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Unit 2 Study Guide

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by: Helen Shymanski

Unit 2 Study Guide COLL-X112

Marketplace > Indiana University > COLL-X112 > Unit 2 Study Guide
Helen Shymanski
GPA 3.7
IU Traditions and Culture

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IU Traditions and Culture
Study Guide
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Helen Shymanski on Sunday April 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to COLL-X112 at Indiana University taught by in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 294 views.


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Date Created: 04/12/15
COLLX 112 Study Guide IUAM Part 1 Established in 1941 the Center Gallery of the IU Art Museum has extended rapidly 1973 it had outgrown two previous locations so the Board of Trustees commission lM Pei and Partners to design the geometric shapes that now house the art museum 0 Pei designed wings in the National Gallery of Art in DC the Pyramide du Louvre in Paris and Cornell University39s art museum 30000 objects paintings prints drawings photographs sculpture ceramics jewelry and textiles What are Drawing Materials 0 Pencils ink charcoal crayons chalks and pastels are used for drawing 0 ln drawing the color of the support which is most often paper What are Supports o The surface material or object on which an artist paints draws or prints 0 Characterized by whether they are exible such as canvas and paper or rigid such as wood panel or plaster 0 Flexible support is lighter 0 Rigid support is more durable Acrylic Paint 0 Pigment mixed with a synthetic binder o Widely used in mid20th century 0 Dry quickly mixed with a variety of ingredients such as sand water 0 Create ne precise lines as well as thick broad strokes Frescos 0 Made with pigments mixed with water and applied on wet plaster o The chemical reaction that occurs during the drying process makes the pigments part of the plaster o Susceptible to damage from dampness and high humidity Oil Paint 0 Pigment mixed with oil usually linseed oil 0 Applied thinly or thickly with a ne brush for precise and delicate line or with a coarse brush spatula or some other tool to create broad or rough areas of color Tempera Paint 0 Pigment mixed with water and a binder most frequently egg yolk o Tempera can t be applied thickly nor can colors be blended on the painting surface Water Color 0 Pigment combined with a watersoluble binder and mixed with water 0 Known for their translucent quality enabling an artist painting on white paper to create highlights with the paper itself instead of the pigment Relief Printmaking 0 Image is created by cutting away the background of the block or plate 0 Woodcut is a common form The image is created by cutting away parts of a wood block with the uncut areas receiving the ink Intaglio Printmaking o The image is created by cutting into a bock or plate 0 The ink lls those recessed areas and is transferred to paper Engraving the image is incised on a block or plate Etching the image is created using acid on a copper plate Lithography o The image is drawn on a stone or plate with a greasy pencil or liquid and treated so that it accepts the ink while the surrounding area does not Silkscreen o A stencil of the image is attached to a mesh material 0 The stencil blocks the ink or paint that is passed through the mesh onto the support Stone 0 An artist uses a variety of techniques including drilling lling and polishing o The properties of the particular type of stone that is chosen determine the speci c tools and techniques Antiquity marble has been a popular stone for sculpture Q m olto Naturally occurring material that can be modeled and shaped when wet but becomes hard when dried and red Pottery wheel handbuilding or molds Marks or patterns may be incised Color may be added before or after ring 000 3 D ri U Iron aoys bronze etc Cast melted then poured into a mold and allowed to harden Iron is shaped by forging beating with a hammer May be formed into sheets Patination occurs naturally over time through corrosion or use or it may be created chemically as part of the artist39s original intent Wood 0 An artist considers its grain hardness and receptivity to pigment or stain o Ebony is more durable than soft ones Found Objects o Objects that may be used to create a work of art but which are not usually thought of as artists39 materials 0 Natural or manmade Scale the size of an object in relation to another OOOOO Shape the quality of an object describing its boundaries or edges Color the attribute of an object that can be describe in terms of hue value and saturation o Hue the attribute of a color that allows us to describe it as red yellow blue etc 0 Value lightness or darkness of a color 0 Saturation the intensity of a color its brightness or dullness Form