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UT / Architecture / ARC 318 / hassan fathy ppt

hassan fathy ppt

hassan fathy ppt

Description

School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: Architecture
Course: World Architecture: Industrial Revolution to Present
Professor: Richard cleary
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: World History, Architecture of Continents, and Architecture
Cost: 50
Name: World Architecture: Industrial Revolution to Present Final Exam Study Guid
Description: This study guide gives basic outlines for each essay question and also contains flash cards of the slide IDs.
Uploaded: 12/03/2016
20 Pages 10 Views 13 Unlocks
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World Architecture: Industrial Revolution to Modernity FINAL Study Guide


The Museum of Modern Art modern architecture exhibition of 1932 proclaimed the appearance of what?



1. During the first decades of the 20th century, groups of architects and artists  published manifestos, organized exhibitions, and held meetings proclaiming  themselves the avant-garde of modernity. Select two examples of the groups we  have studied and explain the formal, social, and, if applicable, political dimensions  of their manifestos. Be specific as you link the texts and works to social contexts.  

- Futurists

- Constructivists

- De Stijl

o Look at essay on De Stijl

o Different way of thinking about rooms

- Werkbund

- Find a building for each!

2. Throughout much of the 20th century (and into the present century),  architectural theorists and practitioners variously found inspiration in nature  (natural surroundings, biological growth/change) and technology (machines and  processes). Discuss how individual architects or groups engaged with these two  categories in their work and writings. Please use at least one example for the  discussion of each category.


how the advent of automobiles transformed the ways people thought about buildings, cities, and landscapes in the 20th century?



We also discuss several other topics like What are the general characteristics of the Magnoliophyta?

- Frank Lloyd Wright

- Gaudi

o Art Nouveau

- Le Corbusier for tech

o Chandigar assembly building in India

3. The Museum of Modern Art’s modern architecture exhibition of 1932 proclaimed  the appearance of “a single new style … which exists throughout the world”  characterized by three principles. Please state them and cite a building that  exemplifies this “International Style.” The museum’s assertion does not account for  other approaches to modernism in architecture from the 1920s to the 1950s. Cite an example of such an alternative approach and compare it to your example of the  International Style.

- Architecture as volume not mass

- Look at Cannonical Modernism lecture

4. Compare the following houses with respect to (1) the organization of their  respective interiors, (2) the use of materials (both primary structural materials and  visible materials),and (3) the relationship of the house to landscape (siting,  relationship of indoor to outdoor spaces): Tugendhat House (Mies van der Rohe),  Villa Savoye (Le Corbusier), Fallingwaer (Wright), Villa Mairea (Aalto).


In what ways did Mexican and Brazilian architects address broad themes of modernism and modernity (such as political ideologies, aesthetics, technology, and global economy) during the 20th century?



If you want to learn more check out How does the big bang theory explain the origin of the universe?

- Look at Modernist Villa Lecture

- Fallingwater used different ceiling heights for different uses in each room o Took rock from the surroundings

o Also incorporates concrete (colored) into the natural quality of the  house

- Tugendhat House

- Villa Savoye

o Garden on top

- Villa Mairea

o Had a steamhouse in the back

o Nordic

5. We have examined a number of public housing projects in Europe and the United  States intended for working-class families and others unable to afford market rates.  Please select three of the following examples and discuss some of the objectives  their architects addressed: Eigen Haard development, Amsterdam, Michel de Klerk,  1917; Hoek van Holland development, J. J. P. Oud, 1924; Karl Marx Hof, Vienna, Karl  Ehn, 1927; Narkomfin housing, Moscow, Moisei Ginzburg and Ignaty Milinis, 1928;  Langston Terrace, Washington, D. C., Hilyard Robinson and Paul R. Williams, 1935;  Unité d’habitation, Marseille, Le Corbusier, 1947. If you want to learn more check out mis 3063 exam 1 ecu

- Unite d’habitation

- Housing lecture

- Marseille, D.C., Moscow

6. The École de Beaux-Arts in Paris and the Bauhaus in Germany had international  influence. Describe and compare how architecture students were taught at these  schools. What underlying assumptions about architecture and architectural training  do they represent?  

