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UMW / Sociology / SOC 349 / The law in making contraceptives legal for married people was passed w

The law in making contraceptives legal for married people was passed w

The law in making contraceptives legal for married people was passed w


School: University of Mary Washington
Department: Sociology
Course: Psychology of Human Sexuality
Professor: Jennifer mailloux
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology, study, and guide
Cost: 50
Name: Human Sexuality Study Guide 1
Description: This study guide covers the material for test 1.
Uploaded: 02/04/2017
5 Pages 36 Views 1 Unlocks

Psychology of Human Sexuality Study Guide (Exam 1) 

The law in making contraceptives legal for married people was passed when?

Chapter 1: Perspectives on Sexuality

I. Terms to Know 

a. Sexuality: Your sex and gender. Your sexual orientation. b. Biologically innate: Natural. Genetic. What is imbedded in your being. No control over it. Like a default setting.

c. Sexual intelligence: Has four components.

d. Penitentials:

II. People to Know 

a. Mary Wollstonecraft

b. Celia Mosher

c. Sigmund Freud

d. Havelock Ellis

e. Hugh Hefner

f. Alfred Kinsey

g. Betty Friedan

III. Two Beliefs of Western Cultural Legacy 

Who was the first guy to do sexual research on a large scale?

1. Procreation is the only legitimate reason for intercourse. (In the case that the couple is married and intercourse is penile vaginal only.)

a. This belief was born from the Roman Catholic Church, which  preached abstinence and sex for procreation only. (Sex has a  purpose and it is not for pleasure.) Since sex is for  

procreation, only penile-vaginal intercourse is accepted. There is no use for other sex. (Homosexuality especially.)

2. Men and women have specific roles. (Broadly and sexually.) a. Men are allowed to always want sex, while women should not. Men who sleep around are “studs”, while women are  


IV. Society’s Expectations Regarding Sexuality 

Who wrote "studies in the psychology of sex"?

Don't forget about the age old question of What does white’s fine­tuning argument (fta) mean?
If you want to learn more check out Why was hades banned from olympus?

a. Abnormal vs. normal

b. “How” to have sex

c. How to talk about sex

d. How sex is taught (FLE)

e. Gender roles

V. Four Components of Sexual Intelligence If you want to learn more check out What motor proteins are associated with microtubules?

1. Understanding your sexuality  

2. Learning sexual skills

3. Possessing [accurate] sexual knowledge

4. Understanding the context of sexuality

VI. History of Western Sexuality 

a. Judaic and Christian Traditions

i. Hebrews recognized that sex could be used to create a strong  emotional bond between husband and wife

Psychology of Human Sexuality Study Guide (Exam 1) 

ii. Saint John preached that abstinence was the key to spiritual  being (Christianity). Christians believe sex was only for  procreation.

iii. Both believed in specific roles for each gender.

b. Middle Ages

i. Strongly believed in both rules

ii. If you sin, you must look up your punishment in the  penitentials

iii. Subjugation of women persisted.

c. Protestant Reformation (1500s)

i. Sex for pleasure was slightly more accepted. We also discuss several other topics like What criteria are considered to determine a psychological disorder?

ii. Gender roles are still strict.  

d. The Enlightenment (1700s)

i. Both beliefs still persisted.

ii. Some people began to challenge the beliefs.

iii. Mary Wollstonecraft: Explicitly stated that women should  have rights and talked about women’s sexual satisfaction.  Also stated that sex out of wedlock is not a sin. Wrote “A  Vindication of the Rights of Women”. Don't forget about the age old question of What is the atomic number for the atom?

e. The Victorian Era (1800s)

i. Traditional gender roles are strictly defined. (Beliefs turned full force.)

ii. Men and women have very strict rules on how to  act/dress/behave

iii. Many men acted one way in the home, but were visiting  whore houses

iv. Prostitution flourished

v. Middle to upper-class women got married, while many lower class women became prostitutes

vi. Women existed for sexual use and to maintain the home  (Wives=procreation & Prostitutes=pleasure)

vii. Celia Mosher: Interviewed Victorian women about their sex  lives and sexual behaviors. Directly challenged the idea that  women are asexual beings. In 30 years she interviewed 47  women about their sex lives.

