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ECU / Psychology / PSYC 1000 / intro to psychology exam 1

intro to psychology exam 1

intro to psychology exam 1

Description

School: East Carolina University
Department: Psychology
Course: Psych Notes
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology, Psychology, psych, Midterm Study Guide, and Study Guide
Cost: 50
Name: Psychology Exam 1 Study guide Ch. 1-3
Description: This study guide has all the material learned from chapters 1 to 3 that is going to be on the first exam.
Uploaded: 01/28/2017
16 Pages 366 Views 0 Unlocks
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What is a more appropriate questionto ask?




Nurture: What's the answer to this historical dilemma?




How is psychology different from the following related professions?



Exont h 1- #t,)5 Czuiole oChapl:.,r L !.gigqflfic .nettiod 1. - Yotvwulrlr a, hgPo*Ltes;s .-. uL',,.I'\ yorn lr.'asl SvetS / 2. o J. Ov *q 4. r ;5 b";rA 4 5. d,^l^' JC il is Suy gotlcdt I ct'( ,lcvcLo,p a lhior c5 Know the difference between a hypothesis and a theory: o, . olicl r'a vo tt-.tI supPIf you want to learn more check out ucsc accounting
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If you want to learn more check out what separates the parietal and visceral pericardium?
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We also discuss several other topics like anatomy exam 1
zvkclr - A bg+e!h6-[ i: A. <"XXcs*ed <.xpLo^o)i*t ot (ta\'n'cd ,{"' *, "Anrv^bL< "pVr"^o.t*rena wL'r;Le o\ *\e"r\ i5 ^ Research methods in psychology: omd" +<sltal expla^o,J;a r-;*h Descriptive research: Provf,h [oc\orS, - A,w,cI obr.rr^lio^case study: *ttc vte oF kscnip+iv( rtseart'h alpt"^c'L'' {o ol>l,.;a -;nlerVirw! ;^ in-olep)h ovt^ly);S o( a PetSon ,2{ovp o( phonor^en'on, o Survey' ,{^f^ co\LecLion v5<d Io Xalher ir,rfo aborl ta)"ivi olr",lS. o Naturalistic observation: observivr3 Sublco{S ilt lL.<if n^hr^l bchavio( a'ad ctra*hetinl inFo lh^+ w^Y. Correlational research positive correlation. ll"trc. i5 q, drirccl rcLoh^sl^.p. TF o t itrtL(xo,\<S lkut^lc +W " lLrcr alor5 ^\ we[[ . ' Negativecorrelation: Jyrvcrre rclafionshtp. olcut^se\ Experimental research: awc €ac,lor \nu eo,,l€| , olLrer Random sampling: ea.ch mevnbet oF prpvlak a ha\ avt e%e^l oh*, ce oQ b..n3 \cLectd' +" Kgtcs"^7 wVal< p-g"laLton - Random 1"i $T':"1*c u ff : :#-t:;i h,f { r :, y ?:".t^ tr :, ::r^!,^ i 1,, o a ehLh pa+rci11u control group: par{icipazr}! n,ho "l- noI iecer.v€ *hc ekpeti rnemlo,l [tenl,a-1 a Placebo: F^Y-rc \ur^Ir^rrt* lb"I cwr yad,vte ^ vq 1 { cztl {es\o,rt,s€. a Independentvariable: Thc ch*a,c*ctillic of .