- Beaux-Arts

o Classical training; students would take classes and participate in  design contests

- Bauhaus  

o More of a technical school; trained in using new materials

- Find a building example for each (anything before 1900s for Beaux-Arts)

7. Compare 20th-century approaches to expression of religious architecture in the  mosque of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Park Synagogue by Eric  Mendelsohn, and Notre-Dame du Haut by Le Corbusier. At each religious building,  how did the architect negotiate tradition and modernity?

- Turkish

o Connected to the Turkish legislature since most members were Muslim  but wanted to make it look like a secular gov’t

o Mosques have more structural requirements

- Synagogue

o Dome screams synagogue

- Catholic

o Need a room, occupy a space

o Could make wild religious forms

8. Discuss how the advent of automobiles transformed the ways people thought  about buildings, cities, and landscapes in the 20th century. Support your points with examples.

- Consider parking

- South American mall

- Wright parking visitation place

- Suburbs could radiate outwards

- Metropolises

- Automobile lecture

9. In the excerpts you read of Le Corbusier’s Towards a New Architecture and Robert Venturi’s Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, the two authors challenge  prevailing conventions of their respective times for losing sight of important  architectural values and call on architects to adopt new attitudes. What problems  does each identify? Are they the same? What about their proposed solutions?  Consider similarities of approach as well as differences. Don't forget about the age old question of organic chemistry 1 exam 1

- Le Corbusier

o Criticized the decorativeness and eclecticism of current architecture o Argued for architecture that was functional and practical; architecture  should operate like a machine

- Venturi

o Criticized modern architects for being exclusive and not  Don't forget about the age old question of stat 20 notes

accommodating

 Stuck to simple and redundant forms

o Wanted architects to embrace the complexity possible within  architecture

- Look at these essays in the reader

o Or, you know, google summaries

10. In what ways did Mexican and Brazilian architects address broad themes of  modernism and modernity (such as political ideologies, aesthetics, technology, and  global economy) during the 20th century?  If you want to learn more check out bsc 2011 exam 3 usf

- Look at the Brazil and Mexico ppt (Week 13)

11. Please discuss the issue of national identity and architecture with respect to two of the following: (1) post-colonial nations on the Indian subcontinent or (2) post colonial nations in sub-Saharan Africa, (3) post-imperial China, or (4) the  reconstruction of Japan following World War II.

- Depending on which of these you want to do, there are ppt/lectures on each

Slide ID List

- Brussels: Tassel House (interior staircase), Victor Horta, 1893 - Buffalo, NY: Guaranty Trust Building, Adler & Sullivan, 1894

- Vienna: “Majolica House,” Otto Wagner, 1898

- Vienna: Secession Building, Joseph Olbrich, 1898

- Brussels: Stoclet Palace, Josef Hoffman, 1905

- Barcelona: Casa Mila, Antoni Gaudi, 1905

- Berlin: AEG Turbine Factory, Peter Behrens, 1909

- Vienna: Looshaus, Adolf Loos, 1911

- Cologne (Germany): Glass Pavilion, Bruno Taut, 1914

- Antonia Sant’Elia, studies for La Citta Nuova (the New City), 1914 - Amsterdam: Eigen Haard Housing Estate, Michel de Klerk, 1917 - Nanjing (China): Gingline College for Girls (Nanjing Normal University), Henry  Murphy, 1918

- Project for the Monument to the Third International, Vladimir Tatlin, 1919 - Potsdam (Germany): Einstein Tower, Erich Mendelsohn, 1920 - Stockholm: Public Library, Gunnar Asplund, 1920

- Rotterdam (Hook of Holland): Workers’ housing, J.J.P. Oud, 1924 - Utrecth (Netherlands): Schroder House, Gerrit Rietveld, 1924 - Dessau (Germany): Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, 1925

- Moscow: Rusakov Workers’ Club, Konstantin Melnikov, 1927 - Moscow: project for the Lenin Institute, Ivan Leonidov, 1927 - Vienna: Karl Marx Hof, Karl Ehn, 1927

- Moscow: Narkomfin apartment building, Moisei Ginzburg and Ignaty Milinis,  1928

