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GSU - POLS 110 - Study Guide - Midterm

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GSU - POLS 110 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Georgia State University
Department: Political Science
Course: Political Science
Professor: Sparks
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Government, americangovernment, Studyguide, and POLS1101
Name: POLS1101 Exam 1 Study Guide (pt.1)
Description: POLS 1101 American Government Study Guide for Exam 1, Part 1 Don’t forget to complete all your study quizzes, chapter elevations, your view questions, and poll questions.
Uploaded: 01/29/2017
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background image POLS 1101 American Government  
Study Guide for Exam 1, Part 1 
- Don’t forget to complete all your study quizzes, chapter elevations, your view questions, and poll 
questions.  
 
CHAPTER 1 
1.  Which of the following are a part of the definition of government?  
(A)  A set of institutions that, in relation to the people of a particular territory, authoritatively makes and  enforces laws.  (B) A set of institutions that endures over time. 
(C)  A set of institutions created by a written constitution. 
(D) A set of institutions that create democracy 
(E)  A set of institutions that check and balance one another. 
 
2. What is a legislature? 
(A)  . Tribunals with authority to resolve legal disputes between parties and that make authoritative judgments  that guide and limit executive branch enforcement and implementation of laws  (A)   Organizational units within the executive branch of government responsible for implementing specific  public policies and/or providing public services  (B)  A set of institutions in government with authority to put laws into effect, including, but not limited to,  through the use of physical force by police or military  (C) An institution of government that makes laws  3  What are bureaucratic agencies?  (A) Tribunals with authority to resolve legal disputes between parties and that make authoritative judgments  that guide and limit executive branch enforcement and implementation of lawS  (B) Organizational units within the executive branch of government responsible for implementing specific  public policies and/or providing public services  (C)  Institutions of government that make laws 
(D)  A set of institutions in government with authority to put laws into effect, including, but not limited to, 
through the use of physical force by police or military  4. What is the name of the legislature of the federal government of the United States of America?  (A) Congress 
(B) House of RepresentativeS 
(C)  Senate 
(D)  General Assembly 
5.  TRUE OR FALSE ​The government of Canada has authority over people who live in the United States of  America 
6. Which of the following statements is true about the American system of federalism 
(A)  In American federalism, only state governments have authority over public policy. 
(B)  In American federalism, the authority of the states is considered "supreme" in those areas of public policy 
over which the federal and state governments share authority.  (C)  In American federalism, there are some areas of public policy over which only the federal government has  authority and some areas over which only state governments have authority  (D)  In American federalism, the federal government has authority in all areas of public policy throughout the  United States.   
 
 
background image 7. Which of the following statements are true about the concept of government authority? Select Answer(s):  (A) A government with a legitimate claim to authority is a government with a rightful or justified claim to  authority.  (B) A government with authority over a people has a right to issue commands to the people and to expect those  commands to be obeyed.  (C)  When governments issue authoritative commands, they normally do so with written rules called ordinary  laws.  (D) The power of inflicting punishments is what gives government's legitimate authority   
8. What are regulations are?  
(A)  laws made by a city or municipal legislatures. 
(B)  rules made by bureaucratic agencies that have the force of laws 
(C)  laws written in constitutions. 
(D) laws made by Congress or a state legislature. 
 
9.  Which of the following statements are true about the principle of 
“separation of powers”?    (A)  In the American system of separation of powers, the legislative branch has primary responsibility for  making laws.  (B)  In the American system of separation of powers, the executive and judicial branches are concerned with  the enforcement of law.  (C) It is the principle of government that means government power is partly divided and partly shared between  the federal government and the state governments.  (D) All governments in the world are based on the principle of the separation of powers. 
(E)  It is the principle of government that means legislative, executive, and judicial powers are exercised by 
three separate branches of government consisting of distinct institutions that are staffed by officials who 
serve in only one institution at a time. 
(F) American government is NOT based on the principle of the separation of powers   
10. What reasons did Max Weber’s definition of government as “a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical 
force” misleading for understanding American government? 
(A) The legitimate use of physical force has nothing to do with American government. 
(B) Due to the American system of federalism, over many areas of public policy, no single government has a 
monopoly over the legitimate use of force.  (C) It emphasizes the executive function of government at the expense of the legislative and judicial functions  of government  11. Which of the following statements are  about the concept of sovereignty in America?   (A) In America, it is understood that the people are sovereign. 
(B) In the international system, it is understood that the United States is “sovereign” in the sense that it has a 
right to defend itself (and the people) from interference from other countries.  (C) In America, the state governments are sovereign. 
(D) To have sovereignty is to be the highest authority to rule over a given territory. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
background image 12. How does government exert power over people?  (A) The only negative incentive governments are able to use is the power of the sword. 
(B) To say that government exercises power over the people is to say that government can get the people to do 
what the people would not otherwise do.  (C) Money is used by governments, as well as other human organizations, as a carrot and a stick in order to get  people to do what they otherwise would not do.  (D) No government is able to exercise power over people by using, or threatening to use, physical force. 
(E) Governments are the only human organizations that seek to exercise power by affecting hearts and minds. 
 
13.  
TRUE or FALSE ​ In American government, the “power of the sword” (i.e. physical force) is said to be lodged  in the legislative branch of government while the “power of the purse” (i.e. the power of money) is wielded by the 
executive branch of government. 
 
14. Jane loves driving her gas-guzzling, carbon-dioxide-emitting Rolls-Royce Phantom. She also would like to live 
in a world without climate change and she believes carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is causing climate change; 
thus, she believes she and the world would be better off if total carbon dioxide emissions are reduced. However, she 
knows that her own individual contribution, as large as it is, does not itself affect the climate and, besides, she would 
rather let others bear the burden of reducing overall carbon dioxide emissions. If others bear the burden, Jane 
reasons, she will enjoy a world without climate change AND still get to drive her Phantom. It’s a win-win for Jane! 
  
Which of the following statements are accurate about this story? 
(A) There is probably no collective action problem in this story. 
(B) A "public good" in this story is Jane's Rolls-Royce Phantom. 
(C) Jane is a free-rider. 
(D) A "public good" in this story is "a world without climate change." 
 
Chapter 2 
15. Which of the following is an example of a socioeconomic right? 
(a)  The right to life. 
(b)  The right to liberty. 
(c)  The right to housing. 
 
16. 
TRUE or FALSE ​Several of the specific aspirations listed in the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution reflect the  shared American commitment to the idea that a primary purpose of government is to secure basic rights, such as the 
rights to life and liberty. 
 
17. Which of the following statements are 
TRUE​?  (A) Americans agree about which specific government policies intended to promote happiness are appropriate. 
(B) Americans agree about which specific government policies most effectively promote happiness. 
(C)  A longstanding American belief is that a legitimate purpose of government is to promote the happiness and 
welfare of the people. 
 
18.  Which of the following do most Americans today agree are illegitimate purposes for government to serve? 
(A) Promoting racial supremacy. 
(B) Theocratic government. 
(C) Promoting happiness / welfare 
(D) Securing rights. 
 

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School: Georgia State University
Department: Political Science
Course: Political Science
Professor: Sparks
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Government, americangovernment, Studyguide, and POLS1101
Name: POLS1101 Exam 1 Study Guide (pt.1)
Description: POLS 1101 American Government Study Guide for Exam 1, Part 1 Don’t forget to complete all your study quizzes, chapter elevations, your view questions, and poll questions.
Uploaded: 01/29/2017
7 Pages 304 Views 243 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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