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GEO 1972 - GEOG 1972 Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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GEO 1972 - GEOG 1972 Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide Hey congrats for making it through a semester (maybe your first!). The format will be much the same. Sections will be as follows: 1) Key concepts from Dr. Travis, 2) Other resources, 3) Answers to sample questions & WHY they’re right, 4) Review of notes & any other concepts.  Material  Lectures since Week 12-16 Ch.7 pg, 111-117, Ch.9 Recitation assignments 4 & 5 Key Concepts  The environment as a social construct & our perception of our role in it Social vs, ecological attitude paradigm (survey): our current perception of our 
relationship to nature
Anthropocentrism vs. biocentrism: anthropocentrism is focused around human
needs, biocentrism is more focused on the earth
Natural limits to growth: there are cycles in everything in nature  forest fires 
when growth is too dense, which leads to new growth.
Techno-optimism: can we technology ourselves out of our situations? Some 
people think yes. 
Social construction of nature: We’ve reviewed this one a lot, but the idea that we
put our own humanity onto nature, and this perception will decide how we treat 
our world. 
Good vs bad: what is convenient and what is not for humans, that nature isn’t 
doing a good enough job. Ex: Wolves are evil, but baby pandas are angelic.  Human transformation of earth systems  Purposeful vs inadvertent transformations: These are rather self-apparent, 
but it should be noted that both these types of transformation can have 
inadvertent consequences
Baselines: (Week 3b lecture)
- Reference: a place that is less perturbed so that we could use it as a 
comparison now - Natural: pre-industrial, pre-settlement, a time in the past
- Target: a place we want to reach in the future
- Background: background radiation, trace chemicals
Limits of transformation: idea that there are measurable thresholds & 
boundaries, planetary boundaries
Political ecology: Interactions of political & economic structures & environment  Market response model  Commons, Tragedy of the Commons: the idea that there is some shared 
resource, and that if one person acts in self-interest & uses too much of it, it ruins 
the whole commons for everyone. 
Elements of successful commons management 
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Final Exam Study Guide
Environment as resource and hazard  Sustained yield, maximized sustained yield: the average annual ‘harvest’; 
maximized sustained yield is the maximum average yield that can be sustained 
indefinitely. 
Utilitarian vs. preservation: Gifford Pinchot “the greatest good for the greatest 
number” vs. John Muir, who believed that nature should be preserved for nature’s 
sake. 
Trends in natural hazard loss
- Levee effect: a sense of false security constructed by efforts to help deal with 
natural disasters that leads to more construction in at risk areas.  - Natural hazards have become more costly
- Demographic inequality: the most at risk land is the cheapest, so poorer people 
can afford it. Those areas tend to be denser, and furthermore the people that 
are the most affected have the least ability to get back up on their feet. 
- Hurricane Katrina reading is a poster child example of this Resources 
UNFCCC Website: 
http://unfccc.int/2860.php Yellowstone Wolf Reintroduction Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q
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Final Exam Study Guide
Sample Questions & Explanations 1. True or False: Natural hazards mitigation plans, like the one for Boulder, often  include a “worst case” scenario because the worst possible event (the biggest 
flood) is more frequent than smaller events 
This one is pretty logical- the worst-case scenario is the one least likely to happen.  Hopefully. 2. How did the “Paris Agreement” approach allocation of limits on GHG emissions? a. Like the previous agreement, the Kyoto Protocol, it set a target for industrial  countries to meet  b. It allocated reductions based on historical emissions: those who put most in  have to reduce the most  c. It developed a general goal to limit warming & asked for voluntary reductions to meet it d. It specified instruments like carbon taxes & cap-and-trade systems for all  countries, not just industrial countries. Review the general outline of Paris Accords: most of these agreements are  voluntary, because no one can force a whole country to do something, and it’s  probably a good idea to have a country agree/want to actually go through with  their commitments.  3. The Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) set a basic goal of the  prevention of…. 
a. Any measurable anthropogenic interference in the Earth’s climate
b. Dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate
c. Warming beyond what had been observed in the instrumental record
d. Anthropogenic warming that posed a threat to the most vulnerable societies
We’ve already accomplished A quite spectacularly, so B makes the most logical  sense. 4. The wide range of temperature projections illustrated in the above graph of  projected human-induced global warming from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on 
Climate Change (IPCC), reflects uncertainties about… 

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School: University of Colorado at Boulder
Department: OTHER
Course: Environment-Society Geography
Professor: Professor Travis
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: geography, Society, and Environment
Name: GEOG 1972 Final Exam Study Guide
Description: - This one is quite broad - I've pulled some key things from the other study guides for review
Uploaded: 12/10/2016
7 Pages 44 Views 35 Unlocks
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