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FDU / Film / FILM 1350 / Who is d.w. griffith?

Who is d.w. griffith?

Who is d.w. griffith?


School: Fairleigh Dickinson University
Department: Film
Course: History of Film
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: history, Film, movies, directors, Studios, Chaplin, and Griffith
Cost: 25
Name: History of Film Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes cover all that we discussed in class on January 31st. All highlighted names are ones that were mentioned as important, which may help out while drafting out your papers.
Uploaded: 01/31/2017
3 Pages 39 Views 1 Unlocks


Who is d.w. griffith?

Chapter Two: The Birth of an American Industry 

D.W. Griffith 

• Cameraman was Billy Blitzer, Griffith was the director  

• Films include Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916)  

• Greatly significant filmmaker - used multiple shots and added pacing (the temporal quality of  moving from shot to shot)  

• Used close-ups more frequently  

• Used fade-outs as a passage of time  

• Contention/violence/conflict  

• Used large number of camera styles, giving audience different vantage points  • In 1908, Griffith was an actor in a film by Porter. Later that same year, he became a director  having seen things from one side of a camera most directors hadn’t been on.  • Griffith contained the action/the behavior of the people in front of the camera, making the  acting more believable  

Who owned the keystone film company?

• Birth of a Nation cost 110,000 dollars to make — however, it paid off, as the box office was  stupendous  

• Intolerance was Griffith’s reaction to the reactions to Birth of a Nation — didn’t do as well at  the box office  

• Woodrow Wilson was president at the time, screenings would often occur in the White House;  he enjoyed and approved of the film (Birth of a Nation) , despite the criticism it received  • Spent 1.9 million dollars on Intolerance, as a response to the critique Birth of a Nation received  

Lois Weber 

• Paid the equivalent sum of money that Griffith was paid  

What is the studio of carl laemmle?

We also discuss several other topics like What surface of the cell is attached to the basement membrane?

• Attention was to social issue films - used a great deal of detail  

• Originally worked in screenplay writing and in acting, worked for Gaumont  • Directed Guy’s husband in one of her films  

Carl Laemmle 

• Challenged Edison’s Motion Picture Patents Co. aka the Trust & Biograph  • Founded Independent Moving Pictures Co. (IMP)

• Later on became Universal Pictures

• Laemmle’s film exchange  

• Charged the visitors only rental fees

• Edison was upset and filed a lawsuit  

• Hired Florence Lawrence  

• Laemmle offered Lawrence more than Edison offered her when she was the Biograph girl, thus  making her the IMP girl  

• Went to the courts about this where it was determined that the trust was actually a monopoly,  ruling against Edison, paving the way for future filmmakers to start up their own studios  • All the major studios started picking up and moving to California


Mack Sennett 

• Owned the Keystone Film Company  

• Keystone Kops troupe  

Charles Chaplin 

• Hired by Mack Sennett  We also discuss several other topics like What is the study of how we make decisions when resources are limited?

• Created a character around 1914 called the Little Tramp and brought forth that character into  Sennett’s films  

• Learned to be more expressive than other performers  

• United Artists Studios  

• He began to write, produce and direct his own movies  

• Teamed up with Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks Sr., Mary Pickford  

• Directed his first feature-length comedy in 1921  

• Directed and starred in The Kid (1921), The Gold Rush (1925), City Lights (1931)  • Wrote, produced, and directed himself in his films  


• Carl Laemmle - Universal Pictures (1912)  

• William Fox - Fox Film Corp. (1915)  We also discuss several other topics like How do you interpret mean, median, and mode in research?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of objective introspection in psychology?

• Merges with 20th Century Pictures (1935)  

• Adolph Zukor & Jesse Lasky - Paramount Pictures (1916)  

• Jack, Sam, Albert, Harry Warner - Warner Bros. (1923)  

• Samuel Goldwyn, Marcus Lowe, Louis B. Mayer, Nicholas Schenck - Metro Goldwyn Mayer (1924)  

• Jack and Harry Cohn - Columbia Pictures (1924)  We also discuss several other topics like What happened during the axial age?

Comedy and Slapstick 

Buster Keaton 

• Cops (1922), The Balloonatic (1923), The General (1927)  

Harold Lloyd 

• Safety Last (1923), The Freshman (1925), Speedy (1928)  

• Specialist of the thrill  

Studio Abuses 

• Block booking = requires that a theatre owner has to buy a full season or a full year of all the  films that particular studio comes out with  

• Blind bidding = requires that a theatre owner must take each film sight unseen  • Paramount Studios, in particular, was a major culprit of these abuses  

Hays Office (1922) Don't forget about the age old question of What does paradigm mean?

• Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, (MPPDA)  

• Wrote morality clauses in the contracts of all studio personnel  

• Producers and directors didn’t want their product to be put in jeopardy, didn’t want the  newspapers to say anything pejorative about them


Cecil B. Demille  

• Old Wives for New (1918), Don’t Change Your Husband (1919), The Ten Commandments (1923)  

• Miscreants are always punished in the last bit of the film, thus proving crime doesn’t pay and  immorality doesn’t win out; therefore, doesn’t break the morality clause  

Robert Flaherty  

• Nanook of the North (1922)  

• Entire film was destroyed - this was a real documentary  

• Revillon Frères gave Flaherty $50,000 to head back up North and reshoot the film  • The film was then restaged and no longer entirely real  

• Creates a new form of film, popular documentary

• Moana (1926)  

Erich von Stroheim 

• Greed (1924) — 42 reels (films averaged 10-14 at the time)  

• Goldwyn (the producer of the studio at the time) cut film to 24 reels  

• Irving Thalberg (became head of the studio just before the film was released) cut film to 10 reels  • Foolish Wives (1922)  

• The Merry Widow (1925)

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