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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image  Depression  
● What are the symptoms of a Major Depressive Episode?  ○ At least 5 of the following symptoms 
○ Depressed mood* 
○ Anhedonia*- loss of interest in things that used to bring pleasure 
○ Appetite or weight changes 
○ Sleep problems 
○ Psychomotor changes- t
he relationship between cognitive functions and physical  movement   ○ Loss of energy 
○ Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt 
○ Concentration problems- not necessarily informative, but is distressing and 
shows dysfunctionality   ○ Suicidal thoughts 
○ *have to have one or both be present to meet the other criteria 
● What is the difference between a Major Depressive Episode, Major Depressive Disorder,  and Persistent Depressive Disorder?    ○ Major depression, single episode    ○ Major depression, recurrent 
background image   ○ Major depressive disorder  ■ Presence of a major depressive episode 
■ Not better accounted for by another disorder 
■ No history of a manic, mixed, or hypomanic episode 
○ Persistent Depressive Disorder  ■ More chronic (can be less severe) 
■ At least two of the following for at least two years: 
■ Appetite problems 
■ Sleep problems 
■ Low energy 
■ Low self-esteem 
■ Poor concentration 
■ Feelings of hopelessness 
  ○ Persistent Depressive Disorder w Major Depressive Episode    ○   ● What is the prevalence of MDD? What is the average course? What are the gender and  age differences in MDD?  ○ About 1 in 5 people will experience or 1 in 5 people that have depression  experience major depression  ○ Without treatment, it is long-lasting and recurrent 
background image    
Depression Part 2  
● Prevalence, gender and age differences in MDD 
● How can genes and environment interact with each other to lead to MDD? 
○ Genetics- serotonin transporter gene 
○ Environment- as the amount of maltreatment of a patient goes up, so does the 
probability of a major depressive episode  ● What neurotransmitters and brain differences are associated with MDD?  ○ Serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine, and (more rarely) dopamine 
○ Less activity in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, and more activity in the 
anterior cingulate and amygdala  ● Describe the four types of drug treatments for MDD and how they relate to the biological  theories  ○ Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)  ■ Relief within a couple of weeks 
■ Less severe side effects (better tolerated) 
○ Selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSNRIs)  ■ Similar advantages as SSRIs but has more stimulant effects  ○ Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors  ■ Fatal interacts w other meds 
■ Can cause liver damage & weight gain 
○ Tricyclic antidepressants  ■ Numerous side effects  ● Discuss behavioral theories of depression (i.e., learning mechanisms)  ○ Reduced positive reinforcers causes behavioral withdrawal 
○ Learned helplessness 
■ Unpredictable negative events serve as punishers cause behavioral  withdrawal   ● Discuss cognitive theories of depression 
background image ○ Causal attributions- believe causes of negative events are: stable, internal, and  global  ■ Things haven’t been working out for me.. 
■ Stable: I won’t ever be able to change 
■ Internal: it must be my fault 
■ Global: Northing will work out for me 
● Name and describe evidence-based treatments for MDD  ○ (Usually) effective individual treatments:  ■ Time limited, involve in and out of session, involve clear goals that both  client and therapist are aware of  ○ Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)  ■ Cognitive- change negative thinking 
■ Behavioral- increase positive reinforcers (behavioral action) 
Both- identify social rhythms and sleep hygiene  ■ Both- identify triggers and problem-solve 
■ Risk monitoring  
○ Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)- usually used when someone has gone through a  major transition in their life  ■ Goal: Identify and address 1 of 4 interpersonal sources of depression 
■ Grief, loss 
■ Interpersonal Role Disputes 
■ Role Transitions 
■ Interpersonal Skills Deficits  
Bipolar Disorders 
  ● Define Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Cyclothymia and pinpoint differences between the  diagnoses (symptoms and how they differ). 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psychology Study Guide
Description: This study guide will help you with the exam on 3/1/17.
Uploaded: 01/20/2017
15 Pages 29 Views 23 Unlocks
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