacteria are present in: a. Soil b. Skin c. Most surfaces in homes d. Food we eat e. All the answers are correct 16. What foodborne infection is mostly in poultry and eggs? a. Salmonella b. Escherichia coli c. Campylobacter jejuni d. Vibrio bacteria 17. Most bacteria in food are harmless, some beneficial, and a few pathogenic. a. True b. False 18. Listeria monocytogenes can grow in hot temperatures. a. True b. False 19. What bacterial foodborne infection grows in warm seawater? a. Listeria monocytogenes b. Salmonella c. Vibrio bacteria d. Campylobacter jejuni 20. All are true of viruses except: a. Human viruses reproduce only inside human cells b. Viruses turn human cells into virusproducing factories c. Viruses that cause human diseases cannot grow and reproduce in foods d. All are correct answers 21. What is the group of viruses called that cause the stomach flu? a. Noroviruses b. Bacteria c. Mold d. Fungus 22. What is a way to prevent parasites? a. Eating raw food b. Freezing food c. Consuming raw fish d. Thoroughly cooking food 23. Crosscontamination occurs when uncooked foods contact cooked or raw foods. a. True b. False 24. Bioaccumulation is the process by which compounds accumulate in an organism slower than they can be broken down or excreted. a. True b. False 25. What is called the recurrent involuntary lack of food that over time may lead to malnutrition? a. Starvation b. Hunger c. Bacteria d. Infections 26. The impact of undernutrition increases in lowbirth weight babies. a. True b. False 27. The number of over nourished people exceeds the number of undernourished people. a. True b. False28. What is called the widespread lack of food access resulting from a disaster? a. Famine b. Chronic shortages c. Hunger d. Poverty 29. All are causes of hunger around the world except: a. Poverty b. Overpopulation c. Underpopulation d. Cultural practices 30. Pregnant and lactating women and small children have a high nutrient need. a. True b. False Answer Key: 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. C 8. A 9. A 10.A 11.A 12.B 13.C 14.C 15.E 16.A 17.A 18.B 19.C 20.D 21.A 22.D 23.A 24.B 25.B 26.A27.A 28.A 29.C 30.A