History Study Guide
∙ Most technologically advanced country in 1500
∙ They invented paper, gunpowder, tea, and possibly noodles
∙ Had no need to expand because it had all the resources it needed ∙ Restricted trade with outside sources
∙ Exported porcelain, silk, and cotton textiles to Europe, imported silver from Europe
∙ Divided the world into 3 groups: Chinese, cooked foreigners, and raw foreigners
∙ Extremely isolationist
∙ Set up trade with the Portuguese in Nagasaki, but replaced them with the Dutch when the Portuguese tried to convert the Japanese to Christianity ∙ They ban any Japanese person who left Japan from coming back.
∙ Great at making pretty textiles
∙ High demand for Indian textiles in Africa and Europe, high demand for plain Indian textiles in the Americas to clothe slaves
∙ Whenever there is a natural disaster there is not enough food in India Africa:
∙ Slaves are sold within Africa and are exported to the Middle East and the Americas
∙ Slaves sold to the Middle East are made eunuchs and made to guard men’s wives.
∙ Slaves sold within Africa are used for skilled labor, domestic labor, and human sacrifices, never agriculture
∙ Slavery in Africa is not hereditary
∙ People sold themselves into slavery to pay debts, POWs are made slaves, and prisoners are made slaves
∙ Slaves are exported, while rum, guns, and Indian textiles are imported ∙ Slave trade expands from 1500-1700 and declines from 1800-1900
∙ Europe quickly becomes the most scientifically advanced place on Earth. ∙ They are not very rich, powerful, or technologically advanced ∙ Europe controlled by the very powerful Catholic church
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∙ The church was very corrupt and a catholic priest named Martin Luther started the Reformation
∙ The Bible is translated to many different languages starting with German. ∙ The Lutheran Church is led by Martin Luther and spread to Germany, Norway, and the Baltics
∙ The Anglican Church is started in England by Henry Tudor to divorce his wife ∙ The Calvinist Church is started in Switzerland by John Calvin. ∙ The Calvinists let the congregation lead the church.
∙ The Scientific Revolution grew out of the Reformation
∙ Scientists began to question the church.
∙ Copernicus proposed a heliocentric universe, Kepler supported his theory and added elliptical orbits, Galileo wrote about the heliocentric universe in a comedy in Italian instead of in Latin
∙ Europe was heavily involved in the Americas.
∙ The Spanish sent Christopher Columbus to try and find a shorter route to India, but he found the Caribbean instead.
∙ The Spanish colonized Mexico, Central America, South America, and the western United States We also discuss several other topics like mizzou marketing courses
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∙ The Aztecs were led by Montezuma in Tenochtitlan and they were the most powerful empire in the Americas.
∙ The Caribbean, the United States, Canada, and South America all had subsistence level societies.
∙ Mexico was a surplus producing society.
∙ The English colonized the Eastern United States.
∙ Puritans in Massachusetts tried to create a theocracy there. ∙ The Dutch colonized New York.
∙ The French colonized Canada.
∙ Slavery in the Americas involved agriculture and was hereditary. ∙ There was less slavery in Canada, New York, and the Eastern United States as it couldn’t grow sugar, tobacco, or cotton.