What do Art and design mean?
∙ Walter Gropius, 1926 building example
∙ KEy point: critical questioning of how we understand design
o Especially, the context out of which design, and the design process, emerges o Context shapes what we do
∙ Parameters around design
o Economic: every designed object has and economic bottom line (someone has to pay)
o Social: what is acceptable to society
o Political: What is deemed as appropriate to those in power
∙ Origins of Design Ideals
o Origins of western aesthetic preferences can be traced to GrecoRoman world of the 5th century BC.
o Key judgement: valuation of naturalism(realistic)> moved toward realism and symmetry as ideals
o How did Greek aesthetic sensibilities… We also discuss several other topics like What are the steps of a controlled experiment?
∙ Parthenon, and Renaissance Italy (valuation examples)
o Asked questions about the effect of mechanical reproduction on the aura of art o Raised the issue of the politics of art what possibilities or problems does reproduction open?
Reproduction of Bicycle wheel example (Marcel Duchamp)
∙ Buchanan We also discuss several other topics like What are the basic human needs?
o Design has no natural subject matter, yet design is a major factor in most areas of contemporary life We also discuss several other topics like Does the quaker religion still exist?
o Describes design as “New liberal art of technological cultures”
o Placements as arranging signs, things, actions, thoughts, to respond to specific ∙ Chuck Close Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of anabolism in biochemistry?
o Design thinking process
∙ Richard Meyer
Specific style of work
Show set of placements that Buchanan talks about
∙ Wicked Problems
o Defined in 1960’s by Horst Rittel
o Nonlinear problems
o Solutions create new problems
o Problem without clear boundaries
o Ex: traffic urban transportation →
o Leads to design thinking a process and way of thinking well suited for → indeterminate problems Don't forget about the age old question of When does the new left wave happen?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of typological theories concept in natural selection?
o Design’s technology (method of argument) has a particular connection to particular problems
o Horst Rittel calls design “a science of the artificial”
Artificial as they are produced by humans, distinct from natural world Argued that design focuses on understanding and shaping the naural world
Wicked problems occur when artificial and natural world meet o Myth of Tortured Genius?
o Giorgio Vasari’s Lives of the Artists
A series of biographies of various designers
Key development was to emphasize
o Tim Brown “Design is too important to be left to designers” The best work is often created hand in hand with other people and communication