Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to EMU - PSY 3604 - Class Notes - Week 11
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to EMU - PSY 3604 - Class Notes - Week 11

Already have an account? Login here
Reset your password

EMU / Psychology / PSY 3604 / psy 3697 class notes

psy 3697 class notes

psy 3697 class notes


School: Eastern Michigan University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Ketrin lengu
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Abnormal psychology
Cost: 25
Name: Thursday 12/1/16 Class notes
Description: These are the notes we took in class on Thursday 12/1/16
Uploaded: 12/06/2016
12 Pages 138 Views 0 Unlocks

• What are the basic observable processes that contribute to the behaviors or symptoms of the disorder?

- How does media portray Sz?

- What have you heard about it?

Dec.12014 11/17/2016 VAUVA S . wwwwwwwwwww 2 SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM DISORDERS Healthy High risk Schizophrenia Thursday Dec. 1st 2014e. Tals: Neuro developmental disorders & exau Review lala: Guest Speaker (extra credit) lalis: Final Exau. M URALES A . Chapter 12. Lengu 2012 w wwwwww wwwvwwwwwwww If you want to learn more check out casa uh
If you want to learn more check out almus uh
Don't forget about the age old question of casa uh hours
Don't forget about the age old question of bobby ramsey osu
We also discuss several other topics like robert insley unt
If you want to learn more check out menevis cilizoglu
SAMAD wwwwwww Saw AGENDA • Define relevant terms • Review symptoms of schizophrenia (Sz) KONVA • Discuss biological and environmental etiological factors • Videos featuring individuals with Sz L LICOLANOWwwwwwwww Talked about this Slide Only what's Learn about treatment considerations for Sz YES WE CAN Solidify your understanding through case scenarios requiring diagnosis and trectment AWWW ASON wa BARCO W WWALIBABA W DISCUSS SCHIZOPHRENIA Votudy Soup A beautiful mind. Dortraued as violent • Portrayed as people who have it can't function. - What have you heard about it? - How does media portray Sz? Soup PHILOSORAPTOR 11/17/2016 . 8000 PWC • Schizophrenia comes from the term Splitting of the mind." DEBUNK THESE MYTHS 1. Not very rare effects about % in o.s. 3 WIN WYPOXIDE 1. Schizophrenia is a very rare condition. - All Schizophrenics have the same symptoms. می نمامانم جاهلية $. If one has a schizophrenic parent. then she/he too will have this mental disorder. Schizophrenics have multiple personalities. S. - People suffering from schizophrenia are violent and aggressive. 0. People with schizophrenia cannot lead normal, productive lives. world have it. 2. . Sumotome vary from person to person, 1. 3. There's a high genetic to Not always true Component lout doesn't mean you will have it. 5.- less likely to show violence & -sumotoms differ, so not true. aggression, tend to be more reserved. SCHIZOPHRENIA (SZ) They can look very differente from person to person. www . S www . Psychosis and Schizophrenia are heterogeneous. - • Schizophrenia vs. Psychosis • Psychosis - broad term referring to loss of touch with reality Te.g., hallucinations, delusions) Schizophrenia - a type of psychosis · Sz-characteristic disturbances in thought (delusions), perception (hallucinations,) speech, emotions, and behaviors w ww. homeWoWORDPRESS wwwwwwwww WHY STUDY SZ? - life expectancy is about mid-80$._ - Schizophrenia is widespread. . It takes a tremendous toll on all those involved. - - 3x higher mortality rate for those with Sz 20% shorter life expectancy Co-morbid with many other conditions SOU • Annual cost of $z is about $60,000,000,000 per year when factors such as family caregiving, lost wages, and treatment are considered. 11/17/2016 ALL. - could also be homeless. .. .. Patient Specific Health Factors in Schizophrenia Prevalence in Prevalence in Schizophrenia General Population Smoking 75% Obesty Diabetes Mellitus (CM) . .... +RWAAROSERBOARPER 200.000XONONLIN CO CLUBULLY 33% Hepatitis C 18% Other Inactivity Poor Nutrition Substance Use Meest *Nasta sh HA, edsAfeccatiess end scozottrarne Washington X a DSM5 CHANGES • DSM-s added Severity Chart • Removed DSM-IV subtypes of schizophrenia (.e., paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual types) - . Added a dimensional assessment • Rates not only the presence of a symptom but also its severity SO • Added disorder of catatonia • A separate new psychotic disorder ord • Removed Shared Psychotic Disorder on SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM DISORDERS Going to focus ist 3. Schizophrenia - Schizophreniform disorder • Schizoaffective disorder • Delusional disorder • Brief psychotic disorder • Schizotypal personality disorder All share characteristic feature of extreme reality distortion. 