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ISU / Politics / POL 140 / What is the map of freedom in the world?

What is the map of freedom in the world?

What is the map of freedom in the world?

Description

School: Illinois State University
Department: Politics
Course: Introduction to the Politics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America
Professor: Osaore aideyen
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: pol
Cost: 50
Name: Intro to Pol of Africa, Asia, and Latin America
Description: This is a study guide made based off of notes from in class and questions to help out along with the answers to them.
Uploaded: 01/22/2017
7 Pages 47 Views 1 Unlocks
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Introduction to the Politics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America 


What is the map of freedom in the world?



Study Guide 

Map of Freedom in the world: *Shows freedom in the world*

∙ Space of Freedom expands and contracts

∙ Almost an invisible grid of state boundaries

Global Distribution of the World:  

­Actors and their power capabilities­

∙ Who are Actors?

o Nation­States, Corporations, Terrorist organizations, and criminal organizations.  ∙ What are their Power Capabilities?

o Military, Economic, Population, Soft ideology.

* Global politics is constantly changing*

Power Relations: Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of hyperosmotic solution in biology?

* Nation states are the union of power*


What is the global distribution of the world?



∙ How can power be looked at?

o By satisfaction in the world

Freedom Score: 

∙ Freedom score equation= PR+CL/2

o Free= 1.0­2.5

o Partly Free= 3.0­5.0

o Not Free= 5.5­7.0

∙ Political Rights(PR) and Civil Rights(CL) can go from 1­7 in Freedom Score. *The lower the number the better* Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of the life-course-persistent pathway in criminology?

Political Rights:  

1. Electoral Process (1­12)

2. Political Pluralism and Participation (1­16)

3. Functioning of Government (1­12)

Civil Liberties: 

4. Freedom of Expression and Belief (1­16)


How can power be looked at?



5. Association/ Organization Rights (1­12)

∙ Freedom of Assembly

∙ Freedom for Trade Union Don't forget about the age old question of What is the method used by both social science and natural science?

6. Rule of Law (1­16)

∙ Independent Judiciary

∙ Equal Treatment Under the Law

7. Personal Autonomy/ Individual Rights

∙ Freedom to Own Property/business 

∙ Equal Opportunity

What are the Score and Ratings for Political Rights and Civil Liberty? Political Rights: 

Score 

Rating

 36­40

1

30­35

2

24­29

3

18­23

4

12­17

5

6­11

6

0­5

7

If you want to learn more check out Who is defined as a criminal?

Civil Liberty:

Score 

Rating

53­60

1

44­52

2

35­43

3

26­34

4

17­25

5

8­16

6

0­7

7

State Trajectory of Power in The World: 

∙    What will it describe

o Power in the world

o Change

Overlapping Crisis  Xenophobic Sentiments  10th consecutive decline in Global Freedom                                Authoritarian Crackdown  If you want to learn more check out Is the world good or evil?

What is Xenophobic Sentiment?

∙ Fear of foreigners

What is Authoritarian Crackdown? Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of naturalistic observation in psychology?

∙ Gains Power

Overlapping Crises: 

∙ War in Syria

∙ Slowdown of China’s economic  

growth

War in Syria­ Created several reparations.

Slow of China’s economic growth­ Used up all resources to try and keep growth going up, but  eventually started slowing down.

*Commodity Prices were used*

What are commodity Prices?

∙ Occurs when prices are dropped 

Leading Democracies in Distress: 

What led Democracies in Distress?

∙ Democratic world’s inability to present unified and credible worthy strategy to end war in Syria and the dealing of refugees.

∙ U.S. is suffering “a crisis of confidence in its democratic institutions and international  role.”

o Is there an Erosion of Democracy?

Capitalism: 

∙ What is Capitalism?

o System based on the private ownership of capital.

Private Ownership of Capital: 

∙ What are the Rules?

o Only private owners of capital can play the game. Like a poker game. o There should be “arbiters” to ensure that players obey the rules and “police” for  protection against non­capitalists.