*go,i,nwnl +h^+ ;5 gL\r)f ,1n^npulAdo Dependentvariable: VariarLlc *h^l ;S t.ir,3 wtea,$vw) ih experiwlraJ. o Confoundingvariable: loclots ,+W, +1"^r, \v.,)epcnlon) vruta,blc o +l^r* wL^,1 ivvtpao* rrS,rtf S . Exo,r.h 1- #t,)'5 Czuiole oChapkr L Sgiq{ific rnethod + ors/ 2 o aJ Ov f *q 4 5 d.al^' rC il is Suy gorlcd, I s'( olevcLo,p .lhear c5 a\ 5 i5 b"^sed ryt Know the difference between a hypothesis and a theory: - A hgp-l,l.tai5. i5 ^. r,vXXcsled, e-x?l,o^o)i*t ot (ta\*-tcd oi-' *, "At rv^hL< 'ptrr^o.t*r.c,,'ro wL'r;Le o\ e9?t- i5 ^ Research methods in psychology: "ad" *sttol expla^o.J;a t;*h Descriptive research: p,. olictio n t,-"tI supp^tkaA P{6vf,h hc*orS, - AwcI obr.rr^lio^case study: {!r,c u\e oF Aescnip+iv€ rcseart'h a'1proa*'L't {o ol*o;a - it+krVafw! ;^ in'olcplh o^oty>i\ o€ a PQSon ,o{ovp o( phcmovvlevton, o Survey' ot^|r, collecli on v5<d. Io xalher in{o aboul ia)'ivi olr",l,. o Naturalistic observation: Obscrvi vr3 SuLlccfS i fa lL','ei { n^lur^l btlaor;o1 a,r"d f;a*hetin 1 in €o th^+ w ^y . Correlational research : +W " lLncrdirccl rcvr..,hasl',.p. TF o e .^L{xa\<S lkua>c positive correlation, llntrc. i5 q, a olrr 5 ar\ wef[ " ' Negative corelation: ryrvrrre rcLa{ionship. dcut^se\ Experimental research: awe €ar'lor \wcr co,,l€| , olLrer Random sampling: ead't mvrnb e{ o F p"pvl6\ o', he,\ avt e%lr 4l oh^ c< oQ b.t rr3 ScLectA' +o Kftctevt* wVal< p.g"laLion . Random 1"i$T":"1*c uff ,,. :*.J:;i h,f { r:,y ?:,.t^ tr:, ::r^!,^i 1.,, ehLh p{+tc5p, a controlgroup: P^/+itiprh+t arho "l- nol icceive *hc exl)eti rae, +al [renl,a^1 Placebo: F^Y-,e \ur^trr^r,n* lb"f cwr yod,vte ^ v€tl tcztl kSpo,nSe a Independentvariable: Thc ch*a,c*ct;lliC o* e*gr,iwrt,,] +h^+ rs cl,*,Xdf,1n^^iguln4c). a Dependent variable: ',1oriar\lc *h^-l ;S tanS wtcagvw) in experivvlqJ. a Confounding variable: la,clotS ,+W, +lrr^r, \u.)epcn lon) vavr a,blc a +l^r* vwl^./ \vupac-* rrS,rllS. a @ c hqPt'r { md {" iwlcop. Counseling psychology: 11tlp peop l<- p{ove €u nc*i omi lrvq Neuropsychology: Li r., 1A bta, i h ,^d {t c^ { b< h a,vr or5 FuncLtovlt nq w i+h clnallevtne S petS o6atl and 5o cic,. I beh o,vr o( 'l ^Sf< S S ^^d t cl ^*cd. *o br a; m Health psychology: Tr<^-l psyrh ololi c,.,l Fa"c*or5 fh^ t con*rib"tc to phvSfca[ 'hca,l*1, arl illqsl (I/O) psychology: Htlp Lotlt P^r^i€\ Industri allo r garizational ehnp IrYczS a^d setrc* ba"s* ,rnol *ra i n gr oduo{ i.z;-ly How is psychology different from the following related professions? o Psychiatry: Thty Ptcsqibe, wted,icaliovt o Counseling/Social work: ?tyclrolog i5+5 ?,t€ n^ot c ti 6 c {t 4o w.lV c\ri+ Ll i",liriolu^,lt w,'lh Seriou\ ynen4a,l illr. <sltS *-rd *hcy'tc yno{€ Psychotoeical SCIENCE! i hv o[ v rd i I'1 Ycseu{ch . o Intuition: I+ iS ^ pcfSofl \ C^p^ci{,1 {o obl'...n o( ha'vC olitecl Vnowt.dqe ' abor* sow,x+)Lri^1 , t * i*h.rl obseur,Jron o{ {cSearch .. Hindsi_sht bias: Th< *evd,cnc,4 o\s vr.ote pt.ol;.+4b id Overconfidence error: A b; arl i rr a irr L.