11/17/2016 W POL rocowww www . ro Positive symptoms like DSM5 CRITERIA ثمهنممعحللعمل • Schizophrenia-need 2 or more of the following for the majority of 1 month period: • Delusions • Hallucinations • Negative symptoms • Disorganized speech • Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior Delusions. - Hallucination 3 Delusions are different - may have an absence of tone etc is negative symptoms • Additionally: • Social / occupational dysfunction and decline . Continuous signs of the disorder for at least 6 months SLOWLwowwwwwwwwww wwww . C W SCHIZOPHRENIA • Schizophrenia has an active phase characterized by "positive" and "negative" symptoms active phase when Someone is experiencing Positive & negative symptoms. • Positive: excesses, exaggerations in normal functioning • Negative: deficit/absence of normal functioning SCHIZOPHRENIA: + S! SYMPTOMS • + The positive symptoms Stud SOLX • Excesses, exaggerations in normal functioning • Disturbing psychotic experiences When the Yeni HY AAN? The Rolud Melun PA The Zom V. 1 San Clear Dwacer My Bad Alier Fer Dustacting me Maybel An lous Soup They're Foioning Me 11/17/2016 WONOSAR SCHIZOPHRENIA: + SYMPTOMS . + Delusions: • Disorder of thought content involving gross misrepresentation of reality; fixed false beliefs - E.g., delusions of grandeur, reference, persecution . Bizarre vs. non-bizarre tardecer disorder of - Delusion's a lowed thought content. Fealing Someone's out to get them in some way -Hallucination when you See feel, hear something that isn't there. • + Hallucinations: • A psychotic symptom of perceptual disturbances in which something is sensed (e.g., seen or heard) that is not actually there (e.g., hearing a voice when no one is talking to you). Can involve all 5 senses - Auditory is the most common, then visual - Auditory, visual, tactile, olfactory, gustatory 2.000 watched video. HALLUCINATIONS • An exercise in empathy... https://www.youtube.com/watchey=vL9UJVIaPZY NEUROBIOLOGY OF AUDITORY VERBAL HALLUCINATIONS cry prire CDR Worker r - Brocas Qrea: is responsible for Speech production, problems with prononciations, - Wernicke's drea: responsible for processing speeen oom Brocas za CO XY Nara Allen & Modinos, 2012 11/17/2016 HA WAAROOL AURORA wwwww wwwwww SCHIZOPHRENIA: (-) SYMPTOMS . - The negative symptoms • Absence or insufficiency of normal behavior Can See lack of emotion of cons early age. • Spectrum of negative symptoms Avolition (or apathy) - lack of initiation and persistence Alogia - relative absence of speech - Ranging from: mila 0 Seven Affective flattening - little expressed emotion = "blank face" Anhedonia - loss of pleasure A O w wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww www VOXER WWW. SCHIZOPHRENIA - DISORGANIZED • The disorganized symptoms • Erratic behaviors that affect speech, motor behaviors and emotional regctions They have a hard time Beranda Scerring Wheet they mean. • incongruent specon • Disorganized speech . Cognitive slippage = illogical and incoherent speech • Tangentiality-"going off on a tangent" • Disorganized affect • Inappropriate emotional behavior • Disorganized behavior • Includes a variety of unusual behaviors • Catatonia-spectrum from mild agitation to immobility • Catatonic immobility 23882 www ! AR ROWARA Wowowww . . . . wwww DSM5 CRITERIA IA Study Soup • Schizophrenia - need 2 or more of the following for the majority of 1 month period: • Delusions • Hallucinations • Negative symptoms • Disorganized speech • Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior Same Slide as ne betare • Additionally: • Social / occupational dysfunction and decline • Continuous signs of the disorder for at least 6 months Soup » least severe of the 3. Forma www 11/17/2016 • Order of severity:. - Schizophreniforme lee - Schizophrenia F o odpective, s most schizophreniformi se c Disorder which they i moot 2 of the symtoms of Schizophrenia for one month • Schizoaffective: meet Criteria for Schizophrenia and mood disorder. OTHER DISORDERS WITH PSYCHOTIC FEATURES: SCHIZOPHRENIFORM AND SCHIZOAFFECTIVE • Schizophreniform disorder Schizophrenic symptoms for a few months (less than 6) • Associated with good premorbid functioning . Most resume normal lives • Schizoaffective • Symptoms of schizophrenia and a mood disorder (e.g., depression) • Both disorders are independent of one another . Prognosis is similar for people with schizophrenia . Such persons do not tend to get better on their own SCHIZOPHRENIA CASE STUDY Watched video. • http://www.youtube.com/waich?v=7Qlsmed13G0&fe ature=related 21 WwW.XOWON Watched video. • htips://www.ted.com/toiksieleanor longden the voic os in my head 11/17/2016 OVERS PREVALENCE & COURSE . Rise for women is less than men. Ontil clout Core 36 than they - 0.2-1.5% of the population for 1%) . Often develops in early adulthood - Can emerge at any time - Affects all racial and cultural groups • Equal among men and women . Typical age of onset: • Men-18-25 . Women-25-35 . Prodromal phase = 1 or 2 year period before serious symptoms occur but when less severe behaviors start to show up • Schizophrenia is generally chronic . Most suffer with moderate to severe lifetime impairment Earlier onset → poorer prognosis Better premorbid functioning → better prognosis Life expectancy is slightly less than average flig. better premorbica Hifferent place in their life. women have a better prognools than men. Schizophreniform W. WW led is men blice is women Womens Number of individuals Ago * Ons Bowl SA COURSES - Premorbid: where they haven't experiences any Symptoms • Premorbid -? Prodromal → Onset/Deterioration → Chronic/Residual . Sometimes hard to detect right away • Person may seem "odd" but not tell you about hallucinations or share delusions Fy cred 11/17/2016 CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA • Family studies - Inherit a tendency for schizophrenia ONYCH KA WAP2 Risk increases with genetic relatedness wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww Com wwwwwwwwwwwwwwww • Twin studies • Identical twins versus fraternal twins of 770 • Adoption studies AMAWWWWWWWWWWWWWW w D ones w Cras por w • Offspring of twins "Carrier" for schizophrenia monozygotic are still passing on the gene. 