Popular in Geology
Popular in Geology
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Monica Huang on Monday April 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Geol370 at San Francisco State University taught by Dr.Sklar in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see Geology in Geology at San Francisco State University.
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Date Created: 04/13/15
Geology 370 California Water Study Guide and Review for Exam 2 Wednesday April 15 1035 1150 AM Exam 2 will cover material from Weeks 7 Flooding 8 Drought amp Climate Change 10 Urban Hydrology amp Lakes and 11 Dams and River Restoration General Items to ReviewStudy 0 Exam 2 will have similar types of questions as Exam 1 multiple choice true false fill in blank 0 Review all lecture slides from weeks 8 11 0 Review all iclicker review questions from weeks 8 11 0 Review all assigned reading from weeks 8 11 0 Remember to bring your Scantron form 882E Week 7 Watersheds Rivers and Floods I Watersheds o How is a watershed defined 0 Watershed components divide outlet channel network tributaryjunctions o Interbasin water transfers what are they Examples in California I Hillslope flow paths 0 Overland flow shallow subsurface flow saturated overland flow groundwater flow I Basic river concepts 0 Channel crosssection components Bank bed thalweg floodplain 0 River flow Discharge Q Width W x Depth D x Velocity V o How is discharge measured 0 How do Q W D V change from headwaters to mouth of river 0 Hydrograph what is it I River morphology 0 River systems from mountain to ocean o Sediment transport bedload suspended load 0 Planform patterns Straight meandering braided o Meander development cut bank point bar oxbow lake I Flooding 0 Definition of flood and relation to river stage 0 Types of flooding upstream vs downstream duration recurrence interval 0 Flood recurrence interval R I What does it mean when R 100 years 10 years 500 years 0 Probability P I Relationship to Recurrence interval Probability 1Rx100 I What does it mean when P 10 10 02 etc I Statistical flooding probability verses reality 0 Discharge flood frequency curve I Why is this important for infrastructure planningfloodplain regulation I Be able to read and make estimates with a Discharge vs Frequency curve 0 Causes of flooding in California I El NinoSouthern Oscillation ENSO I Rain on snow event what does this mean in terms of flooding potential I Atmospheric River AR and pineapple express I Know the Great Flood of 1862 what caused it destruction implications for similar event in the future Week 8 Drought I Types of drought definitions 0 Meteorological agricultural hydrological socioeconomic I Quantifying drought cumulative departure method I Industries at big risk from drought six examples in lecture others in reading I Monitoring and assessing drought o Abnormally dry moderate severe extreme exceptional o Palmer drought index PDI I Causes of drought 0 Ocean amp atmospheric circulation patterns I Definitions weather vs climate 0 Climate variability I El NinoSouthern Oscillation ENSO effects on CA precipitation I El Nino vs La Nina I What time of year I Global change and climate change definitions 0 Anthropogenic climate change I Greenhouse effect 0 Current drought caused by the quotRidiculously Resilient Ridge RRR know the general concepts behind the RRR and why it s causing the current drought o Paleo climatology what are proxies for temperature from paeocimate record Week 10 Urban Hydrology amp Lakes Urban Hydrology Friends of the Urban Forest Guest Lecture Low Impact Development LID 0 Know what LID is 0 Know examples of LID best management practices BMPs rain gardens infiltration trenches bioswales permeable pavement etc benefits and implications on water resources Lake typeclassification o Lakeforming geologic events 0 Hydrologic activity 0 Human activity Current reservoir conditions Understand and interpret figure and graph Hydrology Drainage characteristics 0 Seepage vs drainage lakes and example of each Trophic status 0 Definition 0 Eutrophic vs Oligotrophic lakes and example of each 0 Nutrients eutrophication DO Water temperature and density relationship 0 Thermocline o Stratification 0 Lake turnover when why and why it is important Lake zones the 5 horizontal and vertical divisions within lakes Lake chemistry 0 Dissolved Oxygen DO how it gets into lakes where it can be absent 0 Sources of nutrients in lakes and examples Lake Water Budgets O 0 Know the water budget equation inflow outflow change in volume Types of inflows Types of outflows How to set up a water budget equation and solve for an unknown Week 11 Dams amp River Restoration 0 Basics of dams O O O 0 Types of dam structures Embankment Gravity Arch Other kinds of dams run of river pumped storage coffer mine tailings Purposes of dams hydroelectric water storage flood control Components of a hydro electric dam spillway penstock turbine powerplant etc Dam safety issues examples of whyhow dams have failed Reservoir sedimentation potential application of conservation of mass equation 0 Impacts of dams on rivers and people 0 O O O Upstream impacts versus downstream impacts Social and health impacts Physical changes to rivers and coastlines Ecological impacts 0 River restoration 0 O Paradigms for restoration Restoration strategies gravel augmentation channel reconstruction o Dam removal 0 O 0 Why are dams removed How are dams removed Know some California dam removal projects
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