Example­ Purpose of getting money is not to get more money. It is to satisfy your needs. 

∙ What is the New Rule?

o The game should be democratized and competitiveness kept under control. Profits: 

∙ What is a Profit?

o Standard for judging the success or failure of capital or any other endeavor. ∙ What are the Rules:

o Following the profit motive is guarantee of success.

o Older Rule­ Profit motive is wrong.

o Everything can be capitalized.

o Older Rule­ The most valuable things are not for sale.

Markets: 

∙ What are the Market Rules?

o Everything should be organized like markets and be about money.

o Everything I need to satisfy my consumer needs should be available and  affordable in markets. I should be informed about market fluctuations. 

∙ What are the New Rules?

o Many important things should not be dependent on markets, such as healthcare or  education.

o Being is not about consuming­ The higher the level of consumption, the better we  will be. 

Protective Role of The State: 

∙ What are the Rules?

o States must have the legitimate monopoly of the use of force to protect the  RULES of capitalism.

∙ What are the New Rules?

o States must have the legitimate monopoly of the use of force to protect the  PEOPLE from capitalism. 

Consequences of Capitalism: *Reasons for having New Rules*

1. Overexploitation of Nature:

∙ Many names and manifestations; climate changes, global warming, pollution, and  environmental decay.

o Global Economy­

 Too much CO2 

 Too much non­recyclable garbage

 Too many things people don’t need

 Too many harmful things

 Obscene excess

∙ Why is this threat not taken seriously?

o A: Resistance from people who already enjoy high levels of income and  consumption

o A: Resistance from people with very low income and consumption levels. o A: Technological Hubris

Financial Instability: 

∙ What is the problem?

o Too much financial capital, relative to capacity to pay. 

∙ What is the consequence?

o Overexploitation of people (to avoid financial meltdown).

Growing Inequality: 

∙ What is the problem?

o A minority (1% or 10% of the people) is getting a larger share of total income and wealth.

o Higher levels of inequality are associated with all forms of social dysfunction. o New rules for financial disclosure.

Consequence of New Rules: 

∙ “Rules of Capitalism” are causing the destruction of people and nature, financial  instability, and growing inequality.

Peter Smith: Talons of the Eagle: 

∙ Global World

o Relationship between United States and Latin America

*United States has been beneficial to Latin America*

Global Political System: 

∙ Composed of nation­states 

o Nation­states condition within and without.

∙ What do nation­states compete for?

o Geopolitical and economic interests, but “cloaked in the uplifting idiom of a  moral purpose 

*nation­states are always competing against each other*

Smith’s Advice: 

∙ Be careful and don’t follow the mouth and watch out about cloaking things.  ∙ Foreign policy represents the interest of the ruling class

∙ The global political system is about power relations

∙ (Leslie Gelbe 2009: pg. 32­33) Quote Smith used to explain how power expressed itself.

Types of Global Political System: 

    1.    (1790s­1930s) Rules of Imperial Order: 

a.   “The Americans thought of themselves as an empire at the outset of their national  existence” (pg. 14­14). 

b.   Balance of power, 1648 Peace of Westphalia­ “this principle assured that national politics would consist of relations among nation­states. 

∙    What was the purpose of a balance of power?

o Prevent domination by any single European nation (pg.16).

c.   Balance was only applied to establish European nation­states, not other parts of  the world

∙    How could Imperialism be accomplished?

o Done through conquest and incorporation; subjugation, colonization, and creation  of a sphere of influence.

    d.        1823Monroe Doctrine: The American continents “are henceforth not to be  considered as subject for future Colonization by any European power.”

U.S Creates a Sphere of Influence: 

∙ 1898 Spanish­ American War:

o Expelled Spain

o Protectorates over Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines ∙ 1903 Taking of the Panama Canal Zone:

∙ 1904 Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine:

∙ What must the U.S. do to keep Europeans out?

o May have to assume “international police power.”

∙ Dollar Diplomacy in Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and Haiti ∙ 1898­1934 More than 30 U.S military interventions “in the name of democracy.”

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