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TRUMAN STATE / Communications / COMM 170 / Enumerate the process of public speaking.

Enumerate the process of public speaking.

Enumerate the process of public speaking.


School: Truman State University
Department: Communications
Course: Public Speaking
Professor: Collins
Term: Spring 2015
Tags: COMM170 and public speaking
Cost: 25
Name: COMM 170 Public Speaking Week 2 Notes
Description: Chapter 11 and Chapter 12
Uploaded: 02/09/2017
4 Pages 182 Views 0 Unlocks

COMM 170 Public Speaking

⚬ recognize your strengths.

⚬ Rid yourself of negative labels

⚬ have realistic expectations

⚬ have the will to change / have the skill to change Don't forget about the age old question of What do professional ethics organizations focus on?

⚬ fake it till you make it!

11.1 Overviewing the Public Speaking Process

 1. select and narrow topic

 2. determine purpose If you want to learn more check out Describe the community life of the Greeks during the Dark ages.

 3. develop central idea

 4. generate main ideas

 5. gather supporting material, If you want to learn more check out What is being explained in the book of revelations?

 6. organize speech

 7. rehearse speech

 8. deliver speechDon't forget about the age old question of When did the scientific revolution start?

11.2 Building Your Confidence

 ⤷ understand public speaking anxiety We also discuss several other topics like in a federal system, the constitution divides authority between which of the following?

 ⤷ know how to develop a speech

 ⤷ be prepared Don't forget about the age old question of What are activities that relate to the creation of goods and services through the transportation of inputs to outputs?

 ⤷ focus on your audience

 ⤷ focus on your message

 ⤷ give yourself a mental pep talk

 ⤷ use deep-breathing techniques

 ⤷ take advantage of opportunities to speak

 ⤷ explore additional resources

11.3 Selecting and Narrowing Your Topic

 ⤷ who is the audience?

 ⤷ what is the occasion?

 ⤷ What are my interests and experiences?

 ⤷ conducting silent brainstorming

 ⤷ scanning web directories and web pages

 ⤷ listening and reading for topic ideas

11.4 Identifying Your Purpose

⤷ general purpose

⚬ to inform         ⚬ to persuade          ⚬ to entertain

⤷ specific purposes: an audience-centered behavioral

goal for your speech (to know/do/believe after speech)

11.5 Developing Your Central Idea

 ⤷ central idea: a definitive point about your topic (thesis statement)

 ⤷ an audience-centered idea; a single topic; a complete declarative sentence; direct, specific language

11.6 Generating Main Ideas

1. does the central idea have logical divisions

2. Can I think of several reasons the central idea is true?

3. can i support the central idea with a series of steps or a chronological sequence?

11.7 Gathering Supporting Material

 ⤷ yourself

 ⤷ the internet

⚬ vertical search engines (specialized tool)

⚬ boolean searches (quotation marks)

⚬ criteria for evaluating web resources

 ⤷ online databases

⚬  abi/inform global                 ⚬ jstors

⚬ academic search complete         ⚬ lexisnexis academic

 ⤷ traditional library holdings

⚬ books/reference resources

 ⤷ types of supporting material

⚬ illustrations, descriptions, explanations, definitions, analogies, statistics, opinions

 ⤷ acknowledgment of supporting material

12.1 Organizing Your Main Ideas

 ⤷ topically: by topic

⚬ Recency: audience remembers what they hear last best

⚬ primacy: most convincing/ least controversial idea first

⚬ complexity: simple ideas to complex concepts

 ⤷ chronologically         

 ⤷ problem-solution

 ⤷ spatially

 ⤷ cause-and-effect

12.2. Organizing Your Supporting material

 ⤷ chronology                 ⤷ Recency

 ⤷ primacy                ⤷ complexity

 ⤷ specificity: specific ↔ general

 ⤷ soft-to-hard evidence

⚬ soft evidence: illustrations, descriptions, explanations, definitions, analogies, opinions

⚬ hand evidence: statistics

12.3 Signposting

 ⤷ signposting: organizational cues for the audience's ears

 ⤷ preview: “tells them what you’re going to tell them”

    ⚬ Initial preview: usually presented in conjunction with/part of the central idea

    ⚬ Internal preview: introduce/outline ideas that will be developed as the speech progresses

 ⤷ transitions

    ⚬ verbal: enumeration (first, second...), referring to earlier keywords/ideas, relationship

between ideas (in addition, therefore...)

    ⚬ nonverbal: facial expressions, pauses, change in pitch/speaking rate, movement

 ⤷ Summaries

    ⚬ interval: within the speech

    ⚬ final/conclusive

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