f. Early 1900s (WWI-Roaring Twenties) Don't forget about the age old question of What is the definition of a controlled variable in science?

i. Sigmund Freud: Talked about dreams and the unconscious,  which got people to open up and talk about sex.

ii. Havelock Ellis: Talked about sex physically and emotionally.  Talked about women’s sexuality. Said masturbation/anal/oral  sex is okay as long as it’s healthy and happy. Said that sex for  pleasure and out of wedlock is okay. (Including homosexual  sex.) Wrote “Studies in the Psychology of Sex”.

Psychology of Human Sexuality Study Guide (Exam 1) 

iii. Men went to war, leaving women to get into the work force  and realize they could do more.

iv. Men encountered other cultures.

v. Gender roles got looser.

vi. Women earned the right to vote.

vii. First automobiles led to more freedom for men and women.  (Especially when courting.)

viii. The condom was created in 1916, but they weren’t widely  available.

ix. Sex is still not widely accepted. (Women didn’t want to ruin  their reputations. Fear of STDs and pregnancy.)

x. Increase in foreplay, but not premarital sex.

g. Early-Mid 1900s (Great Depression-WWII)

i. Return to traditional gender roles.

ii. Conservatism (in regards to sex) returns.

iii. Contraception becomes more widely available/accepted.  (Time of the Great Depression therefore having multiple  

children was frowned upon.)

iv. Hugh Hefner: First issue of Playboy (50 cents). Featured  Marilyn Monroe on the cover.

v. Alfred Kinsey: First guy to do sexual research on a large  scale (The Kinsey Report). Wrote “Sexual Behavior in the  

Human Female”. First modern research. First to form a  

conceptualization of sexual orientation.

h. Mid-Late: Post WWII

i. Betty Friedan: Author of “The Feminine Mystique”. Explicitly  gathered, summarized, and stated that women didn’t want  the roles they were given. Challenged gender roles.  

ii. Playgirl (1960s)

i. Late: Sexual Revolution

i. In 1965 a law was passed making contraceptives legal for  married people.

ii. In 1972 contraceptives legal for all

iii. In 1973 abortion is legalized

iv. The pill becomes available.

v. Self-help sex books came out (The Joy of Sex).

vi. Increased acceptance of homosexuality

vii. Homosexuality was removed from the DSM in 1973

Chapter 2: Sexology Methodology

VII. Terms to Know 

a. Non-experiments

b. Case Study

Psychology of Human Sexuality Study Guide (Exam 1) 

c. Survey

d. Direct Observation

e. Experiments

f. “Thinking off”

g. Kinsey Reports

h. Nonresponse

i. Volunteer bias

j. Demographic bias

k. Social desirability

l. Direct observation


n. Penile Strain Gauge

o. Myography

p. Mercury loop

q. Electromechanical

Chapter 3: Female Anatomy

VIII. Terms to Know 

a. Vulva

b. Mons Veneris (Mons Pubis)

c. Labia Majora

d. Labia Minora

e. Clitoral Hood (Prepuce)

f. Clitoris

g. Vestibule

h. Urethral Opening/Oriface

i. Introitus (Vaginal opening)

j. Hymen

k. Perineum

l. Anus


n. Clitoral Shaft

o. Clitoral Glands

p. Clitoral Crura

q. Urethral Sponge

r. Vestible Bulbs

s. Cavernous Bodies

t. Engorge

u. Perineal Body (PS Spot)

v. Bartholin’s Gland

w. Uterus

x. Vagina

y. Cervix

z. Os

Psychology of Human Sexuality Study Guide (Exam 1) 

aa. Endometrium

ab. Fallopian Tubes

ac. Fimbriae

ad. Ovaries

ae. Mucosa

af.Fibrous tissue

ag. Grafenberg Spot (G Spot)

ah. Menstruation


aj.Proliferative (Follicular) Phase

ak. Secretory (Luteal) Phase


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