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Civil Rights Movement Timeline- 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education - 1955 Emmett Till (an African-American teenager who was lynched in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman)- 1957 Little Rock (Desegregation of High School and national troops had to be called in)- 1960 Woolworth-Greensboro, NC (On Feb. 1, 1960, four students from all-black North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College walked into a Woolworth five-and-dime with the intention of ordering lunch)- 1961 Bay of Pigs (In Cuba after Castro takeover, exiles tried to invade, failure,huge embarrassment)- 1961 Freedom Riders (Students and youth come in on busses to register African Americans to vote and set up schools)- 1962 Ole Miss-Meredith - 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis (World nervous for a nuclear war until they were taken down)- 1963 University of Alabama (Protests to refuse integration but protests eventually failed)- 1963 Bull Connor (Police Dogs attacked protesters that were peaceful, garner national attention through television, national disgust)- 1964 Freedom Summer (Long hot summer, murder of three Civil Rights workers, huge story, take many years for justice to come about)- 1964 Civil Rights Act (Pushed by Johnson) - 1965 Voting Rights Act (Outlawing actions by state governments that would prevent minority voting, send federal observers to watch the voting poll and make sure nothing was going wrong)- 1965 Selma March (IMPORTANT and violent return from police, press allowed everyone to see this to raise sympathy and push politicians)- 1966 BLACK POWER (Divide of peaceful MLK and the Black Power rioters, speech then march that took place in Greenwood, MS)- 1968 Assassination of MLK in MemphisJFK Election (American Media pgs 300-302)Journalists who took a strong stand for the Civil Rights Movement- Claude Sittono New York Times o Native of Georgia who knew the south and covered most of the events of the civil rights movemento Invented journalist slim notebook that you could hide easily- Simeon Bookero Jett Magazine and more o Most prominent African American reporter, got access into black community some other reporters could not get easily o Covered murder of Emmett Till- Dan Rather
- Ira Harkeyo Gulf Coast- Hazel Branna Smith - Bill Minero Still publishing statewide columnsThe Nation under Riots- Many riots throughout the cities - Caused a lot of soul searching for politicians and journalists - Rising Latino populationo Ruben Salazar (American Media pg 304)A Latin journalist that covered stories many others did notPoverty, the forgotten community, police and the communityUltimately died while doing his work Demonstration in LA Went into a café and was killed by a police’s tear gas bullet that hit Salazar in the head, killing him instantlyo Considered a martyrGrowing Promise of Women - Pauline Frederick (American Media pgs 305-306)o In 1946, was the first and only woman in television news- Mary Heaton Vorseo 78 year old woman o A novelist, gravitated towards labor movement but also investigated the mafia o Not as objective as some others, reported facts and the truth o Investigated ILA (International Longshoremen’s Association) on the East Coast (Muckraking pgs 39-43)On the docks in New York CityMovie “On the Waterfront” is inspired by Vorse’s writings and others who exposed the corruptionInvestigated how workers lived also (was similar to the migrant workers Steinbeck wrote about)Wrote about how only those who did not criticize the system got work each dayMalcolm Mike Johnson and others also exposed itAdvertising- Rosser Reeves (American Media pgs 313-314, profile pg 316-317)o Utilized psychology to sell productsM&Ms, Colgate, Wonder Bread, Anacino Ran political campaigns, one of the first to craft short commercials where politicians could see themselves to the public
o Retired earlyQuickly became overrun by others who used the advertising with new techniques since Reeves was stuck in one techniqueEarly Advertising- William Henry Harrison vs. Martin Van Buren (American Media pg 336)o Harrison is an older man who needed to create an image for himselfgot his team to create a “log cabin image” for Harrison that made people think he was a self-made man that grew up rurallyWon the election on totally false imagePeople found that out a month after he took office when he died Vietnam War- Begin in late 1950s - Essential supplant to Civil Rights Movement as the big issue - Reporters see what objectivity is during Vietnam and the Civil Rights Movemento Skeptical of false press conferences o Reported what they saw and were called subjective and non-patriotic o Very strong conflict in Vietnam- Historyo Ho Chi MinhVietnamese and went to study in ParisTired of his country being controlled by the FrenchSaw American revolutionary heroes as heroes to himDid not have help and was declared as a communist and eventually became a communist leaderBroke from the French at the battle of Dien Bien Phu in1954General Giap led thisDiem called for a new war between the North and South of Vietnamo Domino theoryAllow it to fall to communism, it would spreadConvinced Americans to help with the war that just dragged on and ono Initial conflict between older journalists and younger journalists, newer told what they saw in the waro After draft, dominant issue of the day o 1965, Morley SaferCBS on 60 MinutesReporter in the Camn Ne village in VietnamAsked by other troops to find communists in the villageTroops came and set the village on fire3 women, 1 baby were killedThere were no communists in the village but the chief was venting and was angry
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School: University of Mississippi
Course: History of Mass Media
Professor: Joseph Atkins
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: journalism, Media, and history
Name: JOUR 301, Atkins, Week 13-15 and final study guide
Description: These notes briefly cover weeks 13 and 15 of lecture. It also serves as the study guide for test 4, the final. Good Luck!