^s / hcr (dqovnoi is Coincidence effor (randomization): a pcop l.e hav e l" vieu,-t cv"rt*5 lho'n lhcy lgatL! qtc. wh,ch ^. fetson'\ SuU Uco{ ive conFi)s^r, gc^tcr -fhr- lhc oblrc,li"c qcctr{1LuJ " ty ?'o{Lctvi\^1 otolt,r i },r (+-,cl,vnYniSlaV"rn ev'e4| \ oC L'o p{er I Scientilic attitude: 1 q 6c",1i LtS(V't " Nr{ q ccrrrliho'-r-o\? a<-1"' hs kre 2 wi*lw* ytashen;1 3. hul-ililu^, awattn t<t o ( ouy dwn vvl ^t/a-b ;l; + u +o bi-as ',u srrA,i^q {he tr u{h r ^\\* +A^ ,,1 lrv Critical thinking: r E*^w,\htS c",s s u tr,rpli % s, afp,,ai!c s €({or l^5 *o Soul gaS r o-rd los righ{" d, s c<tns \id/e" biaScs 1 €vorlua{rS 0l^d a,SS6S f,S Covr clu(iov.rS History of psychologv': Founder of Modern Psychology? W ' lheln^ Wuv",/ I Behaviorists study ah:crvah[r beh6\/io( *hc cviolch(e Freudian Psychology's focus is on the h".d bcL-rav; o,t 5 brcarrr \ wrA Lro,, Humanistic psychology relates to the Psychology is the Sci enCe study of €, *Lwlhi 5 t t6 Cognitive Psychology is ion Nature vs. Nurture: What's the answer to this historical dilemma? What is a more appropriate questionto ask? 1.. T. wh,.+ ev+c& + ^te ov( Ir^i|S a^f ro,J1 Srl ih pl^rc nl bi fth (ov( nur{,le) I A..To -,.al evlr^l do anr *t^;ls dnvcl.p it.t (cspa se la ovt €rrvitovtutt€lrllryp,iUr| Cross-Culture & Gender in Psychology: What's the imporlance? Clrur{vn e\' T,SceL,"*cu|*l,to,|{oa|or5.^(lcol*.,din€Lvenceh,^ffiln^,;os, To |cc lro* neu,ler o-A qcn),o( 6rpccLh",r1 a€ko* h"'non behavloc Manypsychologistsanalyzeinformationbyusinga B t 0 -P(Y([{O- SOCInU approach. Current perspectives (and subfields) of psychology: Neuroscience Hoq,, *lne bd."1 r'net/natit \ 1 ond^nd brain eur^bLe €woli ar,^ S ScnSor 1 e. Ype ( i cn Le \ Evolutionary: h^+u{ql \<Lecl;r^ o( {ra;{5 haS Fto,", *tne p ro"-o*cd +ln< Sur vi v o,l o€ 3e,tc 5 Behavior llow o\J( q eut<S a.1A nLt.t enVi'[ ottt'rr.rt u 1 ; n FLuc^rl 3 et^di cs ' ov (ira c{iu; dvol d,i$F<rcn ccS  Fsychodynamic: {ha1kr 4, H",^, behau io r 5 p/ i r,r f j Fr on--, vh La4sCioU S drivc\ a^d c"^Ql;c{S Behaviorai Hrrr, w< Leor h ob srt vubk {cs ponga 5 Cognitive llow wa. eacooL<, ptrtcSs , S4o[c r anol ( c*t i cv e ia €ot narnli an S; +./ alt on\ o.,n}1 *hinV"i n v^(c7 aC{o$\ Social-cultural How 6<L'ravt"( ^nol Cul lv( c g Professions in psychology: Know: Is it generally applied, research, or@@? What do they do? Who (or *h? do work with? Where do they work? " b iaXhoi( a^d he^4 tq,anlal J,tso17r,5. ^l\ , ?tiu ulc {acL lue Biological psychology: EypLotc5 lVre [ivrh \ b.lwc€A bra,iv, *^A ,rmi nd psychology: 9I"Jy Ch^ngiy.3 a..b;[i{icS (row-, Developmental rro rn h {o \o^b Cognitive psychology E xper\vy*nl +h ho* w< w; ?c(rciv€, *hi r,r l/', , a4d 5a lvc prrblevns Personality psychology:T r,vrs+i Xa*e pcr S i S 4c,.,* |ra. i * s Social psychology Explote how wc vit,w ^^ol aF{ec4 o.^ e orno*h< C Positive psychology 5*p[ote ti fe . \h<. bvillin3 o{ metu1;nX {u I Clinical psychology: Asst5 anA 4t e^4 v-en|^1, €vn{io^q I r 01^ d bch a,vi ot ^ | dlisorlc C S School psychology: H.tp ch;l drt n w ; *h ewrtt ov1^l , Sociql t ov\d aco,oLevv,i( fSSvr: ih edvc^lta-rol 5ellir,.gJoChapter 2 Neural Communication A neuron is also knor.l,n as a \€Nd Lgil andit transrnik in[otv^^[ion to olher C A glial cell \unoo() s {t^t mr,vlovt, bq Sw,t aa4dtu,t a^d iyllLzl^lrrn- i1 rI J J Parts of a Neuron: Cell body (soma) HarSeS +h< hvc leu 5 ' L t\4cn\m{e,rrn**; on (.tq^ o*her tytvrovt \ Dendrite - Bece\ue +, o*\e / neut *t,5 Axon L^g , *hta F;b"c lh a'* ttansv."1.i4 s in Fon*-,a*;or awaY Ftoru^ +h< VlCvtOr\ +, e*L^et Vt,€v{ar.rS o( lryuS( lcJ. Myelin sheath -sgerds r,,p t"ar,sr-issial4 o( Si9l"at5 ^lag ^xan - ( N"+ ^ll ^xa^s haVc it) Synapse h" <e{il,rg p-i h{ b<4,nec n *w a vteuvoyl S \ dVta. 5€ YYlV"ti r,, |l1e^lL:. o Chapter 2 l"treu ral Communication A^3 *1pe o( sigha,l;t^1 b.l*een h<vvom 5 lLrnouXh^r+ Synapse: Label the parls (listed below) in this figure Ftrsl racrv t nervottS !s{crn gevr ak4h -,+lcr Terminal buttons Receptor site ir.nput5g .:,:::. Synaptic vesicles Synaptic gap i Define (briefly) each part: Tw xd c<tl {r*^ tule L<t( f, --lL.c. o Axon: L*r1,, +lrin {-ib.f ll^,^+ ko^t^,}5 iut€" o Neurotransmitters: c'yycvnica,l\ l)\<) \" sun"l S iXr't"r [ 5 ^c{os5 Syrtaglic aaP . Dendrite of receiving neuron: ((teivr\ ihfar ^^lirq $ronn Explain how neurons communicate (know Figure 2.3): nato\rats rr^itlr(5 1. Actionpotentials: EleAtic^\ itnputse {-h^t )t^VeL\ do,"tn *l"e nrr{arl t o,a[.1 hapPcvt S wL,on ;l tcro"chcs lhe gsarhol) , Tn]low "f O sodivm ion5 2. Release of neurotransmitters: *hey e\i + lhc ^)<oh lerv^;tnr.., I b$ di lrttr 0 h fr.obsotplian nF n<vrok*tt t'hilk(! bg ^ ner, ok*r\trri++e f 3. Reuptake: fu mspo{ lt, r , 6 cy 6,\in1 ,Q y1w t o ka,nr mi llet J Briefly know the function of the following neurotiansmitters: o Acetylcholine (ACh) - orC{ivartr5 rnnuScte S *-rrl i5 ar hevto\taswtrVt( irr . Dopamine - nrov0rne^* Ca,\tol , wtevvlot\ , mood, Slccp o Serotonin - r.olrrol yylood s{arb ;l;Zec ' o Endorphins-(.tAvL< our pttiap{iort oQ p^in ond acl sik^itarl"1 dr"qj 5o ch arS^ ,^a, ?Lt'ne a^d. cod<i'ne . How do drugs affect neurotransmitters? Nervous system TLtq otislvpl *L., e I,t^c ?to(,css ,{ covvlmvn', ccrl b<I*ee^ br*,n crltS a^d ^l*cr kl^,. w^y wt {hivrt( , lr.l *-d bc!'t ^,e . at-*qt"vniL h?(v€ cr,tt t' fo t q/t@ Chapter 2 Nervous System t Central Nervous SYstem Peripheral Nervous SYstem \;nal co r d hro.,^ S"rrr^1, C GnIr"lS v"l'nr4a1 rmoucvnevfi\ !*p^fl""{; c&+dtmiL t^k"l S ^rt*,^^Li cl ivtvol"^fu (unc)i",mS Pa.va rv^p^{n.li Know basic functions of: CNS: fno;\u\ C^a,*ol Cor*er o[ PNS: La nntcls \U^*otnol or €nv\'f onV*r,em* . Autonomict cr^$rr\ 5 i vrvatu n\o\ (arousing) (calmin$) "'lgh* or fl;71*" bJg r in(q^^trtu synlhcsitihl ih\at v'vnl S l.irrnu t ; +- qllow bJl l' t q ga'A l" du^"|i",r, s Sensory neurons: Cal( 1 ptzls a,qc5 ltow *he baalf s f is[ ues ^J serasa( L! lcCcp \a(S \- ll". bra.,n cor d (<r..rS\ ond spinat Motor neurons Lat t 5 in 5 lru "*io'n 5 F' ory' .Fhe 6NS lo bodyS vrnr,scte 5 Endocrine System: U SrS l-rotYn*:ieS )o k *'s h^ i + lrncslaScS Ih*5L bLodS*cd^ Hormones: chevnicort S, qna1S +h^+ (oovd,tr,aa*e bod.;17 (r^cIi^n S. How do we study the brain? o EEG- Rea/ 5 elec\ri c" I -elivi.