Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam Date: 16 February 2017
• According to Arcaro, global citizens are responsible for creating a global social structure that fosters intellectual, physical and spiritual growth for all humans.
• The process of becoming a global citizen creates both contradictions and tensions.
• Doctors without Borders
• Reporters without Borders
-Different people have different opinions on which needs are more important. -National vs. Global Citizenship
What is Culture?
-Learned ideas, values, knowledge, aesthetic preferences, rules and customs that are shared by a particular group of social actors.
-It’s the shared reality of ideas and patterned behaviors within a geographic region. (This refers to a shared worldview or a common way of doing things.)
Culture is manifested and reinforced in social institutions. Systems that regulate child bearing—family systems.
Systems that establish our values or morals—religious systems Systems that regulate our power—political systems
Systems that handle conflicts—military systems.
**Institutions, like the ones listed above, have been shaped by a worldview that we share.
Perspectives of Globalization
-Hyperglobalizers Don't forget about the age old question of What are the four types of firms?
Elements of Culture
Why is Culture Important?
Why we Need to Understand Other Cultures. What Happens When Cultures Collide?
The Green Revolution
What are the four major aspects of globality? If you want to learn more check out What would be an example of the use of the sociological imagination?
If you want to learn more check out What are the core activities of scientific approach?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of traditional knowledge?
Three Theories of Globalization
• Samuel Huntington’s theory, Clash of Civilizations -Cultural hybridization
Racism (Arcaro’s definition from the reading) Xenophobia (Arcaro’s definition from the reading) Social institutions
Culture (Bolin & Basilica’s definition) Cultural relativism