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UGA / Sociology / SOCI 1101 / What does it take to be a fully socialized member of the society?

What does it take to be a fully socialized member of the society?

What does it take to be a fully socialized member of the society?


School: University of Georgia
Department: Sociology
Course: Introductory Sociology
Professor: Cooney
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: sociology, 1101, and beck
Cost: 25
Name: Chapter 4
Description: class and book notes
Uploaded: 01/21/2017
4 Pages 120 Views 3 Unlocks

Chapter 4 - Socialization

What does it take to be a fully socialized member of the society?

The socialization process

o Socialization: process through which people learn the expectations of society;  learn to be human  

∙ Process is more intense in younger years

∙ To be a fully socialized member of the society means to have internalized the  expected norms of that society  

 Internalization: occurs when behaviors and assumptions are learned so  thoroughly that people don’t question them, but accept them as correct.  Lessons internalized can have a powerful influence on behavior and  attitudes

∙ Socialization process guides us in how we behave within our given roles  Roles: the expected behavior associated with a given status in society  ∙ when you occupy a social role, you take on expectations of others. For  example – you observe behavior, language, dress, and music tastes of college students as a freshman

What is the difference between one's notion of self and self-identity?

Nature and Nurture: 2 things simultaneously occurring Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of technological determinism?

o Nature = biological components; what is natural / genetics o Nurture = what you learn (can control what turns genes on and off); what  is social  

o What makes us human?

∙ They both do; complex interaction of both – nature provides a certain  stage for what is possible, but society provides a full drama of what  we become  

 Ex: someone may be born with great capacity for knowledge,  without a good education, those people are unlikely to reach full  potential  

Views of Socialization

Symbolic interaction: idea that human’s actions are based on the meanings  people attribute to behavior; these meanings emerge through social  interaction

From which stages does identity emerge?

Self: is what we imagine we are; a person’s identity that is socially sustained  o Charles H. Cooley “Looking Glass Self”

∙ May feel positive, smart, attractive. Everyone different. Where do they  come from?

∙ The way we feel about ourselves is related to how we interact with  people  

 Ex: You reflect on incompetency of kids or say “that was close”  affects how they feel about themselves  We also discuss several other topics like What makes hmong history stand out?
Don't forget about the age old question of How is stimulus detected in homeostasis?

∙ The development of the looking glass self comes from  

 How we think we appear to others

 How we think others judge us  

 How the first two make us feel – proud, embarrassed, or other  feelings

∙ It is the perception of how others see us and the effect of other’s  judgment on us – you use how people react to you and use as a  reflection of ourselves

Chapter 4 - Socialization

 Ex: guy with ½ of face gone, don’t look good. People never invited  him because they didn’t want to look at him. This makes one  socially isolated and people denied him. This can make somebody  sad and reinforce how you think about yourself

 Ex: critical parents, make a child feel more cautious about what  they do  

o George H. Meads “Role Playing”/ “Taking the role of the other”:  putting oneself into the point of view of another

∙ Role taking: learning how to take up your social role; source of self awareness

 Ex: being a sister, student  If you want to learn more check out What are the effects of 1930 economic depression?

∙ Identity emerges from three stages:

 Imitation Stage: children merely copy the behavior of those  around them  

∙ role taking nonexistent because the child is mimicking the  behavior of those around them without understanding of social  meaning of the behavior

 Play stage: children begin to take on roles of significant people in  their environment, not just imitating, but incorporating their  relationship to the other.

∙ Children begin to take on role of significant others We also discuss several other topics like What is meant by dermatology?

∙ Significant others: most important someone in your life; close  affiliation

o Ex: child to mother

o Point at which you separate – when friends come into  

picture, or when child begins to care about what friends,  

wear, say, do, or listen to.

 Game Stage: children become capable of taking on multiple roles  at the same time and begin to understand system of social  relationships in which they are located  

∙ Generalized other: the reference of noting that there is a  generalized societal expectation – abstract knowledge of social  roles and social expectations which is based on one’s social  position (different culture depending on race, class, gender,  religion, region) Don't forget about the age old question of What is the purpose of a scatterplot?

∙ Reference group: group you are a part of now or that you want to be  like – referencing your behavior to what you want to be like Psychoanalytic theory: study on the importance of the internal unconscious  mind  

o Sigmund Freud’s Conflict Model: the idea that the unconscious mind  shapes human behavior.  

∙ ID: individual selfish needs and desires; impulses - “I WANT”

Chapter 4 - Socialization

 Ex: kid playing with toy and other kid wants, they take it, because  they want. Telling them to share and that your I WANTS don’t always dominate  

∙ Superego: about societies needs for order and structure; the  standards of society and morality– “We shouldn’t do that”  ∙ EGO – moderating force; about reason and common sense - “find  comprise”

 If absent, there is probably psychotic behavior

Agents of Socialization

o Socialization agents: people, sources, or structures that pass on social  expectations

o Who does the socializing?

∙ Interactive

 Family: first source of socialization and is where children are  introduced to the expectations of society.  

∙ Children learn to view themselves through their parents’ eyes,  and how parents define and treat a child is crucial to a child’s  sense of self

 School:  

 Peers: those with who you interact with on equal terms such as  friends, fellow students, and coworkers.  

∙ without peer approval, most find it hard to feel socially  

accepted, this can cause conformity because most groups  (cliques) are based on a sense of exclusive member ship  

∙ The media: tv, internet, games  

 influences values we form, our images of society, our desires of  ourselves, and our relationships  

∙ ex: if you see a new car on tv every-day or people drinking a  particular beer at a party, you feel those will give you a status  distinction, and that beer makes all parties better

 Does tv socialize children?  

∙ Tv is a one-way transmission (interaction)and it does have an  effect, but it can’t be determined exactly how  

∙ Ex: does violent tv make someone more violent?

o One watches violent tv, and other does not. Then when the  kids play together, the kid that watched violent tv was more  violent or accepting of it  

Socialization in adulthood

o Desocialization: mortification in total institutions; periods where someone changes your behavior  

∙ Death of one’s self-identity (old self)

 Ex: becoming a mon – learn new customs and forget old you

Chapter 4 - Socialization

 Ex: Marines make people counterintuitive. Use young because it is  easier to change someone young than someone old. Takes away  social identity and makes them all the same  

o Resocialization: “birth” of new self-identity; old social roles are radically  altered or replaced  

∙ After marines, this occurs. Rids old self and recreates someone new  that takes all orders and isn’t not selfish (doesn’t think of their own life), and to accomplish ANY mission.

o Occupational Socialization: Anticipatory Socialization  ∙ Trying to make transition (conversion) from a student to a physician  Ex: Med school gives costumes so you begin to feel like a physician.  It is a way to ease into your new identity. Confidence and more  comes from interning

o Socialization for death: you have to accept it and be content with it.

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