\ itrl ncu(oh\  ,Fdep i"t s Chapter 2 braih orcl i PET Scan Lg Showit^1 brain'S 3lucoS€ v ilrl Con\u^6'o a MRI/fMRI -F LrSc S m^jn<ls l, Xc+ pic4vt< of +h< brain a. Brainstem and what m1 mean of the Medulla con+al S heat{ b e^* , b, ca{hi ^1 ,bp . ln Spinart co a Srrr't,^1e n^N CauS < nuyrbnc s s tnol p ot.VSiS o € liro a,l Pons Loa,t din^1cs bnv,a,ale oM v1/\ovCtrn€^+, T^ S?inr\l 6otOl Pr+ Vav i 1,1 o\ Sctni - prr-*ra4 slccp sL4c Reticular formation ne/vt \<1,^t "{V^ i h a( ovso-l o^d *llos-[hc byo,ir^s *.*, Scnsarl in€o.+lr^+ <^^bks Thalamus Loca,trcd in u^ioldLe mA ,4,1 o c 5i1waL\ lo-{ bta,iv-r , G<layi," j Sen\av1 *Vre eorrbr^\ ca/JreX,|lec|, ca, Cerebellum: (ootAtwo*.s v"l,u^\^r1 rlwovcu-r^i, loco"leJ oA b"h Limbic system Amygdala \*h oQ br^i^ . Lost "?' anndiaa[ion . ri-"tps pr o teS S e^rio^ S ( ?eout , ^g ross,' or^\ . Lor^kA \,Ilh:^?*;u:,!:y'Ar"r'!^ -"? t"^^rA }r"r'rc ;s a Hippocampus ?rotarsrs c?;\cA\L vncuno.tics, lo(^l.J .f cvrnporat !r\" o F .+h3 b,ro.i tr, N^oq . lc,SS - a^A At (a,r^tra,*ton . ih lh:- vucdial wsul4s i n vvltubvo( Hypothalamus 7-^?Lv-cnce \,,vngc(r )-l^itsl, 6ilg hmP, S Lin eth, *o c qd,ocyih( SVf ex4J o.l boLauvt or, !4{/Votrs S cvh. Locq*<.d b Ioqt vs+ lhr- t a €Fccl atl ^P + D-- aal Lht^ ab ou2. Cerebral cortex: 6ra,ih.! ,,Act l,iye'( o F ^tv{^t +is Sut. CovotS ba{l^ hen"t Sohc.{CS " Frontal lobes LvnoVq LzALA SpcarVrrr,rl a^ol nnrrsc[a v,z.o\,t€vh€h+S, vna\\itnl pl^s w:.ol, 5'vJ1*t.^*S. f,^r,aq€ .cwt c6,o5e chwrl<s t.-h 'emo+la\ b<hav lo(, arg?,tSt iVc l.rd,.a.v io(,; n.lo14- t A/, L€.. cau5Q, [c F4- vil[* c*.,fus1ota *rol{€asohivrS' Do,naX< La n (iensou7 cor{cr\Pldrh"tn^lieal a^dt s P",lio t Parietal lobes r^rvili,r.X" Temporal lobes ( *dt4atq coAcx) \6 t CoruS€3 P,otessft^3 o-ol l^Xsaf €tb^vnan< ca,n ,4voli lat i h"po, irt d viSio Vt , ctvdi-["v 3 ivr pu{ t ovgquiVa\i on" (vlsual coslcx\ih, €ot wro.1i oh , bov-o,q< Lq,vSCS tc,S Occipital lobes fr<celvcs o ? vrsu ^l ViS rra.l taoo,cilu , hr^llr.,r ira otliou<, ;aZL--lr'1, *o ( drr"{i [g g.alo t S@ wol-r wlcx l"r*col oh bocV \ labc Chapter 2 Sorno^fosrr,nSof t Co *eX - \oc^\<i, o^) Qro^\ enA o? Lise the terms from above. 1 6 5 2 1.) 3. 4. 5. 6. 3 Yton*^[ [ "be *evnwr^\ [rbe Bro.itr s-lcnn (c/g[3ltu v." 0ccipil o,l t"be P^rie{^t Lrbe 4 , Sach h ctzrnlsplnel f cm{tols *he o PP os ;+e s i de " I +1"< h,a1 0^d ;S ^wq{e ,? *l"e v.t\votl [tetd on {ke ap pos i*c s ioLe . o o^lct *lr,e te,P1 l,tewrisphcf e has eno,rqh vo/Lt o.bii ilg lo eyfr(s f *s llnouX,tJ5 a,I oud . Basic understanding of the functioning of the motor and somatosensory cortex 'fhe ,no+or fptl.u (rprf,Sr^*5 boAX pat\S an ll^e "?P.sifc sid< "5' boAl the loma-[astps"J* cot\ek rtpvrsrr,.,1s sV-,,h A't€aS on "('P"s' f z s,'de Brain Plasticitl: o l- b"d'1 f.\- is 11,<. braitn's ^\o;l,ilg -lo chr Se !L^,torgho,,I l, {e . I t tt"e b,qin i\ AnnoyA i+ Lovt {cslo:.:-- k^"}i on5 , €"n^ q<w Can^ecfioms t [tov1^ni7C, hd ftaSSiSn [1a.ih ^,tets -l o ^<t4, tunclionrs What we learned from 'osplit brain" experiments: . Corpuscallosum: -(onneds ]- l". rillA otutA t,-ll h<vnispheK - m itrtnou{ i + , +he h^Lws of tL^e b"A5 qul h,,lveS o{ +lne vfstra t Ci el"d 1 day,.