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TTU / OTHER / JOU 3320 / when was the sedition law passed?

when was the sedition law passed?

when was the sedition law passed?


Exam 1 Study Guide

when was the sedition law passed?

THE CASES: Cases for which you will be held responsible are all those on  your syllabus for Unit 1 (2­3 questions each) plus related cases (1­2  questions each) discussed in class and listed on the document titled, "Case Study Citations." For the first exam, you are held accountable for cases  under title of "Free Press Philosophy, Disruptive Speech."

Background / Introduction

• First Amendment appears to provide absolute protection to press,  speech, other expression

• Sedition Act of 1798 cast shadow over some expression • Question: Just what forms of speech / expression are / are not  protected?

Sedition laws untested until 1919

Sedition has to do with overthrowing government. Some political scholars  felt the "American Experiment" was doomed in part because the First  Amendment free speech and free press clauses appear to guarantee  people the right to challenge and undermine the very government that is  granting them free speech. These are some of the cases testing those  limits.

what is the Prior restraint at heart of First Amendment?

• Schenck v. United States (1919)*

• Whitney v. California (1927)

• Dennis v. United States (1951)

• Yates v. United States (1957)

• Gitlow v. New York (1925)

Prior restraint at heart of First Amendment

American sensibilities recoil at the idea of censorship. Other governments  institute offices of censorship whose job it is to prevent questionable  material from being printed or aired. Thus prior to publication, they restrain  certain expression from being published. Many cases in the United States  have tried to test the idea of whether the First Amendment tolerates prior  restraint. These are some: We also discuss several other topics like lehigh ees
We also discuss several other topics like What are the series of pricing strategies in which price is employed as a cue to other real or imagined characteristics or benefits associated with products?

• Near v. Minnesota (1931)

• Grosjean v. American Press Co. (1936)

• Lovell v. Griffin (1938)

• Thornhill v. Alabama (1940)

• Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)

Symbolic speech, fighting words, and student rights

what is the Symbolic speech, fighting words, and student rights?

In the name of self expression (guaranteed by the First Amendment) some  people go to great lengths to dress a certain way, wear their hair in keeping with their persona, and so forth. Some have argued that dress and some  activities constitute symbolic speech and as such are protected. When this  comes to public school campuses some wonder if students have the same  rights as ordinary citizens.

• Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)

• Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party (1978) We also discuss several other topics like nsg 320 textbook notes

• Tinker v. DesMoines ISD (1969)

• Kuhlmeier v. Hazelwood SD (1988) Of interest: Poynter Institute  commentary on Hazelwood.

Media access, right of reply

Some argue that First Amendment guarantees of free speech and free  press mean that people have a right to have their opinions printed or aired  in the media or in other forums, especially if they disagree with something  that has already been aired or published.

• Miami Herald v. Tornillo (1974)

• Bigelow v. Virginia (1975)

• New York Times v. U.S. (1971)

• U.S. v. The Progressive (1979)

• Consolidated Edison v. Public Serv. Commission of New York (1980) • Heffron v. International Society for Krishna Consciousness (1981) • Snepp v. U.S. (1980)

• Texas v. Johnson (1989)

• Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co. v. Minn. Commissioner of Revenue (1983)

Please consult the "How to Study Cases" document. For each case, know 

the basic facts of the case, the issues at hand, the decision in the matter,  what precedent(s) the case set, and how the case relates to other cases on similar issues. Where dissenting opinion is significant, you should have  some idea what that dissent was all about.

YOUR NOTES: You are responsible for all material covered during lecture.

ASSIGNED READING: You are responsible for understanding all material  in the assigned reading (some of which involves cases we discussed in  class) and the material’s importance in developing the body of mass  communications law. You should consult the syllabus for all reading but  your reading for the first exam includes: Don't forget about the age old question of impossibu

• Chapters 1­3 in the textbook and supporting material on the textbook Web site 

• The syllabus itself

• The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution, especially Amendment I • The class Web site sections under "Foundations" (Unit 1) and "About Class"

Among your reading, you should be especially sensitive to these terms and concepts: We also discuss several other topics like biology exam 2

Get additional help from http://dictionary.law.com/ 

absolutist theory

access theory

administrative law We also discuss several other topics like peories


amicus (amici) curiae


bad tendency

balancing (interests) theories burden of proof


civil law

clear and present danger

equity law


establishment clause executive order (decree) facts vs. the law

fighting words doctrine First Amendment

forum analysis

Fourteenth Amendment grand jury



per curiam decision plaintiff


preferred position theprior restraint

public forum




“rule of four” (certiorarsedition, seditious libSixth amendment 

common law

concurring opinion constitutional law content neutral court’s opinion criminal law

direct appeal

dissenting opinion due process

grand jury

John Locke

John Milton

judicial activism judicial restraint legal brief

marketplace of ideas Meikeljohn theory national security original jurisdiction overrule

stare decisis

statutory construction statutory law

Supreme Court

strict scrutiny

symbolic speech taxation

time, place & mannerrestrictions


trial court vs. appeals

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