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CU / History / HIS 1113 / Who made it legal for one to be a christian?

Who made it legal for one to be a christian?

Who made it legal for one to be a christian?

Description

School: University of Colorado
Department: History
Course: Introduction to British History to 1600
Professor: Paul hammer
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: history
Cost: 25
Name: British history week 3 notes
Description: week 3 discussion notes
Uploaded: 02/05/2017
8 Pages 66 Views 1 Unlocks
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WEEK 3If you want to learn more check out What is the importance of psychological assessment and diagnosis?

Class 1

CHAPTER 3

Feb. 8 - first short paper dueDon't forget about the age old question of What is today's definition of nationalism?

Key terms: Martyrdom, Hengist and Horsa

Don't forget about the age old question of Who led the protestant reformation?

Constantine made it legal to be a Christian.

  • Became Christian on his deathbed.

Christianity was seen as brand-new religion (unlike Judaism) and its monotheism (one god)

  • Refusal to permit sacrifices (was very new)
  • Did not declare dead emperors as divine.
  • This made them seem disloyal, suspects, obvious targets for scapegoating.

If you want to learn more check out What are some factors that determine the richness of the species in the island?

Two famous bouts of persecution of Christians by Roman emperors

  • Nero: after a major fire in Rome 64, he burned Christians
  • Diocletian: tried to force Christians to sacrifice to Roman gods

Don't forget about the age old question of What are the reasons behind the success of industrial revolution?

The Plague of Cyprian in 251 (during the long crisis of the third century) played a pivotal role in advancing Christianity.

  • Traditional Roman religion was discredited by the high death toll caused by the plague
  • Christian leaders claimed the plague was a punishment from God.
  • Roman authorities tried to blame the plague on Christians.

If you want to learn more check out What are the three basic features of human society and their importance?

Martyrdom of St. Alban, the first recorded Christian martyr in Britain.

  • Supposedly a victim of Diocletians’ persecution, not clear that a martyr named St. Alban really existed.
  • However, a cult of St. Albans grew from the 400s to the middle ages.

Constantine’s desire to end theological and political disputes between Christian communities resulted in synods or councils.

  • 300 - 400 bishops showed up

In 380, Emperor Theodosius I transformed Christianity from a legally acceptable religion to the only acceptable religion.

De Excidio et COnquesto Britanniae (on the destruction and conquest of Britain) by Gildas

  • Earliest major written source for British history 400 - 500 AD
  • Written in the 540s or earlier.
  • Portrays the Saxon invasion as punishment by God for the sinfulness of British Christians.
  • Claims a proud tyrant invited them in to help defend against the picts.

Historia e (no written text on the note)

Hengist and horsa- hengist means “stallion” and horsa means “horse”

  • Saxon brothers invited in, decide to become conquerors instead of helping.
  • Saxons took over much of the former Roman province of Britain.
  • Although many Christian Celtic Britons presumably accepted their new pagan overlords
  • Others moved westwards or even left Britain altogether in the 500s (5th Century)
  • France-Britain settlement
  • Spain

NOTE:

There were established flourishing Christian communities in the British Isles by 313 CE (when Constantine officially sanctioned Christianity)

  • We can tell because British representatives went to the council to dispute theological and political disputes in Christian communities.

WEEK 3

Class 2

CHAPTER 3 continued

Key terms: synod of Whitby, Martyrdom (continued)

  • The Celtic Christian tradition of “White Martyrdom” can encourage the pursuit of solitude or long distance missionary work.

Double Monasteries: male monks and female nuns in adjoining monasteries.

St. Columba- one of the very first and most important Christian leaders in Scotland.

  • Kicked out of Ireland for copying a book when he was not allowed.

The “holy island” of Lindisfarne.

  • Monastery was founded by a monk from Iona in 500 and Celtic or “insular” (from latin word for island) Christianity versus the Roman Church.

  • Differences: how monks cut their hair, when they celebrate Easter, women in Celtic Christianity have power.

Abbot (or abbess)- head of a community of monks or nuns living in a monastery.

Bishop- head of a bishopric or diocese, consisting of all the parish churches in a region.

ARTICLE: THE MAKING OF ENGLAND

Arrival of St. Augustine and his Roman missionaries at the court of Aethelberht of Kent in 697.

  • Bishop from Rome trying to convert the Celtic to Roman Christians.
  • Started in Kent because the King’s wife is already a Christian.

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