COMMSTUDYGUIDE#2.pdf Comm. 3597.02 Media and Terrorisim
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Leathers on Sunday April 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Comm. 3597.02 Media and Terrorisim at Ohio State University taught by Jonathan Anderegg in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 159 views.
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Date Created: 04/12/15
COMM Media and Terrorism Exam 2 Study Guide Week 8 Cultivation Theory More time spent watching TV more likely to perceive the real world in ways that reflect the most common reoccurring messages of the world of fictional TV Focus is on TV as the primary storyteller of our age Looks at overall impact of TV not individual messages communicator goals or viewer goals but the summative effect Perceptions of violence Show minorities women young and old being underrepresented with overrepresentation of white collar workers TV acts as a religionbinding social force The impact of television on society Fear of crime increase Can t be too careful mindset increase Chance of violence idea increase TV has the power to change perceptions Mainstreaming Media exposure homogenizes our perceptions of the world reinforcing the current perception of the status quo Heavy TV consumption moderates the influence of ideology politics race same sex marriage etc Hypothetical poor perceive through experienceexperiment and the more TV the more opinions converge Just World Belief Fictional narrative TV consumption leading to quotjust world perception Mean World Syndrome Points to TV news consumption leading to quotmean world perception Resonance TV will influence the way we see the world most when it resonates with your own experience Active vs Passive Audience Homogenous programming provided to a passive audience Audiences are goal directed Passive couch potato yes but the average person seeks out TV to fulfill specific needs info entertainment community etc Sleeper Effects Initial resistance to underlying world view perceptions and attitudes formed online in the moment but long term influence probabilityjudgments about the world based on memory and heuristic devices WikiLeaks Documentary Iceland bank scamIraq helicopter videoWar secrets Government secrets put people in danger Caused embarrassment national security issue Bradley Manning espionage Julian Assange Wiki Leaks Australian hacker Revealing secrets VVeek9 Definition of Myth Myth one of the primary functions is to explain what cannot be easily explained Bible stories Says nothing about factual base People argue that the news plays the role of modern mythic storyteller as the recurring news cycle shows new yet predictable stories Accuracy vs Consistency Motivation Accuracy as close to the truth as possible Consistent internally logical with preexisting opinion Traditional journalism vs Alternative news sources Traditional Journalists never exclusively owned the truth and now have ceded the role of speaking truth to power Alternative news source making it all better Who gets to shape the stories s media now just a circus of amateur town criers in a relativistic nebulous world in which actual political power economic interests real conflict are left unchallenged ActionReaction cycle Positive reinforcement cycle in which competing forces escalate violence in the face of threat Threat Narrative Narrative Punctuation how we begin and end certain events escalationpunctuation change Choosing a beginning a goal and content Insulting someone heshe has no other option than to react with insult or violence in order to defend and even the playing field VVeek11 Panopticon A circular prison with cells arranged around a central well from which prisoners could at all times be observed Surveillance and behavior modification Surveillance encourages adherence to social norms Social Media amp Privacy Desire for both connection publicity and protection privacy Almost everything we do is a part of a public self Publicity vs Privacy Observation increases prosocial behaviors in society voting charitable donations decrease crime How much can we trust current power structure or societal consensus to be in everyone s best interests Terror Management Theory People construct world views partially to avoid death anxiety When that worldview is threatened anxiety increases Threatened by alternate worldviews and death related events Proximal vs Distal Reactions Proximal initial reactions conscious rational cognitive distortion Distal distant worldview defenseselfesteem enhancing can be positive and negative Mortality Salience An individual becomes aware that hisher death is inevitable Said to cause existential anxiety that may be buffered by one s cultural worldview andor sense of selfesteem VVeek12 Framing sources and influences Selecting what information goes into the visual picture Determines the central ideaobject of the storypicture Central organized idea or story line that provides meaning to unfolding strip of events Standpoint convergence of identities where you are Perspective what and how you see the issue based on your standpoint There are many frames because there are many standpoints and perspectives but trends will emerge overtime Episodic vs Thematic framing of events Episodic individual event Thematic societal problem Ex Boston bombing Social Judgment Theory Range of extremes fully American proud vs America is an evil empire Trying to find the middle message to appeal to both extremes The influence of Obama s Cairo speech on international relations Obama won peace prize shortly after quotEveryone should work together to weed out the extremist groups Less we use our power the greater it ll be Want to defend citizens and respect sovereigns The interpretation of Obama s Cairo speech on shifts in foreign policy quotWe can do a little but it s more about the mindset and the actions of the people Prohibited torture by the US View Islam as it is and not as what it s not VVeek13 Cognitive vs Emotional differences in 911 Responses TV coverage of 911 showed much higher prevalence of emotion when compared to newspaper coverage Positive vs Negative emotions TV news use correlates with greater prevalence of negative emotion afraid uneasy angry Differences between television and newspapers TV will be more emotional than newspapers Cho Et Al TV prefer breaking news cycles of good visuals and personality driven events Newspaper shifted to focus on more indepth analytical coverage Factors affecting reactions to mediated traumatic events Resonance with ones life and who the victims of the event are Children aren t able to create an accurate likelihood of risk poorly understood causality of events At young ages one can t tell the difference between fantasy and reality Week 14 Horatian vs Juvenalian Humor Elaboration Likelihood Model Outcome of humor as framing device Counterarguing Role of satire within society Role of humor within serious debate Irony
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