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UTD / Psychology / PSY 3360 / How does psychology study introspection?

How does psychology study introspection?

How does psychology study introspection?

Description

School: University of Texas at Dallas
Department: Psychology
Course: Historical Perspectives on Psychology: Mind and Machines Since 1600
Professor: Walter dowling
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Metaphysics, Montainge, descartes, Spinoza, and Lashley
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 1 Review
Description: These notes cover what will be on next week's exam!
Uploaded: 01/30/2017
11 Pages 110 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


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Historical Perspectives 3360If you want to learn more check out What is carboxylic acid used for?

Framework for Mind and Body

Metaphysics

Framework to begin studying universeWe also discuss several other topics like What’s the difference between design and craft?

DescarteIf you want to learn more check out What counts as "normal" practice or behaviors and socializes bodies to those "normal" habits?

Ontology

  • Study of “what is?”

Epistemology

  • “How do we know what there is?”

Ontology

  • onto - what is
  • logy - logic/ study of

Don't forget about the age old question of How can i calculate area?

Dualism (mind and body)

  • Interactionius (RD) mental and physical
  • Parallel dualism (GL) - orental and physical

        Can't interact but always come out evenDon't forget about the age old question of What are the characteristics of igneous rocks?

Neutralism

Metaphysics - framework for thinking about the philosophical foundations of psychology

What does psychology study? Mind? Behavior? BrainIf you want to learn more check out What is the importance of civil litigation?

How does it study it (introspection)?

Behavioral measurement? Neuroscience?

Metaphysics

→ Ontology - study of what there is

→ Epistemology - study of how we know what there is

Ontology - is there one sort of stuff, or two (or more) sort of stuff in the universe?

Dualism - two sorts of stuff mind and matter

  • Interactive: they interact (Descartes)
  • Parallel: they don’t interact, but always come out even (Leibniz)
  • Integrative: ideally they act in concert (Montaine)

Problems with interactive dualism

  • How does an immaterial soul (mind) affect a material body?
  • More specifically how does the interface work
  • If it works, doesn’t that inevitably violate the laws of physics
  • Do animals / creatures have souls, or just humans (one could be a dualist and not follow Descartes in restricting souls to humans)

Ontology - is there one sort of stuff, or two (or more) sorts of stuff in universe

Monism - one sort of stuff, but what?

  • Material - Hobbes, Pavlov, Watson, Skinner
  • Mental - Berkeley everything is mental not physical

Neutral - Spinoza - we never encounter the real underlying reality, but only observe it in its guize as mind or matter mental and physical are real

Psychology - study of mental life? Study of behavior?

Epistemology - how do we know what there is?

In relation to mind and body:

  • Problem of Personal Identity - how do we know ourselves
  • Problems of other minds - how do we know there are others like us? (aliens or robots)

In general

  • Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Bobbes) we know through reason. top down approach
  • Empiricism - we know through observing the world. bottom up approach
  • Emmanuel Kant → Modern Synthesis - combine the two methods        

Newtonian theory still used for launching satellites

GPS - Einstein type mathematics

Rationalism vs Empiricism

  • Rationalism - Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz
  • Empiricism - Bacon, Hobbes, Locke, Hume
  • Modern Synthesis - Kant, Peirce
  • Note that  the issue of nature vs nurture in human development is not completely parallel to the rationalism vs empiricism distinction, though rationalists have tended to side with nature and empiricists with nurture. Ex. one could be an empirical scientist and believe in inherited cognitive abilities.

Rationalism                                        Empiricism

                Montaigne (1533-1592)

                                                Bacon (1561-1626)

                                                Hobbes (1588-1679)

Descartes (1596-1650)

Spinoza (1632-1677)                                Locke (1632-1704)

Leibniz (1646-1716)                                        

Berkeley (1685-1753)

Hume (1711-1776)

                Kant (1724-1804)

Portraying Characters on Stage

1600s Shakespeare

Monteverdi

Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)                                

Family name: Eyquem

  • Montaigne - not a philosopher

Father lawyer - suburban life

Father made him learn latin

  • Background: Latin/studied laws/politicism

Bordeaux friendship with La Boetie

  • Context: civil war(St. Bartholomew-24 Aug 1512)

Succession to the throne / Catherine de Medici / Future Henry IV

  • Writing Style: tries to reach the reading public/ rough and ready sytle
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