- New York, Chrysler Building, William Van Alen, 1928

- Zilna (Slovakia): New Synagogue, Peter Behrens, 1928

- Poissy (France): Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier, 1929

- Guanzhou (China): Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall, Lu Yanzhi, 1929 - Mexico City: Rivera/Kahlo house and studios, Juan O’Gorman, 1929 - Brno (Czech Republic): Tugendhat House, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 1930 - Como (Italy): Casa del Fascio, Giuseppe Terragni, 1932

- Mill Run (PA): Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright, 1935

- Washington, D.C.: Langston Terrace, Hilyard Robinson and Paul R. Williams,  1935

- Frankfurt (Germany): Frankfurt Kitchen, Margarate Schutte-Lihotzky, 1936 - Rio de Janeiro: Ministry of Education and Health Building, Lucio Costa, Oscar  Niemeyer and others with Le Corbusier, 1936

- Noormarku (Finland): Villa Mairea, Alvar Alto, 1937

- Belo Horizonte (Brazil): St. Francis of Assisi church, Oscar Niemeyer, 1943 - New Gourna (Egypt): village, Hassan Fathy, 1945

- Marseille (France): Unite d’Habitation, Le Corbusier, 1947

- Wichita, Kansas: Dymaxion House, R. Buckminster Fuller, 1948 - Tropical House (Maison Tropicale), Jean Prouve, 1949

- Ronchamp (France): Notre-Dame du Haut, Le Corbusier, 1950 - Ibadan (Nigeria): Kuti Hall, University of Ibadan, Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry,  1950

- Cleveland Heights, OH: Park Synagogue, Eric Mendelsohn, 1950 (?) - Chandigarh (India): master plan, Le Corbusier, 1951

- Chandigarh (India): Assembly building, 1951

- Mexico City: UNAM library, Juan O’Gorman, 1953

- Brasilia: master plan, Lucio Costa, 1956

- Brasilia: National Congress building, Oscar Niemeyer, 1960 - Chestnut Hill, PA: Vanna Venturi House, Robert Venturi, 1962

- Dhaka (Bangladesh): National Assembly building, Louis Kahn with Muzharul  Islam, 1962

- Tokyo: Olympic Stadium, Kenzo Tange, 1964

- Fort Worth, TX: Kimbell Art Museum, Louis Kahn, 1967

- Ife-Ife (Nigeria): OAU, Assembly Hall (Oduduwa), Arieh and Eldar Sharon &  Harold Rubin, 1970

- Tokyo: Nakagin Capsule Tower, 1970

- Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou (or Beaubourg), Richard Rogers and Renzo  Piano, 1971

- Modena (Italy): San Cataldo Cemetery, Aldo Rossi, 1971

- Stuttgart (Germany): Neue Staatsgalerie, James Stirling, 1977 - Hong Kong: HongKong & Shanghai Bank Headquarters, Norman Foster  Associates, 1979

- Columbus, OH: Wexner Center, Peter Eisenman, 1983

- Ankara: Mosque of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Behruz & Can Cinici, 1985

- Paris: Institut du Monde Arabe, Jean Nouvel, 1987

- Tomamu (Japan): Church on the Water, Tadao Ando, 1988

- Beijing: national Grand Theatre of China, Paul Andreu, 1999

- Dresden (Germany): New Synagogue, Rena Wandel-Hoefer & Wolfgang Lorch, 2001

- Sendai (Japan): mediatheque, Toyo Ito, architect; Mutsuro Sasaki, structural  engineer, 2001

- Ningbo (China): Ningbo History Museum, Wang Shu, 2003

- Doha (Qatar): Qatar National Museum, Jean Nouvel, 2016

Flash Cards

Brussels: Tassel House, Horta, 1900

Buffalo, NY: Guaranty Trust Building,  Adler & Sullivan, 1900

Vienna: “Majolica House,” Wagner,  1900

Vienna: Secession Building, Olbrich,  1900

Brussels: Stoclet Palace, Hoffman,  1900

Barcelona: Casa Mila, Gaudi, 1900

Berlin: AEG Turbine Factory,  

Behrens, 1900

Vienna: Looshaus, Loos, 1920

Cologne (Germany): Glass Pavilion,  Taut, 1920

Antonia Sant’Elia, studies for La  Citta Nuova (the New City), 1920

Amsterdam: Eigen Haard Housing  Estate, Klerk, 1920

Nanjing (China): Gingline College for Girls (Nanjing Normal University),  Murphy, 1920