a 3dimensional rendition of a shape Proportion relative size of parts to each other or to the whole Learning to Look Line a long think mark frequently serving to outline or de ne the edge of a shape or form Texture the surface quality of an artwork either actual or visual Rhythm repetition of similar elements Balance the creation of a sense of equilibrium between parts of a composition First Floor Gallerv Art of the Western World Medieval throuoh Modern 17th century ordinary human events share the stage with more spiritual concers Post19th century the popularity of landscape portrait and stilllife increased in Europe and America Experimental of the Modern artists occurred in the 20th century Second Floor Gallery Ancient and Asian Collections Exhibit spans 7000 years from prehistory to the Byzantine Asian collections spans from India to Japan including India Tibet Nepalese and Southeast Asian Third Floor Art from Africa Oceania and the Americas Ravmond and Laura Wieolus Gallery Maps photomurals labels and gallery lea ets place the nearly 500 objects on display in their geographic and cultural settings Paintings Master of the Holy Kinship o Illustrates a story from the New Testament telling how 3 foreign kings followed a star to Bethlehem to worship the newly born Jesus 0 Gifts of gold frankincense and myrrh 0 Artist paid careful attention to natural details making this ancient Bible story directly relatable to 15th century viewers Contemporary faces and buildings 0 Made for a church in Richterich in Germany 0 Originally one of the three panel altarpiece American Harvesting 0 Middle 19th century the American landscape came to represent the special qualities of the new nation 0 Americans might feel raw and uncivilized they characterized older cultures as decadent and burdened as the past 0 Found religious and political meaning the study of nature Jackson Pollock 0 Focus on pure color and large arm and bodysized movements 0 He applied paint by dripping or pouring it on the canvas 0 Rawly physical and emotional visual language of abstract expressionism Amphora o Amasis Painter was one of the foremost painters of black gure cases in Athens in the 6th century 0 Created harmony between the decoration and the shape of the pots 0 Front and back of the vessel each show similar symmetrical composition in a panel 0 Dionysus depicted on jar God of Wine 0 Elaborate vessels were not owned by regular people and used for special occasions Bust of Septimius Severus o The emperor is represented in military garb wearing a traveling tunic and a fringed paludamentum clasped at the shoulder with a brooch o ldealized likeness o Portraiture for political purpose Shiva Nataraja o Lostwax process of casting bronze o Depicts Shiva under a aming horseshoe shaped arch symbolizing the universe 0 One foot on the dwarf symbolizing ignorance Edo Peoples 0 Head represents a deceased King of Benin and was placed on a shrine honoring him o It does not depict his physical likeness o Beaded royal regalia indicates that this is the king and the three lines above each eye signs of authority for the Edo emphasize that he is someone who must be obeyed 0 Cast lostwax process the head also conveys Edo beliefs about kingship o The impassive expression relates to ideas about the importance of a ruler39s stability and calmness 0 Brass dif cult to damage reminds viewers of the continuity and permanence of the continuity o Meant to hold carved ivory Figure for a Sacred Flute o The extraordinary large head and expansive forehead stif y hanging arms proportionally small torso and legs and enlarged genitalia are all characteristic of Biwat gures Notable for added materials which have ceremonial and prestige signi cance in New Guinea Suggest owner39s wealth Biwat play transverse utes on important occasions o Flute stopper 0 Some describe the stopper of enhancing the importance of the utes while others suggest it is to prevent the escape of the spiritual voices the utes were believed to contain Seated Figure 0 PreColumbian gures is one of many clay and stone objects associated with the Olmec o Obese and indeterminate sex slit eyes and downturned mouth 0 Fat God a poorly understood deity connected with excess or they may represent overfed rulers or priests obese eunuchs or persons with genetic or endocrine abnormalities 0 Alfred Kinsey Sex Research Herman B Wells had to make a decision about whether or not to allow Kinsey s research to continue at IU Kinsey as an lU biologist from 1920 to 1956 A world authority involved in basic scienti c research There were huge gaps in sexual knowledge Most books on the topic were based on philosophical religious and moral ideas not empirical data Thurman Rice a professor at the IU School of Medicine echoed others who believed quotsexual behavior could not be analyzed by scienti c methodsquot Kinsey gathered data in the form of individual