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UTA - PSYC 3320 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UTA - PSYC 3320 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of Texas at Arlington
Department: Psychology
Course: Brain and Behavior
Professor: Scott Coleman
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Psychology and behavior
Name: Study Guide CH 1-3
Description: These notes are now filled in from the professor. I take no credit for making them just answering them. CHEERS XX
Uploaded: 01/31/2017
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background image Motivation: Theory, Research, and  Applications, 6 th  ed  Petri and Govern     Study Guide    (Page numbers and question numbers modified  from 5 th  ed. study guide by   Denise Arellano)       Chapter 1     1.              What is motivation? (p. 4) 
background image Forces acting on or within an organism to initiate and direct  behavior.       2.              We use the concept of motivation to 
explain differences in the 
________
intensity _______ of behavior, as well  as to indicate the 
____
Persistence ________________ of  behavior. (p. 4)        3.              We manipulate hours of food 
deprivation and measure running speed, but 
these are not motivation. How can we infer 
motivation? (p. 4)  
 “ Motivation, however, can be inferred from the change  in behavior that occurred and an indication of its 
background image strength can be observed in the rat’s speed of 
responding in the maze.” Aka hunger. 
   4.              Motivation serves as an intervening 
variable
 in the example of running rats. Define 
this term (p. 4-5)  
 Is a concept developed by a researcher that serves to link a 
stimulus and a response and helps to relate the two. Stimulus + 
response. 
   5.               How does the text describe a 
performance variable? (p. 5) 
  When enough motivation is present, behavior is performed;  when motivation is too low, behavior is absent.     6.         Contrast motivation with learning. (p. 5)     Motivation as a performance variable is often contrasted with  learning, where permanent changes in behavior occur (although 
learning obviously also influences performance). We learn many things 
background image that are not immediately demonstrated in behavior depends, at least in 
part, upon adequate motivation.
     7.               While the occurrence of overt 
behavior is generally taken as evidence of 
motivation, its absence does not necessarily 
mean what? (p. 6) 
  Does not necessarily mean that no motivation is  present.      8.              Both casual observation and 
laboratory research suggest that 
______
energetic ____________ behavior is  more motivated than 
_________
hesitant ________ behavior. (p. 6)       
background image 9.              Vigorous responses do not always 
mean high motivation. Give the example from 
the book that demonstrates this fact. (p. 7) 
  For example, to teach a rat that the correct responses to  obtain food is to push down a lever with a certain 
amount of force. In this instance the observer would not 
index motivation alone; factors such as learning to 
respond force fully would also be involved. Activation 
Properties. 
   10.              ______ Directionality ______ is often  considered an index of motivational state. (p. 7)        11.              What is the goal of preference 
testing? (p. 7) 
  To discover what the subject preferred by measuring the  amount consumed giving evidence of the one preferred.  
background image    12.              What is the main difference in focus 
between the nomothetic and the idiographic 
approach? (p. 7-8) 
 Nomothetic approach involves the development of 
general or universal laws. Similar 
Idiographic approach which proposes that we can 
understand behavior by looking at how people differ 
from each other. Unique 
   13.              What is the term used by McDougall 
and James to describe innate motives? (p. 8) 
  Instincts     14.              According to the text, different 
motive states can be conceptualized as needs 
background image that promote need-reducing behaviors. How 
are needs usually viewed? (p. 8) 
  As internal sources of motivation that activate and direct  behavior to items in the environment that alleviate some 
state of deprivation. 
Others emphasize external sources  of motivation provided by goals.      15.              What are the assumptions of the 
mechanistic approach? (p. 9) 
  That changes in specific factors activate circuits  that turn motivate the organism to engage in 
behavior. Intern need states motivated innate 
patterns of behavior
     16.              What are the assumptions of the 
cognitive approach? (p. 9) 
background image   That the manner in which information is interpreted  influences motive states. Externally motivated states and 
acquired motives 
  * at this time no one approach would appear to be  better than any other in explaining motivation in its 
entirety.
  17.              What are the four main categories 
used by the book to describe levels of analysis? 
(pp. 9-10) 
  Physiological analysis, individual analysis, social  analysis, and philosophical analysis.     18.              What has direct manipulation of the 
brain by electrical stimulation shown us? (p. 10) 
 That brain circuits exist that may be active 
when reward occurs. 
  

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Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Texas at Arlington who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of Texas at Arlington
Department: Psychology
Course: Brain and Behavior
Professor: Scott Coleman
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Psychology and behavior
Name: Study Guide CH 1-3
Description: These notes are now filled in from the professor. I take no credit for making them just answering them. CHEERS XX
Uploaded: 01/31/2017
65 Pages 141 Views 112 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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