* tNo{Y^ tr" yitac{Right hemisphere functions: aChapter 2 * Spa{io.l o,nd per L.p{uo\ abitihe5 -ir"*erprct^{i"rr oQ non-Vefu^l S4irr ul i 'laL< {tcoghrll6^ - O u ea,l\ se\F a,u^,{sh€SS Left hemisphere functions: ' vnAets\andir,.3'. - sp"\hc^ [a4gu^X € - Luritltn loulvaXe a : (gh la"Xuo.qe - S pe.c [., - nra*\ cnlculoli"m Behavioral Genetics o Genes i tsuil/ir,'1 bt"chs o? htttAi{t , hcnyc ob; t,'{i t o {irccl *hc. a,sset^b!3 "Q groteilns lLa* build |Lt- bod<7 o Can your environment and experiences affect your genes? How? - Tt^€ w ^y yc,u wet e taised bg yo* prtt a-l S #P=*el a Evolutionary psychology -fs a llnror.J;cal u(ptoac^ a$omp+s lo cypla;a uSe(tl{o p sv cl""lq1 1L^* P sv cl"oloxical lraik , svch as o ( .l^jvag e , 6{ Lh< Fr^c{ naluta,l 54,co*i.on, tlone ehvi tonmev$ i *^la,l ru-rol ttt€trna(1 , petcep{i.n , ionat proA,c{s of ov\d "CC iurnI etacliovt '. GS Pq^Se 1 o envi{ o Ex. sLtodcned doyl;*+ gct^cs luvyr eaoh ,l.L.rec oy1 nwtc^+^L cohdi+i onS. *r,ig3erS  8w color o, '1, qt ^\\vt-rzr\ I *o cltan hi6er no,*e , ) e pinenelics I Tht s|,'d, oF hou, +l,r;S h q?Pet,S: Tt e €hvitatnev\l ae{ 5 I l.e Svt Fass o? Xahr,S +o o,llcc &l^eif oh a cl;v i l-,1 Ex. obes;{3 ih (f g v I qli on ?"vr< Sadu lf s cavl *t,r n u€ € u,eiqhl i r,r "f€Sgr irn3 a tr Chapter 3 Consciousness is... AU( artu At €k1cs S o{ ou(S€ lUcS ohd ou( ehvi(onmq^t. cognitive neuroscience: s {,rr{ 1 of b ra,ivr arc-liv i{3 ii rt hrol w i *l^ vne,nl,.\ ? (o ccise S ( pe,teplion, 1-\inVning, vhcvnot(a, LongvaXe\ Neuropsychology: S{od irS brr,; v.r- inlut ed p^ {a f htS Coma/comatose is when.... a son i S ih compl"Ae vt^ covlsdaosndsS Wrd P"t haS {,{o I V en c(5 +" s 4irry,e1; 6v€q SCv Cv€ pair" ;s rpon{otC son vnaKes n o '( acf,i ons Ve ve state oQ <el| or ' '' walAe f.r)n csS *i llnoul atur dt enes\ ". No eviot envi taahen* , no ftSr.ov,(e *o lav.lvage o1 5{innul ; , eh(e .o€ ^watchd, j but J, have sleep 6yct.. eglect Attention: crr-ra{ilioy, itrgrrvl if" Fi cld oQ s\de. +Ur^+ occotg aQ\ct btain dauroX < (sh"Ve oc @l^;cL.' SuFFai rr S eanv,o* Sce < Srde o€ *l cir ah ViS ro yn Tl^.V dot^* co,^pf chcad anv*htnl on 4n* Selective attention: fl"e onb;tilt to seteo* ,L^{ lo n."J.iq, I Fouus on o cocktail partv effect: Tlre ^b i t; fu +. f o cv! v or,' he arin 7 o^ o^e o Speci(i c lhi rn3 cuct a[,,ouit^ yraile iJ all oi ovaol. you. cell phones use: uvc Ldn hyf a €ocuS om a caAv€lsa.Lion uhil<- o i,t'rv,n5 a, caC'. J,\ \h(,tc^sc, aLcidcn4a\ ritK [o.rrFotJ. Selective inattention: U e fail a whea1 ovf o Inattentional blindness: lo no{ice paft o{ ou,{ envi{onnrteh+ a,*ew*ion rS dircc{ed, eLsec^the(e The Dual-Track mind means... deliba^Ie ac)ia^s qre Sleep: " P (€SenCe oQ uhexps"{6} obscc* loes va de*cc*ed LoasCia($ a,\d u'ncot^Scioos aclivilta, oo{ t/^i^ds {atAe V^o. cuf,\{c doivg Vi. aulot*^Iic ac\iq-,S wc'{€ na* auar- .,1, Circadian rhlthm: * he f" U"e loodfs na.