Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

POLI 201 - Study Guide - Final

Created by: Cleopatra Shabazz Elite Notetaker

POLI 201 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of South Carolina - Columbia
Department: Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: David Darmofal
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: political science
Name: POLI201 Final Exam Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers information from Chapters 10-14 such as public opinion, political parties, electoral college, party systems, interest groups, and the media.
Uploaded: 12/04/2016
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 4 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image POLI201 Final Exam Study Guide Important Term Definition/Main Idea Political Positions Examples Chapter 10  Public  Opinion:  attitudes  or  opinions  that  citizens  have  pertaining  to  political  issues,  institutions, leaders, and events  Preferences: wants and desires that people possess based on social or moral values and  economic self-interest  Beliefs:  reflections  of  how  people  interpret  the  world  and  the  consequences  of  their  actions  Socialization: social interactions within certain communities structures the preferences  and norms of individuals  Polarization: when people have two different, opposing views that appear to be opposites  towards each other  Gender Gap: a distinct difference between the voting behavior of men and women o Women generally vote more Democratic
o Men typically vote more Republican
 Conservatives o Economic and social status quo are highly supported
o Skeptical and suspicious towards new policies that are introduced
Large, powerful government can threaten freedom
 Liberals Political and social reform
o Concerned for consumers and the environment
 Individuals  develop  political  characteristics  based  on  social  connections  and  common  values that they share with other individuals within a group  Political identities are absolute
 The goal is to help the public have a better understanding of politics
 Greater knowledge = greater voting responses
 Governments struggle to influence citizen’s beliefs due to the interference of politicians, 
interest groups, and the media o People receive the most political information through the mass media
Active Learning: seeking out news
Passive Learning:  absorbing news through entertainment
 Polls are used to measure public opinion Chapter 11  Electoral College: a body of electors who represents each state and cast votes to elect the  president and vice president Moral Hazard: citizens are unaware of the hidden actions that a candidate that take
background image Citizens must register to vote before casting a ballot  Voters are registered based on their region
 Secret ballots are used to create voter privacy
 Australian Ballot: each ballot contains the names of all the candidates for any office
Chapter 12  Political  Parties:  organized  groups  that  elect  members  to  attempt  to  influence  the  government  Collective Action: gathering resources and coordinating a group to achieve common goals
 Collective  Choice:  individuals  combine  opinions,  interests,  and/or  interests  to  reach  a 
collective decision  Problem of Ambition: party members become ambitious by gaining a desire for power  and wealth  Party Organization o Majority Party chooses the  Speaker of the House o Parties organize committee system
President = leader of political party
Congressional Party Leaders  work closely with the  President o Citizens commonly identify with a specific party  Party System: multiple parties competing for power First Party System (until 1812) Political Party Federalists Democratic-Republicans Presidents Washington, Adams Jefferson, Madison Supporters Northeasterners Southerners Interests Mercantile and Business Agrarian Second Party System (Mass Mobilization) Political Party Whigs Democrats Presidents Harrison, Tyler Jackson, Van Buren Supporters Northeast South and West Beliefs National bank, tariffs, internal  improvements Opposed national bank and  tariffs Third Party System (1860-1896) Political Party Republicans Democrats Presidents Lincoln, Grant Cleveland Supporters North and Cities South and Midwest Beliefs National Power, Commercial  Interests Opposed Tariffs, Supported  Rural Interests Fourth Party System (1896-1932)

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of South Carolina - Columbia who use StudySoup to get ahead
4 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of South Carolina - Columbia who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of South Carolina - Columbia
Department: Science
Course: American National Government
Professor: David Darmofal
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: political science
Name: POLI201 Final Exam Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers information from Chapters 10-14 such as public opinion, political parties, electoral college, party systems, interest groups, and the media.
Uploaded: 12/04/2016
4 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Recommended Documents
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to sc - POLI 201 - Study Guide - Final
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to sc - POLI 201 - Study Guide - Final

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here