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YSU / OTHER / PSYCH 1560 / Which philosophic view sees human beings as machines which can be unde

Which philosophic view sees human beings as machines which can be unde

Which philosophic view sees human beings as machines which can be unde

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General Psychology Exam 1 Study guide part  1


Which philosophic view, sees human beings as machines which can be understood as a collection of their individual parts?



1. What 2 related concepts are included in the definition of psychology? Behavior and  science

2. What are overt and covert behavior? Overt: Out in the open/ Cover: hidden within self 3. Know and describe the 4 goals in science. Description, explanation, prediction, and  modification. Description: recording how many times behavior occurs for how long,  where or with whom/ explanation: Why a behavior occurs & attempts to identify its  cause/ Prediction: Attempt to anticipate what behavior comes next or at some point in the future/ Modification: change of behavior in order to improve the individual or society 4. How does pseudoscience differ from science? Pseudoscience sounds like science but isn’t measured on objective measure of data


Who is considered to be the founder of psychology?



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5. Which philosophic view, sees human beings as machines which can be understood as a  collection of their individual parts? Reductionism

6. Who is considered to be the founder of psychology? Wilhelm Wundt

7. What school of psychology had as its goal understanding the elements of consciousness? Structuralism

8. What method requires subjects to report their raw, unfiltered sensations of their conscious experience? Introspection

9. What point of view argues that the contents of the mind are difficult to understand as a  collection of separate parts because the content is ever changing? Stream of  consciousness 


What school of psychology had as its goal understanding the elements of consciousness?



Don't forget about the age old question of What does white’s fine­tuning argument (fta) mean?

General Psychology Exam 1 Study guide part  1

10. What point of view argues that consciousness may never be analyzed as a collection of  parts because it can only be understood as a whole? Gestalt

11. Be able to identify examples of each of these perspectives: biological, cognitive,  psychodynamic, humanistic, social/cultural. B: Assumes all human behavior and  functioning have their origins in the biological processes in the body/ C:The way humans  think and know the world around them/ P: focus on the unconscious, which contains  thoughts, desires, wishes, and motivations that affect what we do, although we are  unaware of their influence

12. What is it called when psychologists embrace & selectively choose among the many  perspectives? Eclecticism

13. When psychologists go to graduate school to receive advanced training in research  methodology and theory, they are qualified to earn what degree? Ph. D Don't forget about the age old question of Why was hades banned from olympus?

14. What degree to psychiatrists hold? Psy. D

15. Data which are reliably observed are called? Empiricism 

16. When sciences ask questions that can be answered by the collection of empirical data,  they are asking what kind of questions? Testability

17. Reliance on observable data defines the scientific criterion of (fill in the blank). Empiricism Don't forget about the age old question of What are some examples of culture bound syndromes?
We also discuss several other topics like What forms microtubules during cell division are used for separating chromosomes?

18. The idea that human behavior is ultimately understandable & predictable has its basis in  the scientific criteria of (fill in the blank). Determinism

19. Research which is performed to satisfy curiosity or to answer theoretical questions is  called (fill in the blank) research. Basic

General Psychology Exam 1 Study guide part  1

20. Be able to identify examples of basic and applied research. Basic: Designed to answer  theoretical questions (What was the purpose of the Boston tea party incident?) / Applied:  Research where the practical implications and applications are obvious ( Finding the best  way to ease or rid the symptoms of a cold)

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