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GC&SU / Kinesiology / KINS 2331 / What is meant by dermatology?

What is meant by dermatology?

What is meant by dermatology?


School: Georgia College & State University
Department: Kinesiology
Course: Medical Terminology
Professor: Barbara funke
Term: Spring 2017
Cost: 25
Name: Medical terminology chapter 3 notes
Description: These notes cover the terminology of the integumentary system.
Uploaded: 01/26/2017
4 Pages 37 Views 2 Unlocks

Med Term Ch 3 Notes

What is meant by dermatology?

Integumentary system

Dermatology terms

- Cutan- skin

- -ous- pertaining to

- Lesion- wound, injury, pathological change in the skin

- Systemic- pertaining to the whole body instead of one localized area - Integument- skin

- Epidermis- outer layer of skin, avascular

- Dermis- inner layer of skin, highly vascularized, nerve endings, sebaceous glands, sudoriferous glands, and hair follicles

- Subcutaneous tissue- tissue under skin

- Root forms

- Sudor- sweat gland, pore

- Hidr- sweat gland, pore

- Seb- oil gland, sebum, sebaceous

- Arteriol- arteriole

- Ven- venule

- Neur- nerve

What is a hematoma?

- Cyan- blue

- Ichthy- dry, scaly

- Kerat- horny tissue, hard cornea

- Melan- black Don't forget about the age old question of When must one use the regression approach?

- Myc- fungus

- Onych- nail

- Scler- hardening, sclera

- Squam- scale

- Therm- heat

- Xer- dry

- Fat

- Adip

- Lip

- Steat

- Skin

- Cutane

- Dermat

- Derm

- Red

- Erythem

- Erythemat

- Erythr

- Sweat

- Hidr

- Sudor

- Hair

- Pil

- Trich

- Suffixes

Why is it called mohs surgery?

- Cyte- cell

- Derma- skin

- Oma- tumor

- Phoresis- carrying, transmission

- Plasty- surgical repair

- Therapy- treatment

- Prefixes

- An- without, not

- Epi- above

- Homo- same

- Hyper- excessive, above normal Don't forget about the age old question of What refers to the resistance of liquid to flow?

- Diseases and conditions

- Abrasion- scraping or rubbing away of a surface by friction

- Abscess- localized collection of pus at the site of an infection

- Furuncle- boil- abscess at the base of a hair follicle Don't forget about the age old question of What is the correlation between common sense and hindsight?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the beliefs of the populist party?

- Carbuncle- cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue

- Acne- inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedones, papules, and pustules

- Alopecia- absence or loss of hair, especially of the head, baldness - Burn- tissue injury caused by thermal, electricity, chemical, or radioactive element

- First degree- superficial

- Second degree- partial thinkness

- Third degree- full thickness

- Carcinoma- uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body- malignant cells - Melnoma- malignant tumor that originates in melanocytes and is considered the most dangerous type of skin cancer We also discuss several other topics like Why are some countries democratic?

- Comedo- discolored, dry sebum plugging an excretory duct, blackhead - Cyst- closed sac or pouch in the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material Don't forget about the age old question of What is a computer chip and when was it invented?

- Pilonidal- growth of hair in a dermoid cyst or in sinus opening of the skin - Sebaceous- cyst filled with sebum from sebaceous gland

- Eczema- redness of skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

- Gangrene- death of tissue, usually from loss of blood supply

- Hemorrhage- external or internal loss of large amount of blood in a short period - Contusion- hemorrhage of any size under unbroken skin

- Ecchymosis- skin discoloration from a large, irregularly formed


- Petechia- minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin that is a smaller version of ecchymosis

- Hematoma- raised localization of blood trapped under the skin

- Hirsutism- excessive growth of hair in unusual places

- Ichthyosis- genetic skin condition in which the skin is dry and scaly because of a defect in keratinization

- Impetigo- bacterial infection characterized by pustules that become crusted and rupture

- Keloid- overgrowth of scar tissue at the site of an injury caused by excessive collagen formation at the site of the wound

- Psoriasis- chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered in silvery scales

- Scabies- contagious skin disease transmitted by itch mites

- Skin lesions- areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound resulting from external factors of internal disease

- Tinea- fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected - Ulcer- lesion of the skin or mucous membrane marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues

- Pressure ulcer- skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, decubitus ulcer or bedsore

- Urticaria- hives

- Verruca- rounded epidermal growth caused by virus, wart

- Vesicle- small blister like elevation on the skin containing clear fluid, large vesicles called bullae

- Vitiligo- localized loss of skin pigmentation, leukoderma

- Wheal- smooth, slightly elevated skin that is white in the center, with pale red periphery, called hives in itchy

- Diagnostic procedures

- Biopsy(BX)- removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination - Skin test- any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine sensitivity

- Medical and surgical procedures

- Cytosurgery- use of freezing temperatures (usually nitrogen) to destroy abnormal tissue

- Debridement- removal of foreign tissue or material from a wound or burn to remove infection and promote healing

- Fulguration- tissue destruction by high frequency electrical current, electrodessication

- Incision and drainage- incision of a lesion, followed by the draining - Mohs surgery- surgical procedure used primarily to treat skin neoplasms in which tumor tissue is removed layer by layer for microscopic examination

- Skin graft- taking healthy tissue from one area of the body and using it to replace damaged tissue

- Allograft- tissue transplant from one person to another, homograft - Autograft- transplant of tissue from one area to another on the same person

- Synthetic- transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers - Xenograft- transplantation from foreign donor to a human, heterograft - Skin resurfacing- repairs damaged skin, acne scars, tattoo removal, wrinkles, improves skin tone

- Chemical peel- use of chemicals to remove the top layer of dead skin - Cutaneous laser- cosmetic and plastic surgery

- Dermabrasion- use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials

- Pharmacology

- Antibiotics- kill bacteria

- Antifungals- kill fungi

- Antipruritics- reduce itching

- Corticosteroids- anti-inflammatory agent that treats skin inflammation - Abbreviations

- BBC- basal cell carcinoma

- DM- diabetes mellitus

- FH- family history

- I&D- incision and drainage

- PE- physical examination, pulmonary embolism, pressure equlizing - SCC- squamous cell carcinoma

- UV- ultraviolet

- Terminology

- Bartholin gland- secrete mucus and provide vaginal lubrication

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