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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 2

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: abnormal psych
Name: Week 2 Notes CLP 4143
Description: These notes cover the material covered in class in week 2 and the book notes from chapter 2.
Uploaded: 01/20/2017
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background image January 17, 2017 Etiology: Origins Where does psychopathology come from?  Nature vs. Nurture: Classic “conflict” o Nature—biological/genetic
o Nurture—social/environmental 
(can also be biological) Assumes mutual exclusivity, single cause Modern theories of abnormal psychology recognize both 
nature and nurture. In fact, they tend to expand it out a little 
more…
o Adopt a bio-psychosocial approach to explain  psychopathology That is, biological factors such as genetics Influence and are influenced by  Psychological factors such as childhood 
experiences and self-concept
Which influence and are influenced by social 
factors like interpersonal relationships
These also influence biological factors which in 
turn influence social factors
These theories suggest that a combination of biological,  psychological, and social factors lead to a specific disorder
background image A person does not have to have problems or deficits in all areas  to have a disorder, but it’s common to see dysfunction across at least 
two of these areas when someone has true psychopathology
Diathesis-stress Model:  Vulnerability + Stress = Abnormal Behavior  **Individuals with strong diathesis require  less stress in order  to develop disorder Biological Theories Structural Theories: Abnormalities in the structure of the brain
cause mental disorders. 
o Frontal Lobe Effects self control, planning, executive 
functioning, and self regulating 
Lesions cause problems in self-control Phineas Gage- railroad foreman who survived a 
railroad spike going straight through his skull 
His friends said he was rude and more 
aggressive after the accident 
Led to abnormal behavior for him  o Hippocampus Effects emotions, memories Lesions cause problems forming new memories  Clive Wearing Has less than 30 seconds memory  Only remembers his Wife, has no short term
memory 
Biochemical Theories: Imbalances in levels of 
neurotransmitters, hormones, or poor functioning of receptors
for neurotransmitters causes mental disorders. 
background image o Brain needs chemicals to operate properly Include neurotransmitters and hormones  Neurotransmitters: Biochemical “messengers Serotonin goes from Presynaptic neuron to 
synaptic cleft to post synaptic neuron
The Major Neurotransmitters Serotonin o Mood, anxiety, Obsession,  compulsions  Dopamine o Mood, anxiety, Attention,  motivation, pleasure, reward Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)  o Mood, Alertness, energy  o Endocrine System Produces hormones à released into blood Influences mood, energy level, & stress 
response
o Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis (HPA Axis) Dysregulation à difficulty managing stress Linked to stress response, depression, 
anxiety, & other psychological dxs
Genetic Theories: An accumulation of Disordered genes leads 
to mental disorders. 
o Family History Studies Identify Probands Probands- people who have the disorder 
that you are going to study 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: abnormal psych
Name: Week 2 Notes CLP 4143
Description: These notes cover the material covered in class in week 2 and the book notes from chapter 2.
Uploaded: 01/20/2017
11 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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