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UGA / Psychology / PSYC 1101 / Which part of psychology focuses on thoughts and emotions?

Which part of psychology focuses on thoughts and emotions?

Which part of psychology focuses on thoughts and emotions?

Description

School: University of Georgia
Department: Psychology
Course: Elementary Psychology
Professor: Kara dyckman
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: PSYC 1101 Test 1 Study Guide
Description: General overview of the chapter one and two topics on test one.
Uploaded: 01/17/2017
5 Pages 127 Views 2 Unlocks
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Test One Study Guide If you want to learn more check out Which is the only case where it is not beneficial for the us to trade with mexico?

Chapter One

Psychology - Scientific study of behavior and mental processes

Parts of Psychology

Scientific → uses scientific method Don't forget about the age old question of What is "total art?"

behavior → observe activities

mental processes → thoughts and emotions

Goals: describe →  explain →  predict → control Don't forget about the age old question of How does ethical fundamentalism differ from ethical relativism?
We also discuss several other topics like What should a market do to be perfectly competitive?

        ↘       ↙                        ↘       ↙Don't forget about the age old question of Why do we need to interpret legislation?

    basic research             applied research

Don't forget about the age old question of What influences our attitudes about sex today?

Hindsight bias - feeling of "knowing it all along" when psychological study results seem like common sense.

Research Basics

Vanabies - anything that can change rany across people of time

Population - all members of a group a researcher is interested in

Sample - group from population that you experiment on

Should be         → random - erem person in population has equal chance of being in study

              → representative - sample includes all groups of population

- to research person you need informed consent and debriefing

Research Designs

(1) descriptive - good for new avestions, only describes

(2) correlational - looks for relationship between 2 varabies (but not explained)

(3) experimental - looks for cause and effect

Descriptive methods (no cause and effect)

  • Naturalistic Observation - What Subject does in natural environment, subject doesn't know
  • Laboratory Observation - Watch behavior in designed environment
  • Case Studies - detailed examination of one person (good for rare conditions)
  • Survey - series of question given to population or sample of population

People

  • Plato - "true knowledge" exist in soul before birth
  • Aristotle - believed we know reality through your perceptions and we learn through our sensory experiences (theory called empiricism)
  • René Descartes - "I think therefore I am" - believed everything else was uncertain (even what you see)
  • Dualism - mind is not physical but body is so they interact as two separate entities.
  • Gustav Theodor Fechner - German wanted to figure all out how the mind and body connect. Studied sensations as the connection (physical ability to sense stimuli)
  • Wilhelm Wundt ``father of psychology" founded the 1st psych lab in Germany wanted to measure psyc and processes through the introspection method used to describe one's own conscious activities.
  • Structuralism - determine the structure of the “atoms'' of the mind
  • developed by Edward Titchener - psych studies can be done through observation and measurement.
  • Psychoanalytic (Freud) - Underlying conflicts influence behavior
  • Behavioral (Pavlov, Watson Skinner) human behavior = learned
  • Humanistic (Rodgers, mastow.) positive, growth factors of human nature
  • Cognitive (Miller) mental processes that direct behavior
  • Evolutionary (Darwin) now characteristics in fence adaptation to survive
  • Biological - uses physiology to explore/explain behavior and mental processes
  • Sociocultural (Vygotsky) - how influences of other people affect behavior
  • Biopsychosocial - looks at all from influences above influencing behavior

Psyc driven by critical thinking

Curiosity

Skepticism

Humility

To form questions

So you don’t just believe what you hear

Open mind

  • Pseudo psychology - an attempt to explain /predict behavior that's not supported by objective evidence (ex numerology, astrology)
  • Correlational Analysis - way for researchers to examine relationships between variables. Descriptive only.

☆ Correlation ≠ causation ☆

  • Positive correlation: one variable goes up, other variable goes up
  • Negative correlation: One ranable goes been other variable goes down
  • Experiment - called an experiment if the researcher is controlling something. (ex: avg study) uncovers cause and effect
  • Independent variable - what researcher is manipulating
  • Two group types: experimental and control.
  • experimental receives independent variable
  • Dependant variable - caused/ changed by independent variable
  • Random assignment: making sure everyone has an equal chance to be in your study
  • Placebo - "pill given to control group that has no effects, but eliminates potential biased
  • Double blind study - study where both participants and researcher don't know which groups got the independent variable. Researchers obrenations aren't biased
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