Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UA - PSYCH 101 - Study Guide - Final

Created by: Hannah Tomlinson Elite Notetaker

UA - PSYCH 101 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: PY 101 Test 4 Study Guide
Description: Development Disabilities Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders Treatment
Uploaded: 12/02/2016
0 5 3 55 Reviews
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 9 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Psychology Test 4 Study Guide Abnormal Unit Developmental Disabilities Developmental Disabilities: a diverse group of chronic conditions that 
cause individuals difficult in certain areas of life across the lifespan
About twice as common in males than females Examples include: autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, down 
syndrome, intellectual disabilities
Some Common Issues Commonly associated with health and intellectual deficits Social and educational access is often restricted Vulnerable populations Autism Spectrum        1 in 68 children Some common deficits include: -Executive functioning
-Communication
-Obsessive interests
Does not always indicate intellectual disability Cerebral Palsy Movement disorder that is related to abnormal development of brain 
areas associated with movement
-Most common childhood movement disorder Often associated with poor coordination, weak or stiff muscles, vision 
or hearing difficulties
Possible causes: -Premature birth
-Infection during pregnancy
-Head trauma early in life
-A small number of cases are inherited
Down Syndrome Most common neurodevelopment disorder -Occurs in about 1 in 800 live births
-Most common cause is trisomy 21
Physical characteristics and personality Characterized by general and specific brain abnormalities -Smaller brain size overall
-Specific deficits in the hippocampal region and prefrontal cortex 
(among others) Intellectual Disability Formerly called Mental Retardation About 2-3% of population (cause unknown in about 30% of cases)
background image Significant Limitations in Intelligence  Significant limitations in adaptive behavior, or skill that have been 
learned and that people do daily
-Conceptual, social, practical skills Intellectual Disability and the Law Characteristics of individuals with ID -Slow to learn/process information
-Difficulty understanding abstract concepts
-Cognitive rigidity
-Rely on social cues from others
-Suggestible
-Tendency to please others
Prevalence of individuals with ID in CJS range from .6-39.6% Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorder: a psychological disorder characterized by excessive 
fear and anxiety in the absence of true danger
-Unwanted thoughts/rumination
-Sweating
-Dry mouth
-Rapid pulse
-Shallow breathing
-Increased blood pressure
-Increased muscular tension
Everyone gets anxiety It is characterized as a disorder when it is inappropriate, severe, and 
frequent
About 17% of individuals will be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder Rates are higher in women Types of anxiety -Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
-Panic Disorder
-Phobias
-Social Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): a diffuse state of constant anxiety
not associated with any specific object or event
-Excessive anxiety about various things for at least 6 months
-Difficult to control
-Associated with 3 or more of the following:
Restless/on edge Difficult concentrating Irritability Sleep disturbance Muscle tension -6-9% of people in US and others
background image Panic disorder: an anxiety disorder that consists of sudden, 
overwhelming attacks of terror (called panic attacks)
-Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks
-Panic attack: abrupt surge of fear/discomfort that lasts a couple 
minutes
-Four or more:
Sweating, trembling, heart racing, shortness of breath, 
chest pain, dizziness, light-headedness, numbing in hands 
and feet, migraines
-Affects 3% of population; women are twice as likely to be 
diagnosed
Phobias: a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no 
real danger
-Specific phobias affect about one in eight people and involve 
particular objects and situations
Social Anxiety Disorder: marked fear or anxiety about one or more 
social situations in which the individual is exposed to possible negative
evaluation by others
-Fear they will show anxiety
-Social situations almost always provoke anxiety
-Avoidance of situation
-Fear/anxiety are out of proportion to the actual threat posted
-Persistent, typically 6 months or longer
-About 12.1% of people experience it throughout their lifetime
-Causes clinically significant distress
-Common causes of social anxiety:
Public speaking Speaking up in class Meeting new people Eating in front of others Mood Disorders Two types: depressive and bipolar Depressive disorders feature persistent and persuasive feelings of sadness Major Depression -2 or more weeks
-5 or more symptoms
Negative moods, most of the day, nearly everyday Feelings of worthlessness Lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities Weight loss/gain at least 5 pounds Insomnia  Psychomotor agitation/retardation (faster or slower 
movements)
Fatigue/loss of energy

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa who use StudySoup to get ahead
9 Pages 54 Views 43 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: PY 101 Test 4 Study Guide
Description: Development Disabilities Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders Treatment
Uploaded: 12/02/2016
9 Pages 54 Views 43 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UA - PY 101 - Study Guide - Final
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UA - PY 101 - Study Guide - Final

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here