sex histories 0 18000 histories His books Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and the Sexual Behavior in the Human Female were written for a small audience of academics and clinicians 200000 copies were sold for the male book His ndings on masturbation sexual preference and sexual activity were controversial and he was attached as promoting immortality The national discourse on premarital sex homosexuality masturbation and extramarital sex changed view of sex Wells believed that lU Board should stand rm in our support of the book and research We are not called upon to endorse the ndings but are called upon to stand rm in support of the importance of the project and its right to be pubHshed Wells played an essential role in supporting Kinsey s research Empirical evidence 0 First a question is posed hypothesis 0 Evidence bearing on the truth of the matter is collected data 0 Research reports are created Taxonomist o A specialist in the study of the principles and practices of scienti c classi cation of species 0 Limitless variations of living creatures o Studied Gall Wasps Before Kinsey studies were based on small homogeneous samples of the general population Baconian inductivist o Kinsey s ambitious goal as to collect 100000 sex histories o Kinsey abandoned the questionnaire method used in some other studies and rede ned the intensive interviewing technique that he developed 0 Sex histories were collected through facetoface interviews Questions were interlocking so if the subject was not entirely truthful the interviewer would be able to backtrack or even confront the subject 350 questions An average interview took 34 of an hour for a young person and many hours for an older one with more sexual experience 16 hours for a male pedophile in New Mexico 0 The Project It took at least six months to become a pro cient interviewer Hired three men Project Findings 0 Kinsey looked at prevalence and frequency of sex different sexual outlets Related each factor of age educational level marital status occupation decade of birth and religion 0 Findings for Men 92 of males masturbated 37 had at least one homosexual experience leading to orgasm 50 had extramarital sex quotthe living world is a continuumthe sooner we learn this concerning human sexual behavior the sooner we shall reach a sound understanding of the realities of sexquot 0 Kinsey was criticized for studying only sexual behavior not emotions orlove 0 Findings for Women 5940 interviews 30 of women reported premarital petting to sexual climax 50 had premarital intercourse 16 had at least one homosexual experience Kinsey s Legacy 0 Wrote the widely used textbook Introduction to Biology 1926 0 First offered quotMarriage Coursequot called quotCupid39s Coursequot by the students in the summer of 1938 The course was an immediate hit and within a year the marriage course had a registration of 245 students james H jones Alfred C Kinsey A PublicPrivate Life calls Kinsey a homosexual masochist and condemns his science as tainted by deviant sexual behavior jonathan GathorneHardy Sex the Measure ofAI Things A Life ofAfred C Kinsey paints a sympathetic portrait of a scientist concerned for people frustrated by society s sexual mores and beleaguered by criticism of his work to make sex a topic society understand more fully and talk more openly Dr Sex a musical comedy about Kinsey premiered in 2003 o Centered on Kinsey and his wife Clara and their handsome boyfriend Dr Judith Reisman has carried out a onewoman campaign against the Kinsey Institute since the early 19805 charging Kinsey and his associates with quotchild sex atrocitiesquot CREST quotLook MomNo cavitiesquot was the 38th most successful ad slogan in American history Tooth and gum decay were very common in the middle of the 19th century There was no special training or license needed The rule of thumb was to extract any tooth that hurt 1879 Indiana Dental College in Indianapolis 0 School was a forpro t business 0 Had no connection to either IU or to the state 0 Graduates could practice dentistry legally without formal certi cation by the State Dental Examining Board Required by law in 1879 to be examined By the early 20th century dentists were seeking to raise standards for dental practice and training 1925 the State paid to buy the college and incorporate it into IU Wells administration reduced the size of the dental faculty Frank C Mathers o A faculty member of lU s Chemistry Department 0 First to isolate the element uorine which he did before WWI o Fluorine is a highly poisonous highly corrosive gas and most reactive of all chemical elements 0 When mixed it becomes uoride Harry G Day mid 19405 0 Came to lU from John Hopkins 0 Researched centered on the health effects of dietary de ciencies such as zinc and other metals 0 Taught advanced chemistry classes 0 Muhler a student in his course decided to investigate