}ura \ 2q-hov( Lycl,e, t wghll r o*ohed doy lnilh4 Ucte n F l;gl"* onol do'r V-, - Stages ofsleep What happens? Non-REM Stage 1 - Bra.itn u)^ves md - nnaY n"t txotll?,€btczn{ln;^, bccon,. s\owc1 you L',ive Qollen a.s lce P - htaY have tLc+ik'3 iv-ayeS ot h y pn o,nani( ^lhrcir'a{irrrt Non-REM Stage 2 Chapter 3 - ta.sts a,bau{ }o nrihS r ctcalt3 61s(ccp, 'Per fc brrvs{s oC t^pidr rhy{hvni( bra.i', /nl ioJ l-)Wa.uls <. lrro <d i tn) la<- Non-REM Stage 3 -la.s{s ^brul 3o' ,-ihu+€s , h^tol 4o -1ry,r;14iVraart a.wot( ChcS 5 , bra,ih era.ri-I S o*ohem. \a,{q€ wra! (1",r,, Ael*a r,rarvcs REM sleep - D fcaq71 5 ocLu( oltrri nq Pct i"d S oQ u) ile btaim o,c{;r;* g - B ra.itr .'1 a^al tapid ,eye vvlove*tevt* nnlive h.,+ tt"e 6o)^ K 5.il,1^m..L;le, e olL WC €c.yr.\, Total cycle is approximately 90 minutes. You go through multiple cycles in one night. Quantity & Rhythm of sleep: ' p66f,o/h S nced - l{ hrs .F sle4 ', adol{s nctd - 6 -1 " Why do we sleep? Explain how sleep is important for each area: 1. Protection '(ot wt al;l-["r,{ othteslors ,nA %c btc\n p,olecli*, furerdal hralllh\ 2. Foryourbrain: - f,l 1q4orcS ancl rcpqi'(S fa,wtaged nea{onS 3. For memories: S{*e^g*han S V1€urorl eonnecAions *Lro{ bu; id ead"urin3 Yyafftiaric S " 4. For learning/creative thinking: $ovnolcS 6r eo*\vc g'oblevn 5aluiurS For growth: !vr,,O ol 5 '+oh+ ttleo* e o( ho{vvt,on€S h, cdsattT {of yvluSclC Loprnen* . Effects of Sleep Loss: ul)r r' o Dumb: [{av e \ tn^Pi t eal La n c€ q4 r a)i o n o Fat: (zq\n wcinh* 1slo4 vye)abolistn o Sick: tup p/ 65eA i vv'rwvn e Svs lera., A^d, he4'to t c5 qnol inueased Lot+iS ol Grumpy: bad v171aod r eA$il1 I r iI-^* cd " o Old: F ccl ,lol , ^l*ets lnovrn onal {uac*ion i h w^ys +h^+ a ytni rnt ( a!in3. Sleep disorders: o Insomnia: la si5l eq-N i tna,bi li ! )o {al] o\sLc cp o( S+o"y aSleep Non-REM Stage 2 Chapter 3 - ta.sts a,br"t 1o rvrihs r c ' Pcria|t c tu,/s-ts oF g? La,\l.A stceO 5o rtrulle\ tcattS 615 (ecp. id, ghy{hvrni( brarivr w^vx s - Non-REM Stage 3 la.S o| -1ry1i16iVraar I e 3o yr^ t hu+€S , ho,tol *o awa( f,h cS 5 , brr,i h era.ri.| S + owoWn. la,lo$ or,rJ ocLu( duti n5 pet iaJ S oS ui 1.A brain ,-Aive ' h,+ tt^e boA u r'rjLaallaoli-h REM sleep - D rcatnn S o,c{i, i + g -B ra,itr i1 a.ol ,tapid €ye vnov€wteq* S . .{. e c wc Jo** r €ch\. Total cycle is approximately 90 minutes. You go through multiple cycles in one nigll. Quantity & Rhlrhm of sleep: ' Neob ottrs nced - l{ hrs .F Sle4 ", adolls nad - 6 -1 " Why do we sleep? Explain how sleep is important for each area: 1. Protection -Tor ou( d;sl-^* anrestrors *-,A (ac brqin p,olrrli*, (^errlol hrarllh\ 2. Foryourbrain: - f,l- tts4orcS a^d rcpai.cs fa,maged neo(or.s 3. For memories: S{,er,,g*hcr, S V1€u(orl connec}ions +[^a.+ bvi ld eu)"win3 YnetrnoticS" 4. For learning/creative thinking: provno*cS Cr eAiuc yobtevn 56'lui tT 5 5. Forgrowtht lwrpot+rr+ ttleo;e o{ horvnqre\ vtxccSSarl {or yvlusclC Aat el"pnem* . Effects of Sleep Loss: o Dumb: {ave ivnsitcd Cancev1./;fa)lon ^d wlevnotoS o Fat: (zqin wcinhl 1 sloa rne)^boli:sw-, ovol iv-rueased Lot+is ol o Sick: tup p/ tSSeol i w'twvn e SVI ler,r., o Grumpy: bo,d yylaod r eAlill I r iI^* cd " . Old: F ccl alal , ^l*ets laovynonal {unc*ion