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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image January 31, 2017 
The Scientific Method:
Theory  o Hypothesis: Testable statement of what you predict will  happen Primary Hypothesis: There is a relationship 
between the variables 
Null Hypothesis: There is no relationship between 
the variables 
Prediction  Experiment Observation  Case Studies Detailed description/histories of individuals Usually focus on ONE individual Advantages: o Can study rare problems that do not exist in may people
o Can help generate new ideas and theories
Disadvantages:  o Patient and or therapist may have biased report of  interpretation  o Hard to generalize to other people  What can you do with case studies? o Learn details of what took place 
o Generate ideas about why it occurred
o Disprove an “always” or “never”
o Prove a general law (generalize to other people, times, 
or circumstances)
background image o Demonstrate correlation or causation What can you NOT do? Can’t generalize to other people, places, times.  Just because 
this is how it was for one person does not mean it’s how 
another person with the same disorder will feel, behave, or 
respond to treatment.
Can’t say anything causal or even correlational. Correlational Studies Relationship between two variables NO manipulation
o Relationship can be positive or negative (if there is one)
Example: Strong correlational between ice cream sales and 
shark attacks
Disadvantages/problems? o “Third variable” problem (could be  season/weather/temp) o Directionality?? (don’t know what is influencing what) Correlation ≠ Causation (Cant have causation without 
correlation) 
Operational Definitions & Assessments o Cortisol Levels = Salivary levels
o Depression = Total score on self-report measure of 
symptoms (BDI-II) Outcomes & Conclusions o If positive correlation between cortisol (salivary levels)  and depression (BDI-II score), THEN hypothesis is 
supported. Otherwise, canNOT reject the null
Possible Interpretations of Correlations o High Cortisol could cause depression 
o Depression could cause High Cortisol
o Distressing event or Biological Predisposition could 
cause High Cortisol and Depression  Logic of Causal Influence o Need all 3 of the following to prove causation: Requirement #1: Correlational

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: abnormal and Psychology
Name: Week 4 CLP 4143 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from class and the book from week 4
Uploaded: 02/05/2017
3 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
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