Project for the Monument to the  Third International, Tatlin, 1920

Potsdam (Germany): Einstein Tower,  Mendelsohn, 1920

Stockholm: Public Library, Asplund,  1920

Rotterdam (Hook of Holland):  Workers’ housing, Oud, 1920

Utrecth (Netherlands): Schroder  House, Rietveld, 1920

Dessau (Germany): Bauhaus,  Gropius, 1920

Moscow: Rusakov Workers’ Club,  Melnikov, 1920

Moscow: project for the Lenin  Institute, Leonidov, 1920

Vienna: Karl Marx Hof, Ehn, 1920

Moscow: Narkomfin apartment  building, Ginzburg and Milinis, 1920

New York, Chrysler Building, Van  Alen, 1920

Zilna (Slovakia): New Synagogue,  Behrens, 1920

Poissy (France): Villa Savoye, Le  Corbusier, 1920

Guanzhou (China): Sun Yat-Sen  Memorial Hall, Yanzhi, 1920

Mexico City: Rivera/Kahlo house and  studios, O’Gorman, 1920

Brno (Czech Republic): Tugendhat  House, Mies van der Rohe, 1930

Como (Italy): Casa del Fascio,  Terragni, 1940

Mill Run (PA): Fallingwater, Wright,  1940

Washington, D.C.: Langston Terrace,  Robinson and Williams, 1940

Frankfurt (Germany): Frankfurt  Kitchen, Schutte-Lihotzky, 1940

Rio de Janeiro: Ministry of Education  and Health Building, Costa,  

Niemeyer and others with Le  Corbusier, 1940

Noormarku (Finland): Villa Mairea,  Alto, 1940

Belo Horizonte (Brazil): St. Francis of Assisi church, Niemeyer, 1940

New Gourna (Egypt): village, Fathy,  1940

Marseille (France): Unite  

d’Habitation, Le Corbusier, 1940

Wichita, Kansas: Dymaxion House,  Fuller, 1940

Tropical House (Maison Tropicale),  Prouve, 1940

Ronchamp (France): Notre-Dame du  Haut, Le Corbusier, 1950

Ibadan (Nigeria): Kuti Hall,  

University of Ibadan, Drew and Fry,  1950

Cleveland Heights, OH: Park  

Synagogue, Mendelsohn, 1950 (?)

Chandigarh (India): master plan, Le  Corbusier, 1960

Chandigarh (India): Assembly  building, Le Corbusier, 1960

Mexico City: UNAM library,  

O’Gorman, 1960

Brasilia: master plan, Costa, 1960

Brasilia: National Congress building,  Niemeyer, 1960

Chestnut Hill, PA: Vanna Venturi  House, Venturi, 1960

Dhaka (Bangladesh): National  Assembly building, Kahn with Islam,  1960

Tokyo: Olympic Stadium, Tange,  1960

Fort Worth, TX: Kimbell Art Museum, Kahn, 1960

Ife-Ife (Nigeria): OAU, Assembly Hall  (Oduduwa), Sharon & Rubin, 1970

Tokyo: Nakagin Capsule Tower,  Kurokawa 1970

Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou (or  Beaubourg), Rogers and Piano, 1980

Modena (Italy): San Cataldo  

Cemetery, Rossi, 1980

Stuttgart (Germany): Neue  

Staatsgalerie, Stirling, 1980

Hong Kong: HongKong & Shanghai  Bank Headquarters, Foster  

Associates, 1980

Columbus, OH: Wexner Center,  Eisenman, 1980

Ankara: Mosque of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Behruz & Cinici,  1980

Paris: Institut du Monde Arabe,  Nouvel, 1980

Tomamu (Japan): Church on the  Water, Ando, 1980

Beijing: national Grand Theatre of  China, Paul Andreu, 2000

Dresden (Germany): New  

Synagogue, Wandel-Hoefer & Lorch,  2000

Sendai (Japan): mediatheque, Ito,  architect; Sasaki, structural  

engineer, 2000

Ningbo (China): Ningbo History  Museum, Shu, 2000

Doha (Qatar): Qatar National  Museum, Nouvel, 2016

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