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UIUC / Geography / GEOG 204 / east 240 class notes

east 240 class notes

east 240 class notes

Description

School: University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Department: Geography
Course: Cities of the World
Professor: Zcidell chen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: GEOG, 204, east, and Asia
Cost: 25
Name: Geog 204 Week 13 Notes
Description: These notes cover the last two lectures on East Asia.
Uploaded: 12/09/2016
4 Pages 94 Views 0 Unlocks
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Clicker Question: How is the Water and Land Niigata Art Festival explicitly linked to Niigata's status as a shrinking city?




Clicker Question: What does "creativity" refer to in the Niigata article?




Wednesday, November 16, 2016 11:00 AM Question: What options are there for shrinking cities?



East Asia III Monday, November  14, 2016 11:54 AMTigers and Hermits 1. Early Korean cities a. Maritime-based b. Off and on Chinese rule c. Seoul: capital since 1394 d. 186Don't forget about the age old question of uh cot
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4-1876 Hermit Kingdom e. Japanese colony (1910-1945) i. Modernized for Japan's benefit  ii. Tried to stamp out Korean culture 2. Korean War a. After WWII, Soviet invasion; US, USSR left in 1949; North invaded in 1950 b. US/UN forces defended South, China defended North c. Ceasefire after 3 years; no official end d. 3 million killed e. 3 mile wide demilitarized zone (DMZ) remains 3. Economic Tigers a. Fast-developing country/ territory b. South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan c. Site factors (small territories, cheap but skilled labor) d. Situation factors (good sea access, proximity to Japan, US)  e. State capitalism: free market, but government-owned firms 4. Seoul a. Strong primate city (40% of SK)  b. Site: plain around Han River c. Situation i. Center of unified Korea ii. Edge of militarized South Korea d. Rapid, state-led urbanization since 1960s e. Significant expat, military population f. High land costs, housing shortage g. 1988 Olympics, 2002 World Cup h. "The Most Wired Place on Earth" i. High density, state capitalism i. Attempts to decentralize i. Satellite  cities h. "The Most Wired Place on Earth" i. High density, state capitalism i.Attempts to decentralize i. Satellite  cities ii. Promoting growth elsewhere iii. New capital? East Asia IV Wednesday,  November  16, 2016 11:00 AMQuestion: What options are there for shrinking cities? 1. Japan a. 128 million; smaller size than CA  b. World's largest city: Tokyo (38 M) c. 80% urban population d. Little arable land  e. Colonizer, not colonized  f. Tectonic hazards 2. Early Japanese cities a. Castle towns (1500s) i. Awarded by shogun to follower ii. Centers for urban growth  b. Osaka-Edo (Tokyo) corridor 3. Meiji Restoration a. Return of emperor, central government b. Capital moved to Tokyo c. Britain taken as model i. Rapid industrial development ii. Colonial ambitions d. Annexed Taiwan, Korea, Manchuria e. Culmination in WWII 4. Post-War Japan a. Near-complete devastation b. Very rapid recovery i. Ethos of loyalty, cooperation ii. US assistance c. Democratic government d. Manufacturing -> electronics -> IT e. Continued importance of Tokaido corridor 5. Shrinking cities a. Concept from US Rust Belt, E. Europe b. Demographics: population growth below replacement a. Implications  i. Vacant houses, lots, shops ii. Imlications for cit income b. Demographics: population growth below replacement a. Implications  i. Vacant houses, lots, shops ii. Implications for city income iii. Increase immigration? --95% ethnically Japanese iv. By 2020, every city but Tokyo will be shrinking Clicker Question: What does "creativity" refer to in the Niigata article? Answer: artists, musicians, etc., who are creative with their art Clicker Question: How is the Water and Land Niigata Art Festival explicitly linked to  Niigata's status as a shrinking city? Answer: The city has been combined with its neighbors to establish a new city Clicker Question: How was Nuttari Radio an example of successful community  development through art? Answer: The radio station is tiny, but it has strengtheed Clicker Question: Which approach to community revitalization does the Water and  Land Niigata Art Festival demonstrate? Answer: balance of both top-down (government led) and bottom-up (community led)

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