Psychology 1101 GSU Final Exam Outline The SRRS is a stress rating scale used to predict the susceptibility to stress related illnesses. Social support is a major factor of coping with stress. A negative emotional state in response to events that we perceive as taxing is stress. GAS is a model for the body’s reaction to stress. The stages of GAS are: ∙ Alarm ∙ Resistance ∙ Exhaustion An example of Type A individual is a highly ambitious time conscious secretary. Problem-focused coping is primarily aimed at directly changing or managing a threatening or harmful stressor. Adler is a NeoFreudian theorist that emphasized that personality development is strongly influenced by feeling of inferiority. Cognitive psychotherapy is based upon the assumption that psychological problems are essentially caused by faulty or maladaptive. Interpretation of these types of test relies on the comparison of an individual’s scores with ‘test norms’ objective tests (self report) Karen Horney was one of the first female therapists and was a “NeoFreudian” Mary is socially withdrawn and she fears and distrust many people, this behavior is MOST likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of a psychological disorder if it is: a longstanding pattern of behavior and rationally unjustified. Looking at ambitious pictures and making up ideas about them: TAT The basic assumption of behavior theory is: adaptive and maladaptive behaviors are learned.The MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) is: used to help asses psychiatric problems. Problems that emphasis therapists can most effectively helped their client by offering acceptance, genuineness, and empathy: psychoanalytic The founder of psychoanalysis was: Sigmund Freud. According to Freud, the personality system that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the: superego. According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the: id. The correct list of Freud's psychosexual stages is: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage.: phallic Mr. Hendriks, a high school teacher, washes the chalkboard and realigns student desks in precise rows before every class. According to the psychoanalytic perspective, Mr. Hendriks is most likely fixated at the ________ stage.: anal Characteristic patterns of behavior and motivation are called: traits. Being calm and relaxed is most likely associated with which of the Big Five personality dimensions?: neuroticism A test that yields consistent results is: reliable. Mindy is very soft-hearted. She is known for crying at sappy television commercials and bringing home stray pets to care for. Mindy would most likely score highly on which of the Big Five personality dimensions?: agreeableness In classical conditioning, an automatic response to a stimulus that occurs without learning is called the: unconditioned response. Simon walked outside on a cold, windy day. The wind made his eyes blink. The wind is a: stimulus.While playing in the yard, little Amanda was stung by a bee. The sting made her cry. The sting was a: stimulus. Stan touched the hot burner on the stove. It burned him and he cried out. The next day when he just saw the red burner, he cried out. The sight of the hot burner is: a conditioned stimulus. Stan touched the hot burner on the stove. It burned him and he cried out. The next day when he just saw the red burner, he cried out. Crying out when he saw the hot burner is: a conditioned response. Stan touched the hot burner on the stove. It burned him and he cried out. Crying out when he was burned was: an unconditioned response. When Pavlov began his research with dogs, he was interested in: digestion. In Pavlov's demonstration of classical conditioning, what was the UCS?: meat powder Generalization occurs when: an organism produces the same response to similar stimuli. If a tuning fork, a bell, and a buzzer all produce a salivation response in a dog, we can say that _______ has taken place.: generalization The type of learning in which the frequency of a behavior depends on the consequence that follows that behavior is: operant conditioning. Punishment is defined as: any consequence that decreases the likelihood a behavior will be repeated. Which schedule of reinforcement produces a moderate, steady response rate?: variable interval Which type of reinforcement schedules requires the learner to wait a period of time after a correct response for reinforcement?: interval schedules Little Lilly put her hand on the hot stove and got burned. The ________ of that behavior ________ the chances of her touching the stove again.: consequences; decreaseAngelina watched her favorite movie star advertise a shampoo on TV. According to Bandura, Angelina will: probably buy the endorsed shampoo. Operant conditioning is: a type of learning in which the frequency of responding depends on consequences. Learning by imitating others' behaviors is called ________ learning. The researcher best known for studying this type of learning is ________.: observational; Bandura Negative and destructive behaviors are called: antisocial. By the time they graduate from high school 90% of American teenagers have spent more time watching television than: they have spent in school. The average U.S. elementary school student has witnessed about ________ violent acts on television.: 100,000 An example of an antisocial behavior is: school leadership vandalizing the school. An example of a prosocial behavior is: friends collecting food for a food bank. Shaping involves: positively reinforcing behaviors that move closer and closer to a target behavior. Which of the following is another term for observational learning?: vicarious learning Why is punishment used so often?: Since it leads to temporary suppression of behavior, it is reinforced. The Bobo doll experiments in which children saw an adult hit a Bobo doll and then imitated the violence demonstrated the existence of what type of learning?: observational learning Extinction is: the loss of a learned response when there is no longer a consequence. If every correct response is reinforced, ________ is being used. continuous reinforcementStan touched the hot burner on the stove. It burned him and he cried out. The burn is: an unconditioned stimulus. Schedule of Reinforcement
The Bobo doll experiments in which children saw an adult hit a Bobo doll and then imitated the violence demonstrated the existence of what type of learning?
Why is punishment used so often?
In Pavlov's demonstration of classical conditioning, what was the UCS?
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