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SDSU / Engineering / COMM 103 / the main reason to use previews, summaries, and signposts is to

the main reason to use previews, summaries, and signposts is to

the main reason to use previews, summaries, and signposts is to


School: San Diego State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Oral Communication
Professor: M. rapp
Term: Fall 2016
Cost: Free
Name: Chapter 12 - Comm
Description: taught 1/23, 1/25
Uploaded: 01/28/2017
5 Pages 117 Views 23 Unlocks

o How current is the information?

o How objective are the sources?

∙ What does a conclusion do?

Organizing & Finding Support for Your Speech  – Ch 12 “If you can’t write your message in a sentence, you can’t say it in an hour.” – Deborah Booher, author on Business Communication Crafting Thesis Statements ∙ thesis statement – one-sentence version of he  message in your speech; the goal of your speech o be concrete, specific, detailed o make a statement (not aIf you want to learn more check out nau class search
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question) o tell the truth o ex: Today I’ll introduce myself to the class through  two objects. Organization of Your Speech ∙ introduction – previews the information to be  presented and states the goal of the speech ∙ body – composed of specific main points  o easiest to write this first o main point – a statement expressing a specific  idea or theme related to the speech topic ∙ conclusion – summarizes the main points and creates a memorable moment ∙ transitions – connect the main points to one another;  help your speech flow smoothly; provide a path for  listeners to follow o 4 types: previews, summaries, signposts, nonverbal ∙ template I. introduction A. attention gainer 1. capture your audience’s interest (quote, story, question, joke, startling statement) B. reason to listen 1. familiarize topic for audience; connect  attention getter to topic C. speaker credibility1. establish your knowledge or experience with  the topic D.thesis statement 1. purpose of your speech; goal of your talk E. preview main points II. body A. main points (2-5) 1. support your central theme 2. key ideas that work together to prove  claim/thesis B. sub-points (equal amount of info for each point) 1. support its main point 2. taken together legitimize main point III. conclusion A. restate thesis B. review main points C. provide a “reason to remember” 1. create a “closing device” for your speech Textbook Notes – Chapter 12 State Your Purpose and Thesis ∙ purpose statement – declaration of your specific goal  for your speech o ex: Teach listeners the differences among five  Italian red wines. o Be specific, declarative, and concise ∙ thesis statement – one-sentence version of the  message in your speech o ex: Although sales of herbal supplements are  growing, medical research shows they are no more  effective than placebos. o Be concrete, make a statement, and tell the truth Organize Your Speech ∙ elements to include 2o title, purpose statement, thesis statement,  introduction, main points and subpoints, conclusion, bibliography of sources ∙ to generate interest you can… o present a quote, tell a joke, pose a question, cite an  opinion, startle the listeners, note your occasion,  identify something familiar, or incorporate  technology ∙ main point – statement expressing a specific idea or  theme related to the speech topic o speeches typically have between 2 and 5 main  points o main points should be…  related to one another, distinct, equally  important, organized in patterns ∙ there are five types of patterns o topic pattern – separates by categories o time pattern – chronological order o space pattern – organizes main points according  to areas o cause-and-effect pattern – describe causes of an  event and it’s consequences o problem-solution pattern – describe a problem  and offer a solution ∙ What does a conclusion do? o reinforces the central message, creates a  memorable moment ∙ transition – logically connects one point to the next ∙ types of verbal transitions o preview – alerts listeners that you are about to  shift topics o summary – briefly reminds listeners of points you  already made o signposts – single words or phrases used to  distinguish points ∙ transitions can be nonverbal 3o body movement – moving where you are standing o vocal inflection – change in voice o pauses – brief silences o gestures – hand movements Create an Effective Outline ∙ rule of subordination – specifies some concepts in  your speech are more important than others ∙ rule of division – specifies that if you divide a point into subpoints, you must create at least 2 ∙ rule parallel wording – states that all points and  subpoints in your outline should have the same  grammatical structure ∙ formal outline – structured set of all the points and  subpoints in your speech ∙ speaking notes – abbreviated version of your formal  outline Find Support ∙ identify places in your speech where you need support o where you make a claim ∙ determine the type of support you require o ex: definitions, examples, statistics, quotations,  narratives  ∙ evaluate the quality of supporting material o credibility – information is believable and  trustworthy o How objective are the sources? o How current is the information? ∙ avoid plagiarism o global plagiarism – stealing an entire speech o patchwork plagiarism – copying words from  multiple sources and putting them together o incremental plagiarism – failing to give credit for  small portions of your speech 45

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