∙ Changing Gender Norms/ Issues of Social Class
o Shifts in Gender Roles
Gender role convergence: similarity in how men and women live and what they want from their lives
Women’s paid work time has significantly increased, while that of men has decreased
Women’s time devoted to housework has decreased, while time men spend in family work has increased
∙ Men share more family work if their female partners are:
o Employed more hours
o Earn more money
o Are more educated
∙ The longer the female has been in paid employment, the more
family work the man is likely to do
Marital Quality/Family Life
∙ Work and family influence each other
∙ Job satisfaction increases for happily married people
∙ Women’s employment does not undermine marriage
∙ Marital conflict leads women to enter labor force or work more
Division of Household Labor
∙ Working class families have greater conflict over family work than middle class
∙ African American men are more involved with housework and
kids than other men
∙ Most common sources: money, work, and familyrelated issues If you want to learn more check out What is a secret terrorist organization founded in pulaski, tennessee, in 1866?
o Social Policies Have Not Kept Pace Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of confirmation bias in psychology?
Even though American couples’ beliefs and desires regarding gender equity are progressive, America’s work policies and social support
systems are very behind
o Social Class and Income
Economic issues critical to family’s wellbeing
Income inequality is greater in US than any other Western industrialized nation
∙ Macroeconomic Changes: Poverty
o Absolute poverty: not having enough money to afford basic necessities (food, clothing, shelter)
o Relative poverty: inability to maintain an average standard of living
o Poverty line: minimum level of income that the government considers necessary for individuals’/families’ basic subsistence Don't forget about the age old question of What does john adams known work?
26% of the US population but 35% of the poor
1/5 of US children live in poverty
o Elderly (65+)
12.8% of population but 10% of the poor, thanks to social security Lowest rate of poverty for elderly in history
Single mothers and their children make up a large percentage If you want to learn more check out What determines the premium on a option?
Feminization of poverty: growing proportion of women and their children who are poor
∙ Scandinavian countries are the only countries in which this
phenomenon is not occurring
o The Working Poor
Spend at least 27 weeks in labor force, but incomes fall below official poverty line
Almost 40% of US workers
o Why are People Poor?
Gans (1971) pointed out that poverty/inequality have functions for society ∙ Ensure dirty work gets done
∙ Subsidize middle/upper classes by working for low wages Don't forget about the age old question of What are the ancient beliefs about blood-drinking creatures in various cultures?
We also discuss several other topics like What are some of the antiviral drugs used to treat viral diseases?
∙ Buy old goods that would be rejected
∙ Macroeconomic Changes: Homeless Families
o About 3.5 million, a third of whom are children, experience homelessness in a year
o Families are the fastest growing groups of homeless people