ih w^yS +|^+ vryl'i nt C atinS . Sleep disorders: . Insomnia: flcr sil{e44 i h^b; li 1,1 )o {alt otLecp o( S*o..7 aS{eep.Chapter 3 Narcolepsy' slccp n*acV^s t cvch h a or+ inogPo{lvne liyncl . Sleep walking (are people acting out dreams?): a collapS < inlo patalVU"{ Sl,ec4, Na , {hcy qtx ncl considacol Sleep apnea: 5{"gp;u"g . { brr^{'hit'", ! duiaX o oC Slow wxvc StzeP dtcarninl " s lecA ^nol fcpr tves vic{irnn t . Nightmaresvsnightter-rors: BEo-t Slecp vS. lURgru-: sLc<p What can we do to sleep better? - ekcetcis€ ttquloll\ t avoid, ca{leiue a,P*cc c^,111 ^Qlq^ddv1 ,,rvlax bt€orc bcd \ine i eo.l. @< tr Why do we dream? 1. To Sa,{iSf 3 ou( owh r.uiSh< s 2. To {-i [e e\w^y tt euwor i c S i l dcvclog otnd. prcretvC tnawral p,.lJ^ot ay J 4.To wta,Vc Sf,r.,Sc o( noqo,l. s*a{;c 5' To tc{kc} Lo|^i{ivc d.cv tlopvnem* Psychoactive drugs and consciousness: Tolerancet T[.. diu^ihiS hcd gsy ch o 5asl-iv € e{lec*s o,,( |cc (tpca*cd use. When is drug use a disorder? - Lulnt n ihon . iS ^. alir^; ^iS [^ d . - /jt{-'P{s Socia,l (uuoliontL+g r Alcohol: whoq kvi \ +- siop o Stimulant or depressant? coakaL aue( *he orv*aoua* *qW" , wLen lse *L<vt *alua, re iS b,rit{ *.ol u;*L'ndraw".l ftt colna[^ is A dcpn.ssarn* , cal'" s Yl€u{a'l ^cl;vil'1 ahA sLow boilq Qunc*iatt !. o Effects on brlain (understand how this accounts for memory disruption and why people fail sobriety tests when drunk): - S)o w yl?.t)(al, gro c€sS f h1 , tcd,uced vwetvtot L7 6o1yn6trion , iv'npa,ited, Sal( can\iol . Depressants are"' cLrevnicorts +L'r+ calvn .hev"at ^c{ ivilS aud s[oq 6odg (u^o*tr6 5. Examples of depressants are. - AlLoho I Bat b t lura*cs (kqr*<,i t;765 5 Op;aIcS (HrralT ) Stimulants: (Adderall, cocaine, ecstasy) 1i[Ac slzcA p',"/.s)thap*er 3 o Stimulant or depressant? (ok, easy question.) - But why? :{ivvrvla1a+S e r<ci* e ntu{^\ c.,cliv ,'*3 ", S p €eA 5 r, p b"J; tg lu^r|ion s o Effects on brain: (does ecstasy really burn holes in your brain?) d;l^{.) prf J I ( j (:t?id I ;t, ,Xvla( heofibal , olcoreasxf otypel;*e , ih,C'trr,rSed ^ 16Y*t rts S o What does cocaine do to the brain? -I+ bl"ov,_s tcrrplo,Ve ornd it/1ctxo$cS Lfvel5 o( olog^rnihe Setolonin t ^anbl rtorq p i h €phr ivrf , e.u plvpi ql, o What happens after? E<'photia crasl.<.S iu.rta ^ s-[a]e t,uorsc *han h"for< l^!4;rr3 ll''x d,tq q,i+h aXilto.Jrion , )tpt ssfo1a a^d paiy.. Hallucinogens (examples: ): LS D ^ d Matiluq^o, o Effects onbrain: TulerFcr"s qri+h $eto{-r,rira {.to^Jyyrissioyl ,,,h;cL-, causes h^llo cinotlionj Drugs and the Biopsychosocial model: kl,;ln^I \v-t[,uenes corh \€ooL l" Arug vSe ?" Biolo oJaLa,l ;u,QbeneS ?sychol"licql irrr€tuCtrtCeS ,1€nef;c prrd.;spa s i{iorrS , vrtf ia.{;ey,5 ih naura-frans r,. ; Syttcr,,.,l ,l^c6rnq sf,r^Sc purp"s€ , 5 iXniltcornl s o p Sy cholo il cql o€ lrcss bru3 u Se tSocto,l- C'H'ta,l ;nCltu66165 ' u'(loa,n ehvi t on nae n* , (vll,r^( a.lli loo{e {owotd o Pee( tn{Lu en G s Svcln aS kpw dttrX u5e d,i'sorlcc5, ssioh

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