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UT / Art History / ARH 362 / What did ancient romans eat at feasts?

What did ancient romans eat at feasts?

What did ancient romans eat at feasts?

Description

School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: Art History
Course: Topics in Greek and Roman Art
Professor: Michael thomas
Term: Spring 2017
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes covered the topics of the Reclining Banquet, Who is Dionysos/Fufluns? and Wine in Tarquinian Tomb Painting
Uploaded: 02/09/2017
8 Pages 101 Views 4 Unlocks
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*Main places discussed:Don't forget about the age old question of What was especially significant about the mississippian peoples?
If you want to learn more check out What is the curvature of the curve?

 Cerveteri (Caere), Chiuse, Voterri If you want to learn more check out What were the main principles of the monroe doctrine? why did the us assert such an ambitious fp statement at this time? what was gb’s role in enforcing the monroe doctrine?

RECLINING BANQUETDon't forget about the age old question of How to state the value of the quantity using graph?

Sarcophagus of the spouses, Cerveteri (Caere)

  • C. 520 BCE
  • Reclining
  • Intimately interacting
  • Snuggled on their couch
  • His arms are wrapped around her
  • They seem to be gesturing
  • Man’s hand is outstretched towards her.
  • Believed to be holding an egg
  • It is believed she used to be holding an arbolus (perfume bottle) that she might have been pouring into his palm
  • Possibly laying on wine skins
  • Inferred they are drinking wine
  • This and the one in the Louvre are the ONLY ones like this
  • Show intimate husband and wife
  • Possibly banquet thing

If you want to learn more check out Why do different studies conflict with one another?

Fiesole Stele, 5th C. BCE, Pontassieve, Italy

  • Usually used as a tomb masker
  • Reclining banquet seen
  • Possibly man and wife reclining with standing server

  • Reclining not only seen with couples, can be alone, but assumed at a banquet.
  • Mostly seen on a Sarcophagus lid or sides
  • Trickle down from elites

If you want to learn more check out What pathway in the temporal lobe shows what something is?

Lid of Urn, Volterra, Italy:  portrayed of married couple, Terracotta, Second C. BCE

  • Woman grimacing at man
  • Man holding a phiale, two middle fingers in the indentation that is on the bottom
  • Phiale used for both a libation and drinking wine.
  • Patera is Latin name for phiale

*suggests either ritual or standard use of wine

Inghirami Tomb, Volterra, Italy, 4th-1st C. BCE

  • Suggests its a familial tomb
  • maybe not an elite family
  • Numerous sarcophagi present with people reclining on top, most likely banqueting.

B. Large columns

  • Everything covered in reliefs
  • Reliefs of weapons, vessels, et cetera.
  • Numerous niches that represent Klinai
  • Deceased are gathered around a big banquet

Who is Dionysus Fufluns?

  • god of wine and association with Viticulture
  • Son of Zeus and Semele
  • Semele is NOT a god, or his wife
  • Hera mad at Zeus' promiscuity
  • Convinced Semele to make Zeus show himself as a god
  • Zeus shows himself; Semele dies
  • Zeus saves fetus and puts it in his leg
  • Torn apart by Titans and reborn
  • Titans rip Dionysus apart, but he is able to be reborn.
  • Death and reborn
  • Key component of many religions and cults
  • Big reason why Dionysus is so popular

Dionysus and Viticulture

  • Attic Amphora, c. 540-530 BCE
  • Dionysus is a metaphor in the Viticulture world for pruning.
  • This is why his festival is in the spring (rebirth as well) rather than the fall (harvest)

Symposium scene with Dionysus

  • Attic Kylix from Etruria
  • Red-line painter, 525-475 BCE

Attic Kyathos, Caylus Painter, 520 BCE

  • Dipping ladle

Attic Kantharos, about 520-510 BCE, Nikosthenes Painter

  • Herkules present, libation taking place

Dionysus with Satyr and Maenad, Attic

  • Black-figure calyx-krater, C. 510 BCE
  • The idea of the other (not Greeks)
  • Cannot understand what they are saying or how they behave

Eye Cups and Dionysus

  • Bilingual eye cup (kylix), ca. 520 BCE
  • Believed that these cups had an apotropaic nature
  • Wards evil spirits
  • Eye cup (kylix) signed by Nikosthenes as a potter, 530 BCE
  • Idea is when you drink out of it, it becomes a satyr-looking mask
  • As you are vulnerable while drinking, the eyes ward off evil.
  • Found the most in Etruria
  • Etruscan tombs
  • Mainly from the 6th C. BCE, some found from 5th C. BCE

Tinia and Semlac (Etruscan name for Zeus and Semele)

  • Conception of Fufluns (Dionysus) London, British Museum
  • Mirror, bronze
  • Adapted from Greek mythology
  • This scene not seen in Greek culture
  • Idea of birth, regeneration, et cetera.

*Birth of Fufluns (Dionysus) Etruscan mirror in Naples

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