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FAU / Sociology / SYG 1000 / What is the purpose of sociological research?

What is the purpose of sociological research?

What is the purpose of sociological research?

Description

School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: Sociology
Course: Sociological Perspectives
Professor: Stacy pope salerno
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Sociology Week 3 Notes
Description: Notes taken in Week 3 of Sociology. Covers Chapter 2.
Uploaded: 01/31/2017
3 Pages 88 Views 1 Unlocks
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Week 3 SociologyIf you want to learn more check out What is the prohibition in congress?

Ch 2: Understanding The Research Process

I.) Purpose of Sociological Research

  • Challenge commonly held beliefs
  • Solve social problems

We also discuss several other topics like Who is the youngest of the titans in greek mythology?

II.) Science as a source of knowledge

  • Objectivity : We do not let our personal biases affect our work

* There is no way for a human to be 100.1 Objective *Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of product orientation in marketing?

B.) How to increase objectivity

  • Carefully design our research
  • State your theoretical perspective

C.) Verifiability

  • Scientist repeat studies that have already been done

If you want to learn more check out Who is d.w. griffith?

III.) Steps in the research process (IN BOOK) Don't forget about the age old question of What surface of the cell is attached to the basement membrane?

IV.) Basic research concepts We also discuss several other topics like Why does every decision we make have an opportunity cost?

A.) Causation: events occur in non random predictable ways, and one event leads to

another. (A is causing B")

B.) Hypothesis: educated guess

C.) Independent Variable: Cause

Dependent venables: effect (what is being measured)

V.) Establishing Causal Relationship

A.) Establish a correlation: When a change in one variable is associated with a change

in the other variable = connection or tied together.

n Positive correlation = independent variable and dependent variable change in the

SAME direction. ↓ ↓, ↑ ↑

n Negative correlation = variables change in OPPOSITE directions. ↓ ↑, ↑ ↓

B.) Avoid Spurious Conciation: When the causal relationship you see between 2

variables is actually being produced by another vanable.

Weather (heat) → As ice cream consumption → the murder rate goes up ↑

increases ↑                increases ↑                (Positive correlation in same direction)

People → If you cohabitation → most likely to divorce

C.) Note the time order: You have to make sure in real life that your independent

variable happened before your dependent variable.

D.) Multiple causation: an event occurs as a result of several factors acting in

combination

(ex / studying hard = A on exam… + goodnight sleep,+ good break fast)

VI.) Types of sociological research

A.) Experiment: define

  • least common method
  • Zimbardo = prison

B.) Survey: Questionnaire

  • Quantitative research: large sample; statistics to analyze the data
  1. Sample: cases drawn from the population you wanna study
  2. Fixed choice questions = Multiple choice questions (inside example)

Open-Ended questions = Blank space ....

C.) Fieldwork: research that takes place in the natural setting.

  • Qualitative research: smaller sample, do not use stats - other techniques (ex/interview) - Can't generalize as much

* Participant observation: when the researcher becomes a member of the group

they are studying, either with or without informing the group they are a

researcher.

D.) Life Histories: Creating a biography

E.) Historical research: Studying events that took place in the past

F.) Comparative Research: Comparing

G.) Content Analysis: examine the media for messages

VII.) Advantages + Disadvantages of each method (In Book )

VIII.) Ethics in Sociological Research

Ethics: you do not harm your participants

  • Milgram tests obedience.

        Steps to go through

  1. research approval
  2. informed consent
  3. Debrief = show results / deceptive?

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