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UGA / Business / ARHI 2300 / When was the paleolithic era?

When was the paleolithic era?

When was the paleolithic era?

Description

School: University of Georgia
Department: Business
Course: Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
Professor: Amanda leeton
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Art, history, ARHI2300, Paleolithic, Neolithic, Egyptian, and ArtHistory
Cost: 50
Name: Art History 2300 Study Guide for Test 1
Description: Notes taken from class and powerpoints. For ARHI 2300 with Doty but can be useful for other ARHI classes. Notes include vocabulary and concepts needed to know for the exam. Examples and explanations of material included.
Uploaded: 02/06/2017
5 Pages 55 Views 2 Unlocks
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Art History 2300 – Study Guide for Test 1


When was the paleolithic era?



Art 

∙ The aesthetic embellishment of a crafted object

∙ Symbolic thought – the creation and use of these symbols  ∙ If an object is not crafted for a symbolic purpose it is not considered art

Periods 

∙ Paleolithic

o Before 9000 BCE

∙ Neolithic

o 9000-3300 BCW

∙ Sumerian

o 3300-2600 BCE

∙ Akkadian  

o 2300-2100 BCE

∙ Assyrian  

o 800-600 BCE

∙ Egyptian  

o Predynastic  

o Old Kingdom

o New Kingdom


Why is lascaux cave important?



∙ Cyladic

o 2600-2300 BCE

∙ Minoan

o 1700-1300 BCE

∙ Mycenaean  

o 1300-1100

∙ Greek

o Geometric

o Archaic

o Classical  

Caves 

∙    Lascaux  

o First system found in France with extensive cave paintings o It was an immediate sensation, which caused many people to  want to visit it  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the assumptions in projectile motion?

o Cave sustained major damage from all of the visitors and was  shut down to try and preserve what was left

∙    Chauvet

o Found after Lascaux in 1994  


What is sumerian art?



We also discuss several other topics like What happens to chromosomes during prometaphase?

o Older than Lascaux and in perfect condition  

o Very few people allowed to exam it

o Werner Herzog was allowed in to film the caves drawings in order to make a documentary about it

∙    Both sites have been replicated for public enjoyment

∙    Original caves remain only open to scholars and academics  Paleolithic Art 

∙    Cave paintings in both Lascaux and Chauvet

∙    Venus of Willendorf (Woman of Willendorf)

o A small figurine made of limestone  

o Exaggerated female features used to represent fertility

o It is likely that women of this time did not look similar to the  figure

o Had been painted with red ochre  

Neolithic Art 

∙    Meaning the “new stone age”  

∙    Rise of settlements and domestication  

∙    Megaliths  

o Ex – Stonehenge  

 Built in 5 stages  

 Circular formation with stones weighing several tons We also discuss several other topics like What are the 6 classes of nutrients and their functions?

Sumerian Art  

∙    In the Mesopotamian valley  

o “cradle of civilization”  

o Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers  

o Also called the fertile crescent  

∙    No clear art style  

o Many relationships between humans and gods  

o Kings had close connections to the gods

∙    Ziggurat  

o Temples constructed on top of a mound to be closer to the gods  o Around 75 feet tall

o Ex – temple of Inanna  

∙    Inanna  Don't forget about the age old question of How do plants store glucose?

o Goddess of love and fertility  

∙    Ensi  

o Assistant to the gods

o A king/hunter/warrior figure  

∙    Uruk vase

o Vase that depicted the firth known narrative  

o Was used for rituals  

o Images increase in size as you look up the vase  

o Stolen and broken by looters in 2003  

 Has been since reconstructed  

∙    Ur  

o A large and complex city structure  

o Appearance of royal grave sites including the Tomb of Puabi   Graves placed in rows  

 Graves full of gold and jewels  

∙    Bull-headed lyre  

o Colorful images painted onto a lyre  

o Symbolic animals used to make points  

o Some references to the underworld  

∙    Standard of Ur

o Used in battle

o A war side and a peace side  

o Registers on each side with most important person as the  biggest figure  We also discuss several other topics like Why is water able to form hydrogen bonds?

Akkadian Art  

∙    Head of Akkadian Ruler

o Eye missing – probably from intentional damaging  

∙    Victory Steele of Naram-Sin

o Steele – a vertical stone monument  

o Carved on pink sandstone  

o About 6 feet tall  

Assyrian Art 

∙    Hammurabi’s code of laws  

o Early appearance of text on stone  

o A written law code that was supported by the gods  o Many laws followed “an eye for an eye” structure

∙    Lamassus  

o Fantastical beasts at entrance of palace  

o Used for intimidation  

o Combination of human an animal features

o

∙    Palace of Sargon II

o In Iraq  

o Grand palace for King Sargon with lamassus inside  

Egyptian Art  

∙    Conveys the same types of art and images for over 3000 years

∙    Palette of Narmer  

o Many palettes of this time were used to mix eye makeup  o The palette was unusually large which would make it had to carry around  If you want to learn more check out What does the integumentary system protect in our body?

o Over 2 feet tall  

o Carved stone structure  

o Depiction of the pharaoh with bowling pin shaped head  o Wanted to be remembered even after they are gone  

∙    Rosetta Stone  

∙    The Great Pyramids  

o 3 main pyramids for Kings Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure  o Made of limestone and granite  

o Pyramids are essentially giant tombs  

o Mastabas – smaller tombs placed around the pyramids for less  important figures  

∙    Statue of seated Imhotep  

o Old kingdom period  

o Made of limestone  

∙    Seated Statue of King Khafre  

o Intimidating and expressionless  

o Most likely a younger version of him

o People were obsessed with preserving the memory of the king  ∙    Death Mask of King Tut

o Found in his tomb in Valley of the Kings  

o Made of gold and various precious jewels  

∙    Temple of Amen-Ra

o New Kingdom  

o For the god Amuun  

Aegean Art 

∙    Cycladic female figure  

o Used abstract shapes to form her body and face  

o Was painted at one point  

o Compare to the Venus of Willendorf  

∙    Minoan Palace at Knossos  

o In Crete  

o Contains the bull-leaping fresco  

∙    Lions gate  

o Similar to a Griffin 4

o A limestone relief

o Mycenaean period  

Greek Art  

∙    Geometric Krater

o Used to mix water and wine  

o Depictions of hierarchy on 2 reliefs  

o Somewhat common in terms of structure  

∙    Statue of Kouros  

o Similar to statue of Mentuemhet (Egyptian)  

o Same stance and expression

o Carved marble  

o 6 and a half feet tall  

o Archaic period  

o Open form

∙    Exekias  

o Painted amphora vase with Ajax and Achilles playing dice  o Has words on it too

 Words identify Ajax and Achilles and help us to better  

understand the setting  

o Archaic period  

∙    Statue of Kore Goddess  

o From Acropolis  

o Archaic period  

o Made of marble  

Vocabulary  

∙    Mobility art – small and portable sculptures buried at habitation sites  ∙    Parietal art – cave paintings, structures, and carvings  

∙    Monochrome – one color

∙    Bichrome – two colors

∙    Polychrome – Many colors

∙    Twisted perspective – a form depicted in a way that combines profile  and frontal perspectives to represent figure  

∙    Collocation – the placement of a form to conform to the shape or color  of cave surface contours

∙    Post and lintel - two vertical posts to support a horizontal lintel  ∙    Mortise and Tenon – a hole and peg like structure  

∙    Relief sculpture – a sculpted image that projects beyond the surface  ∙    Buon fresco – a “good” picture using plaster to create images on walls

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