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hibaq meaning

Description

School: George Mason University
Department: Psychology
Course: Basic Concepts in Psycology
Professor: Michael anderson
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: ch. 8, 9, 13
Description: psych notes from class
Uploaded: 12/08/2016
3 Pages 132 Views 0 Unlocks
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What is the recency effect?




What is the primacy effect?




What is the serial position effect?



Ch.8 1. Recall, Recognition & Relearning a. Recall the information b. Recognizing it c. Relearning it more easily in the next attempt 2. What is encoding? a. Putting short term memory into long term memory 3. What is renewal? a. Opposite of encoding 4. 3 stages of Atkinson Shiffrin Model? a. Sensory memory b. Short-term memory c. Long-term memory 5. Working memory We also discuss several other topics like the breadwinner homemaker model of marriage
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vs Short term memory a. Involves newer understanding of short-term memory  b. Activated memory that holds a few items briefly (ex. phone  number) 6. What is Context dependent memory a. Location of learning affects memory b. If you study in your room, you’ll do better if you take the test in  the same room 7. What is State dependent memory a. State of learning affects memory b. If you study drunk you will do better drunk than sober 8. What is the serial position effect? a. Recalling the beginning and end of a list better than the middle  of the list 9. What is the primacy effect? a. Ability to remember the beginning of the list  b. Long-term 10. What is the recency effect? a. Ability to remember the end of the list b. Short-term effect 11. Pro-active vs Retro-active interference? a. Occurs when older memory is more difficult to remember than  new information b. Occurs when new memory is more difficult to remember than old information 12. How does psychology characterize human memory? a. It calls it construction memory 13. Elizabeth Loftis studies 14. What is the mis-information effect? a. Occurs when a memory has been corrupted by a misleading  effect 15. What is Deja-vu and where does it come from?a. A sense of “I’ve experienced this before” b. An unconscious trigger of an earlier memory 16. What is infantile amnesia? a. Memory of first 3 years of life is a blank Ch. 9 1. Classifying objects a. Prototype approach i. Average of the category (ex. Chair) b. Exemplar approach i. Model of the entire group (ex. Golden retriever-dogs) 2. Heuristic vs Algorithm a. A simpler strategy that is quicker but also more error prone b. Logical rule or procedure that guarantees a solution for the  problem 3. What is insight? a. Not strategy based solution; the “aha” moment 4. What is confirmation bias? a. When you have a belief and only seek out info that confirms your belief b. Verify not challenge our beliefs/hypothesis 5. What is fixation? a. Prevents us from solving the problem and looking at it from a  different perspective that might give the solution 6. What is the availability heuristics? a. Something available in our mind that can increases the chances  of it happening in our mind b. More people decided to drive instead of flying after 9/11 7. What is language? a. Spoken, written, or signed words that communicate a meaning 8. What is phonemes? a. Small distinctive sound units in language 9. What is morphemes? a. Smallest sound units that carry meaning 10. Where is the Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area located? a. Frontal lobe; impacts speech b. Temporal lobe; impacts the understanding of language,Ch. 13 1. What is attribution theory? a. When someone else attributes behavior to 2 things i. Disposition  ii. Situation  2. What is fundamental attribution error? a. Underestimation of situation b. Overestimation of disposition 3. Political views on poverty a. Conservative: disposition b. Liberal: situation 4. What is the foot-in-the-door phenomenon? a. Getting someone to agree to small request so that they can later  agree to larger request that they would not have agreed to  before 5. What did the Stanford experiment illustrate? (Lombardo) a. Illustrated how role-playing affects attitude 6. What is cognitive dissonance theory? a. What you are doing doesn’t for with what you believe  b. Behavior and thoughts are inconsistent  7. What is conformity? a. When you adjust behavior, or thinking towards group standard  8. What is the Solomon Asch experiment? a. Lines experiment in which 5 people deliberately chose the wrong  answer to see if the other would chose the obvious right answer  or not 9. Fundamental conclusion of experiment a. People are more likely to adjust the behavior or thinking to  coincide with the group standard 10. What is social facilitation?  a. Performing better in the presence of others 11. What is social loathing? a. No performing your best in a group b/c you don’t think your  contribution matters 12. What is a group polarization? a. When like-minded people come together and strengthen their  ideas, beliefs, and attitudes

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