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UCI / Psychology / PSY BEH 150 / Which therapeutic effects are unique to group therapies?

Which therapeutic effects are unique to group therapies?

Which therapeutic effects are unique to group therapies?

Description

School: University of California - Irvine
Department: Psychology
Course: Clinical Pychology
Professor: J. rinehart
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychodynamic, humanistic, and PSYCHOTHERAPIES
Cost: Free
Name: Clinical Psychology Week 6 Class Notes
Description: These notes cover the second half of week 5's lecture session. The subject is: Psychodynamic & Humanistic Psychotherapies.
Uploaded: 12/07/2016
3 Pages 190 Views 0 Unlocks
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• If you are reading self help, research the author and know who wrote it?




• Why is it so effective?




• Try to get them talking by asking “how did you meet?



Clinical Psychology – 11/8/16 Class Notes ALTERNATIVE CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS PSYCHODYNAMIC & HUMANISTIC PSYCHOTHERAPIES Overview • All of the previous therapies are individual.  The list here is designed for at least two or more people.  The  idea behind this is that people do not exist in a vacuumed.  ThDon't forget about the age old question of What are some asian countries?
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ey need to be treated in a realistic  environment. Group Therapy • Different than individual therapy because input can come from the group and not just the client and  therapist. • Instilling hope between clients is important • The most important part of this therapy is that it gives them a social support network and shows them  that they are not alone. Group Therapy • Groups have a built in function that you can work on your interpersonal relationships by modeling  appropriate behaviors within the group. • These therapeutic effects are unique to group therapies. Group Therapy • Groups vary in size.  6-12 people is normal.  Too large of a group negates work and really is an  educational session. • Group sessions are usually 90 minutes, up to 2 hours. • Groups are usually put in groups based on their diagnosis or their specific therapeutic aim. • Sometimes they are grouped by gender or age. Group Therapy • Couples & Family Therapy • The focus is on the relationship instead of on the individual level.   • Popularity has risen since the 70’s but therapy has as a whole. Couples Therapy -Graph Interpretation: • The presence of children reduce the likelihood of happiness during a marriage. • Emotional wellbeing goes up in general towards old age. Couples Therapy • Top reasons for therapy are communication and emotional affection. • The issues on the list are overlapping and multiple problems can be counted. Couples Therapy • Gottman is the foremost researcher in marriage therapy.  He used the four horsemen of the apocalypse.   They are predictors above all other factors.Clinical Psychology – 11/8/16 Class Notes ALTERNATIVE CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS • Criticism:  giving defects in the other’s personality. • Contempt: looking down on your partner. • Defensiveness:  blaming. • Stonewalling:  Not indicating that they are listening to the other. Couples Therapy • Try to get them talking by asking “how did you meet?”  Reorients them to a happy time in their  relationship. • You want both people to own responsibility for working on the problem. • Focus on the current issues and don’t dive back into old things constantly. • Demands and ultimatums are not good.  Preferences are more useful. • Negotiations and compromises are preferable. These skills are helpful in all therapeutic settings. Couples Therapy • Do not take sides and don’t get in the middle. Couples Therapy • If you look at what kinds of therapy works: • Get them to engage in activities that they both enjoy getting them to rebuild their relationship. • Downplay the weaknesses and focus on the strengths. • Both therapies worked equally well. Family Therapy • One of the more common situations is a child that has behavioral problems. • Behavioral parent training:  help parents reinforce the work done in therapy. Family Therapy • CRAFT: out of New Mexico. • Treatment is designed to help concerned significant others get their loved one into therapy. • Helps the CSO learn to change the way they interact with the client. • Family members have so much knowledge about the addictive behavior pattern with their family  member but they don’t know how to interact with the client. • Commonly in substance abuse families, everything is negative so CRAFT uses positive reinforcement.   The idea is to uplift the client. • New research shows that being motivational creates better outcomes in the client. • Substance abuse disorders effect the whole family and the family usually has the most influence over the  client. • CSO (concerned significant other) can be a spouse, parent or adult child, ect. • Primary focus is to get the loved one into treatment but also reduction in negative outcomes for CSO. • Interventions do work but oftentimes people do not follow through because they are so adversatial. Family Therapy • The process is more positive for the family members and participants are more likely to follow though  than other methods.Clinical Psychology – 11/8/16 Class Notes ALTERNATIVE CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS Community Psychology • Prevention science has brought this therapy back into popularity. • Large scale groups, communities, societies, larger. Community Psychology • Social ecological model: very important in understanding social ecology.  Individual, interpersonal  (family and couples), institutions and organizations (business, school), community (town, state),  structures, policies, and system (larger level). Community Psychology • Prevention to effect change at a large scale. • Universal prevention:  DARE programs, every 15 minutes. o Disadvantage is that it is costly in wasting resources on people who may not benefit from  intervention.   • Selective intervention:  identifying people with risk factors.  (military with high risk combat zones) o Disadvantage is that is could stigmatize them. • Indicated prevention:  people with early signs of a disorder will be treated. (military that are showing  signs of trauma). Community Psychology • Good Behavior Game:  the goal is that it makes children behave based on their group behavior. • These kids in Baltimore have been tracked for 30 years. Community Psychology • Tangible rewards and progressively not tangible. Community Psychology • 1st grade because all kids are in school at that age. Community Psychology • Why is it so effective?  If you and intercept kid early on, you can change the predictable trajectory. • More effective on boys, possibly because girls have less aggressive tendencies. Self-Help • If you are reading self help, research the author and know who wrote it.

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