the effects of uorine on dental caries o Muhler began experimenting with Mather39s old uorine that he found in the basement Muhler returned for his PhD in chemistry Muhler and Day were granted research money from the government to nd out more about tooth decay 0 Got permission to study 1200 school children in Bloomington to test stannous uoride 0 The results were impressive for the stannous uoride Verling M Votaw graduated from lU with a BS in chemistry worked at PampG 0 He was approached to help commercialize the toothpaste 0 Some people worried about the quotclose industrial connectionquot The Scientist39s View o The ndings from basic scienti c research at universities are reported publicly as soon as possible In the interest of scienti c discovery sharing data is crucial to further successful research Procter amp Gamble39s View 0 Because it is a private corp PampG had pro t not scienti c publications as its goal They wanted to keep results about their new and improved product secret from their rivals Who Gets the Money 1952 Harry Day for lU entered into a memo of agreement with PampG o PampG would be given progress reports from IU o quotDiscoveries improvements inventions and patentsquot The Crest Kids 0 1953 IU set up a Quonset hut which become the of cial toothpaste distribution center and examination room 0 20000 tubes of Crest were handed out 0 Did face ethical problems at the beginning 0 Stannous uoride reduces cavities by 65 with regular brushing and dental checkups Crest became the rst toothpaste to be approved by the American Dental Association Extremists called uoridation a quotcommie plotquot Fluoridation of public drinking water 0 Ethical question The main building was built in 1855 The valuable library of rare books assembled by rst President Andrew Wylie also perished Science Hall was erected in 1873 0 Scienti c paraphernalia occupied a large part of this building The Owen collection was purchased by IU in 1871 from the family of David Dale Owen who collected most off the specimens and was the brother of lU Professor Richard Owen 1867 Owen39s title was changed from Professor of Natural Philosophy to Professor of Natural Science 0 Owen was part of the family that did much to shape the early history of Indiana 0 His father came from Scotland to live in New Harmony a utopian socialist experiment 1862 US Congress passed the Morrill Act set aside more land grants for sale with revenues to be used for education in agriculture and mechanical arts lU President Cyrus Nutt o Argued to the Indiana General Assembly that a new agriculture college should be built in Bloomington 0 Mr John Purdue Esquire of Lafayette offered 100000 of his own money to support a new University that would bear his name 1867 Sarah Parke Morrison daughter of an lU trustee but not at the time of her application petitioned for admission to the University and she was accepted lU became one of the rst public universities in the US to admit women on the identical terms as men following the example of small private colleges like Oberlin College and Antioch College Morrison was admitted with advanced standing and graduated with the class of 1869 as the rst female to take her degree from IU o 11 other women students had joined her 0 Morrison was also the rst woman teacher Active in the temperance movement religion and politics Famous Faculty 0 What the faculty lacked in number they made up for in intellectual repower quotBig Fourquot quotSages of the Sixtiesquot 0 quotDean of American Astronomersquot Daniel Kirkwood is one of lU s most famous scientists o Theophilus A Wylie was a professor of chemistry and physics He was also a classical scholar author of the rst history of IU and a Presbyterian minister Elisha Ballantine was hired in 1863 as a professor of mathematics 0 He ended up teaching algebra surveying analytical geometry calculus civil engineering Greek French and German 0 lU Professor Richard Owen was a wellrespected geologist who was also elected the rst president of Purdue o Cyrus Nutt was 5th president in 1860 Preacher presidents The Course Catalogue Sixty different courses were offered at IU in 1867 Majors didn39t come into existence for another two decades 1830s an lU student would have been asked to master one subject 1867 the goal is to provide breadth of learning Students could choose one of two tracks Classical course Scienti c course 0 The classics and humanities dominated everything Indiana College became Indiana University in 1838 0 When the state gave it the authority to grant degrees in law and medicine 1842 School of Law 0 Liberal arts portion of lU became known as quotthe Collegequot Boguses to poke fun at just about everything and anyone 0 A bogus was usually a mock publication 0 They were quite innocent In 1871 they wanted their own voice so the Hesperian Society 0 A male student who spied on one of their meetings was