Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

Created by: Tara Elite Notetaker

> > > > FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 3 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image January 31, 2017 
The Scientific Method:
Theory  o Hypothesis: Testable statement of what you predict will  happen Primary Hypothesis: There is a relationship 
between the variables 
Null Hypothesis: There is no relationship between 
the variables 
Prediction  Experiment Observation  Case Studies Detailed description/histories of individuals Usually focus on ONE individual Advantages: o Can study rare problems that do not exist in may people
o Can help generate new ideas and theories
Disadvantages:  o Patient and or therapist may have biased report of  interpretation  o Hard to generalize to other people  What can you do with case studies? o Learn details of what took place 
o Generate ideas about why it occurred
o Disprove an “always” or “never”
o Prove a general law (generalize to other people, times, 
or circumstances)
background image o Demonstrate correlation or causation What can you NOT do? Can’t generalize to other people, places, times.  Just because 
this is how it was for one person does not mean it’s how 
another person with the same disorder will feel, behave, or 
respond to treatment.
Can’t say anything causal or even correlational. Correlational Studies Relationship between two variables NO manipulation
o Relationship can be positive or negative (if there is one)
Example: Strong correlational between ice cream sales and 
shark attacks
Disadvantages/problems? o “Third variable” problem (could be  season/weather/temp) o Directionality?? (don’t know what is influencing what) Correlation ≠ Causation (Cant have causation without 
Operational Definitions & Assessments o Cortisol Levels = Salivary levels
o Depression = Total score on self-report measure of 
symptoms (BDI-II) Outcomes & Conclusions o If positive correlation between cortisol (salivary levels)  and depression (BDI-II score), THEN hypothesis is 
supported. Otherwise, canNOT reject the null
Possible Interpretations of Correlations o High Cortisol could cause depression 
o Depression could cause High Cortisol
o Distressing event or Biological Predisposition could 
cause High Cortisol and Depression  Logic of Causal Influence o Need all 3 of the following to prove causation: Requirement #1: Correlational

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Florida State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: abnormal and Psychology
Name: Week 4 CLP 4143 Notes
Description: These notes cover the material from class and the book from week 4
Uploaded: 02/05/2017
3 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 4

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here