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UD / Human Development / HDFS 202010 / Why work and family influence each other?

Why work and family influence each other?

Why work and family influence each other?

Description

School: University of Delaware
Department: Human Development
Course: Diversity and Families
Professor: Bahira sherif-trask
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: HDFS, humanservices, hdfs202, Udel, UD, universityofdelaware, and diversityandfamilies
Cost: 25
Name: HDFS 202 Week 13 Notes
Description: HDFS 202­010  Changing Gender Norms/ Issues of Social Class o Shifts in Gender Roles  Gender role convergence: similarity in how men and women live and what they want from their lives  Women’s paid work time has significantly increased, while that of men  has decreased  Women’s time devoted to housework has decreased, while time men  spend in family work has increased  Men share more family wo
Uploaded: 12/07/2016
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HDFS 202­010


Why work and family influence each other?



∙ Changing Gender Norms/ Issues of Social Class

o Shifts in Gender Roles

 Gender role convergence: similarity in how men and women live and what they want from their lives

 Women’s paid work time has significantly increased, while that of men  has decreased

 Women’s time devoted to housework has decreased, while time men  spend in family work has increased

∙ Men share more family work if their female partners are:

o Employed more hours

o Earn more money

o Are more educated

∙ The longer the female has been in paid employment, the more 

family work the man is likely to do

 Marital Quality/Family Life


What are the most common sources of stress?



∙ Work and family influence each other

∙ Job satisfaction increases for happily married people

∙ Women’s employment does not undermine marriage

∙ Marital conflict leads women to enter labor force or work more 

hours

 Division of Household Labor

∙ Working class families have greater conflict over family work than middle class

∙ African American men are more involved with housework and 

kids than other men

 Stress

∙ Most common sources: money, work, and family­related issues If you want to learn more check out What is a secret terrorist organization founded in pulaski, tennessee, in 1866?

o Social Policies Have Not Kept Pace Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of confirmation bias in psychology?

 Even though American couples’ beliefs and desires regarding gender  equity are progressive, America’s work policies and social support 


Define relative property.



systems are very behind

o Social Class and Income

 Economic issues critical to family’s well­being

 Income inequality is greater in US than any other Western industrialized  nation

∙ Macroeconomic Changes: Poverty

o Absolute poverty: not having enough money to afford basic necessities (food,  clothing, shelter)

o Relative poverty: inability to maintain an average standard of living

o Poverty line: minimum level of income that the government considers necessary  for individuals’/families’ basic subsistence  Don't forget about the age old question of What does john adams known work?

o Children

 26% of the US population but 35% of the poor

 1/5 of US children live in poverty

o Elderly (65+)

 12.8% of population but 10% of the poor, thanks to social security  Lowest rate of poverty for elderly in history

o Women

 Single mothers and their children make up a large percentage If you want to learn more check out What determines the premium on a option?

 Feminization of poverty: growing proportion of women and their children  who are poor

∙ Scandinavian countries are the only countries in which this 

phenomenon is not occurring

o The Working Poor

 Spend at least 27 weeks in labor force, but incomes fall below official  poverty line

 Almost 40% of US workers

o Why are People Poor?

 Gans (1971) pointed out that poverty/inequality have functions for society ∙ Ensure dirty work gets done

∙ Subsidize middle/upper classes by working for low wages Don't forget about the age old question of What are the ancient beliefs about blood-drinking creatures in various cultures?
We also discuss several other topics like What are some of the antiviral drugs used to treat viral diseases?

∙ Buy old goods that would be rejected

∙ Macroeconomic Changes: Homeless Families

o About 3.5 million, a third of whom are children, experience homelessness in a  year

o Families are the fastest growing groups of homeless people

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