surprised to nd that quotthe girls had minds and ideas of their ownquot as they debated women39s rights to the vote The Student began publication in 1867 0 Was revived for good in 1882 and became the Indiana Daily Student 0 00000 In the 19th century IU students identi ed themselves as members of a particular class 0 Each class had a color and a motto to show its solidarity o Tremendous rivalry between classes in sports oratory and pranks 1867 the rst organized athletic team was formed at IU Rivalries began to shift from class against class to school against school 1888 cream and crimson adopted its colors 0 Hail to Old lU 1892 Senior serenade ended in 1874 Population had grown to over 200 by 1885 o lU was a muddy place to be after rains and there were no brick or concrete paths Owen and Wylie Halls were distinctive because they were both built of brick Almost every other building was made out of limestone The style emulated wealthy villas built during the Renaissance in Tuscany a province in northern Italy 0 The skinny tall windows 0 Large brackets that hold up the cornice an overhanging part of its at roof First Asian student was Takekuma Okada from Japan 1891 There were no known African American students in 1885 Dormitories were still not yet a feature of the IU campus and most students took room and board at family homes in the area Jordan Hall 0 Selected as President in 1885 David StarrJordan was an ichthyologist appointed in 1879 to the IU biology faculty 0 He left lU to become the rst president of Stanford University in California Bryan Hall 0 William Lowe Bryan was associated with lU for 78 years 0 He made his reputation in experimental psychology in 18905 Woodburn Hall 0 Received his doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in 1890 and retired in 1934 after 45 years at IU Rawles Hall 0 He became the rst dean of the School of Commerce and Finance 0 Rawles was dean until he was replaced in 1935 by Herman B Wells 3 courses of instruction 0 Ancient Classics 0 Modern Classics 0 Natural Science Two different grading scales 0 Freshman sophomore excellent good passed conditioned and not passed 0 Juniors seniors passed or not passed Only 13 departments 0 Many students complained that the courses were out of touch o 1885 moved away from the Classics as the core of its curriculum Burning of Horace o All freshman and sophomores had to read Horace a Roman lyric poet in the original language Latin 0 They hated it it was dull and dif cult Ceremoniously burned Bloomington has always hosted world famous people who spoke about major issues of the day 0 Henry Ward Beecher a famous minister abolitionist and father of Harriet Beecher Stowe drew 800 people to a lecture in 1886 o Mikhail Gorbachev Dalai Lama Lech Walesa Alice Walker Johnny Cochran and Judy Chicago Organized University walkabouts were called tramps o Looked for Trailing Arbutus Harvey Young was the rst African America student at IU arrived in the early 18805 0 Did not nish his degree 0 Elected in 1883 as an associate orator for the dedication of one of the society halls Marcellus Neal would graduate with a bachelor39s degree in mathematics in 1895 o Named the Black Culture Center after him and Frances Marshall 0 Marshall was the rst African American woman to graduate There was a deadly u epidemic in 1918 Classes were suspended for nearly a month and 350 patients were hosp a zed 54 men 46 women 0 Only 77 students come from outside the state 0 17 students were international o 008 African American Hoagland Howard Carmichael Hoagy graduated with a law degree from IU 1926 and wrote unforgettable songs like quotStardustquot Beula Jones 150 professors o A number of women served in nontenured positions 0 1922 women became full professors at IU Juliette Maxwell 0 Wanted to be a medical doctor but it was not an option at the time 0 She became instructor of PE for women Lillian Gay Berry 0 Professor of Latin 0 Head of her department Jim Thorpe 0 Native American quotWaThoHuckquot o Taught kicking and gave kicking exhibitions at halftime on Jordan Field 0 Played early profootball Professor Kinsey o Noted specialist in the gall wasp Other changes on campus 0 Gothic features 0 Arches above the doorways come to a point at the top 0 Different Romanesque style 0 3 story building is made from Bedford limestone and decorated with shields and round oral patterns known as rosettes University Commons 0 In the Student Building where meals would run about 5 per week 0 Room and board 250 0 The rst private women39s dormitories had been built in 1925 The Jordan River Revue o A student run musical variety that toured the state and sold tickets to popular shows Book Nook 0 Favorite campus hang out 0 Now the Gables Restaurant 0 Hoagy composed quotStardustquot Memorial Fund drive began in 1920 o Raised 1600000 to build parts of the IMU


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