Thursday 1/26/17 Exam Review: In 2010 Obama signed this piece of legislation into law which reduced the disparity between the crack and powder cocaine quantities that triggers federal sentenced and eliminates the 5 year mandatory minimum penalty for mere possession. “Righting a wrong” Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 These are 2 states which have abolished the death penalty and two states whiIf you want to learn more check out corontini
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ch retain it Abolish: Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico , New York Retain: GA, FL,TX,CA There are two general levels of crimes. This type refers to less serious crimes punishable by less than a year in jail or just a fine What is a Misdemeanor? This is the stage when a problem or crisis is identified, lobbyist and interest groups champion the cause and townhall meetings are held to brainstorm about potential solutions to the problem. What is agenda setting? The stage in policy making process when compromises are often worked out to select the best solution from all the proposed options. What is policy adoption? Becky been in trouble with law for a long time. If the court decides to lock her up and throw away the key, which philosophy of punishment is most likely used? What is incapacitation? In this landmark case the US Supreme court struck down the death penalty for juveniles, highlighting the 3 main differences between minors and adults. Roper v. Simmons (2005) 1. vulnerable/susceptible to outside pressures/ neg. Influences 2. Lack of maturity/underdeveloped sense of responsibility 3. Transitory character/personality traits. There are 3 branches of government in the US which serve to balance and check each other. Prosecutors or those responsible for filing criminal charges against those accused of breaking the law, belong to this branch of government. What is the executive branch? Judges are the judicial branch The common law definition of burglary. Be specific and name all elements. What is breaking and entering the dwelling of another at night with the intent to commit a felony therein?Susie Q and Billy Bob are a married couple. Susie is fed up with her husband cheating on her, neglecting the family, and spending all his money.A judge hears both sides and makes decisions about child custody/support and division of assets. This case is an example of this type/catergory of law. What is family law? This is a permanent legislative subgroup of the US Congress that handles specific matters and decides whether bills move forward for consideration by the House or Senate. What is a standing congressional committee? The twinisland nation where professor Johnson leads a 3 week Maymester study abroad program on comparative justice systems. What is trinidad and Tobago? There are many players in the policymaking process. The roles of this important player include keeping the public informed of news, publicizing issues, placing matters on the political agenda, and altering the public of policies going into effect. What is the media? A growing body of research has examined the relationship between drug use and violent crimes. Studies show 3 types of violence occur as a result of nexus. This category refers to the violence associated with the distribution or sale of drugs.What is systemic? Know those three This group was formed to research and analyze differing federal penalties for crack and powder Cocaine possession and asked to report to Congress on recommendations to reduce sentencing disparities. What is the US Sentencing Commission (medical, scientific committee) read coil article Congress doesn’t have time to pass laws about every single possible rule to govern people's’ lives and interactions. Therefore, legislator get agencies to do some of this work for them.Under this “source of law” we see a number of state and federal agencies with delegated rulemaking authority to create and carry out certain laws. What is regulatory /administrative law? We inherited the common law traditions from England. Almost all U.S. states have legal systems that were influenced by common law. This state is the exception. Louisiana This phrase is what we call the first 10 amendments to the U.S Constitution. Bill of Rights These are select panels of Congress that are established to examine emerging issues that do not fit within standing committee tasks. Special Committees What is the specific numerical ration of sentencing law disparities between mandatory minimum incarceration penalties for possession of powder cocaine versus crack cocaine. This sentencing disparity has spanned across three decades in the US. 100:1 ratioDeath penalty research has revealed correlations between the race of the offender and race of the victim in relation to the likelihood of receiving a death sentence. This is the specific combination which is at the top of the likelihood hierarchy. What is Black Offender, White victim? Offender victim dyad KNOW THIS It’s the state that leads the nation with the highest number of executions. What is texas? Know most impt stats discussed in class In his discussion of race and class penalties, Coyle highlights research that has shown that crack and powder cocaine produce very similar effects among users. AKA “Same high”. What is pharmacologically indistinguishable? What is the name of this famous character? Who is Bill (on Capitol Hill) This is the constitutional right to reject a decision proposal made by a lawmaking body. Withholding one’s signature of approval sends a proposed bill all the way back to the starting line. What is a veto?