'Dizygotic are NOT H wwwvwWWWWWWWWWW AS ow LOLU enerar W www Monozycotic Monozygotic schizoprenio Daygotic schizophreric Dizygotic notas co-twint www AL . Woww wwwwwwww Soup Y' CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA: NEUROBIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES The dopamine hypothesis supported by the following... > Drugs that increase dopamine (agonists) • Results in schizophrenic-ike behaviors Something going on with dopamine in Someone with schizophrenia. Drugs that decrease dopamine (antagonists) • Reduces schizophrenic-like behaviors Dopamine hypothesis is problematic and overly simplistic BUT It doesn't explain everything... Current theories emphasize at least 3 neurochemical abnormalities: D1 (prefrontal), D2 Istriatal), and NMDA receptors 11/17/2016 T owwwwwww NE w tomo CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA: OTHER NEUROBIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES • Structural and functional abnormalities in the brain · Enlarged ventricles and reduced tissue volume Specifically 3rd ventrick Ventricles houses Seribral Spinal fluido They have more empty Spare in brain because Ventricles are enlarged. SO - Hypofrontality . Less active frontal lobes • A major dopamine pathway • Prenatal exposure to viral infection, pregnancy, & delivery complications SO W increased risk Sources for schizophrenia V ALON NO OMA ULCORA Www w . A SEARCH FOR ENDOPHENOTYPES • What are the basic observable processes that contribute to the behaviors or symptoms of the disorder? - Endo DMonopos -eye movement in schizophrenic people, there have problems tracking things with 5. -- watched video • Smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) or eye-tracking • The ability to track objects smoothly across the visual field is deficient in those with schizophrenia. This abnormal eve tracking ability decreases in likelihood the further a person is genetically from someone with schizophrenia. • htips://www.youtube.comwatch?v=Q9DW 261 E Gwww. Earty expression on a pattapiny lekogical tune of schizophron movements in school children ritable to schizophrenia sac trahlon iritasime pursot tij Actor internation A cer will become o nes RMT O p erate the ** * *, * . w o ry Articles that look let the bese movements in people with Schizophrenia. *** ** * lis C 3 KHộp ho ra để đá, live k = 34 213 Chap 8 P 11 thg 8 20 ổ Tỳ Hưu T447 48 47 46 45 $ 08882 11/17/2016 wwwwwwwwwwwww www . ADAR wwwwwwwwwwww CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA • The role of stress . May activate underlying vulnerability . May also increase risk of relapse - individual faced with Something that's tramatic, which triggers on psychotic episode. www. er CORO c. com 3 8. MOS www. Int3 Secret ort. ASSESSMENTS: SCHIZOPHRENIA: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL INFLUENCES • Family Interactions • Families of people with schizophrenia show ineffective communication patterns • High expressed emotion in the family is associated with relapse Miah express emotion families are 3.5% more likely to relapse in Doodle with schizoohrenia, 10 . with High E AP Parser w www . A . w MEDICAL TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA UP • Development of antipsychotic (neuroleptic) medications . Often used as the first time treatment for Sz . Most reduce of eliminate symptoms · Acute and permanent side effects are common - Tardive dyskinesia . Compliance with medication is often a problem · Medical treatment is 1st line of treatment & it only effects positive Sumptoms. • Positive - Must take meds for at least I full week before they see improvements. • Noncompliance with medications 11/17/2016 SASNA OXYTOCIN FOR NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS? A pilot six-week randomized controlled trial of oxytocia on social cognition and social skills in schizophrenia Case **, David, Pen, Kelly Sakya lesestre", Butya Elka", Confederxes • Oxytocin is a bonding hormone · Beduction in Symtoms in le weeks with Schizophrenia . $ 32 WS Wiki howed med ia. W A Soldigheter i s www sk How could UNTIL Pop i s White PSYCHOSOCIAL TX OF SZ Psychosocial approaches: Overview and goals: Behavioral (i.e.. token economies) on inpatient units Community care program Social and living skills training @ Behavioral family therapy Vocational rehabilitation Roycho-education to the family also. teaching Skills that may be absent. TRŁATHENT OF CHIZOPHRENIA W round The homestecand the sons yake . Ma t ilag mediator MICR TOKS Dep recensed Prachatice Pediat BABES STRA Der er test Op. ht RESPERSEN. WEB and BERWARE * Did group activity *

Page Expired
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here