Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

Created by: Kaci Notetaker Elite Notetaker

> > > > FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

This preview shows pages 1 - 4 of a 15 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image  Depression  
 
● What are the symptoms of a Major Depressive Episode?  ○ At least 5 of the following symptoms 
○ Depressed mood* 
○ Anhedonia*- loss of interest in things that used to bring pleasure 
○ Appetite or weight changes 
○ Sleep problems 
○ Psychomotor changes- t
he relationship between cognitive functions and physical  movement   ○ Loss of energy 
○ Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt 
○ Concentration problems- not necessarily informative, but is distressing and 
shows dysfunctionality   ○ Suicidal thoughts 
○ *have to have one or both be present to meet the other criteria 
● What is the difference between a Major Depressive Episode, Major Depressive Disorder,  and Persistent Depressive Disorder?    ○ Major depression, single episode    ○ Major depression, recurrent 
background image   ○ Major depressive disorder  ■ Presence of a major depressive episode 
■ Not better accounted for by another disorder 
■ No history of a manic, mixed, or hypomanic episode 
○ Persistent Depressive Disorder  ■ More chronic (can be less severe) 
■ At least two of the following for at least two years: 
■ Appetite problems 
■ Sleep problems 
■ Low energy 
■ Low self-esteem 
■ Poor concentration 
■ Feelings of hopelessness 
  ○ Persistent Depressive Disorder w Major Depressive Episode    ○   ● What is the prevalence of MDD? What is the average course? What are the gender and  age differences in MDD?  ○ About 1 in 5 people will experience or 1 in 5 people that have depression  experience major depression  ○ Without treatment, it is long-lasting and recurrent 
background image    
 
Depression Part 2  
 
● Prevalence, gender and age differences in MDD 
● How can genes and environment interact with each other to lead to MDD? 
○ Genetics- serotonin transporter gene 
○ Environment- as the amount of maltreatment of a patient goes up, so does the 
probability of a major depressive episode  ● What neurotransmitters and brain differences are associated with MDD?  ○ Serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine, and (more rarely) dopamine 
○ Less activity in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, and more activity in the 
anterior cingulate and amygdala  ● Describe the four types of drug treatments for MDD and how they relate to the biological  theories  ○ Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)  ■ Relief within a couple of weeks 
■ Less severe side effects (better tolerated) 
○ Selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSNRIs)  ■ Similar advantages as SSRIs but has more stimulant effects  ○ Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors  ■ Fatal interacts w other meds 
■ Can cause liver damage & weight gain 
○ Tricyclic antidepressants  ■ Numerous side effects  ● Discuss behavioral theories of depression (i.e., learning mechanisms)  ○ Reduced positive reinforcers causes behavioral withdrawal 
○ Learned helplessness 
■ Unpredictable negative events serve as punishers cause behavioral  withdrawal   ● Discuss cognitive theories of depression 
background image ○ Causal attributions- believe causes of negative events are: stable, internal, and  global  ■ Things haven’t been working out for me.. 
■ Stable: I won’t ever be able to change 
■ Internal: it must be my fault 
■ Global: Northing will work out for me 
● Name and describe evidence-based treatments for MDD  ○ (Usually) effective individual treatments:  ■ Time limited, involve in and out of session, involve clear goals that both  client and therapist are aware of  ○ Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)  ■ Cognitive- change negative thinking 
■ Behavioral- increase positive reinforcers (behavioral action) 
Both- identify social rhythms and sleep hygiene  ■ Both- identify triggers and problem-solve 
■ Risk monitoring  
○ Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)- usually used when someone has gone through a  major transition in their life  ■ Goal: Identify and address 1 of 4 interpersonal sources of depression 
■ Grief, loss 
■ Interpersonal Role Disputes 
■ Role Transitions 
■ Interpersonal Skills Deficits  
 
Bipolar Disorders 
 
  ● Define Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Cyclothymia and pinpoint differences between the  diagnoses (symptoms and how they differ). 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psychology Study Guide
Description: This study guide will help you with the exam on 3/1/17.
Uploaded: 01/20/2017
15 Pages 29 Views 23 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide - Midterm

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here