Pronation is when the palm is faced posteriorly
Supination is when the palm is faced anteriorly
The sole is turned inward (“go over” on the ankle)
The sole is turned outward or away from the median plane
The skull, scapula, ribs, sternum, and clavicle are bones that protect underlying organs known as flat bones
These shock absorbers are known as short bones, such as carpals and tarsals
This bone includes the patella which is an oval shape, like a pea, and found in tendons also known as sesamoid bones
What are the major components of bones?
Calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, collagen, and water
Cortical or compact bone?
Low porosity, hard dense, a lot of calcium, less flexible (long bones)
Spongy or cancellous bone?
High porosity, a lot of holes, flexible but fragile (vertebrae)
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These bones known as long bones provide levers for movement, which include femur, humerus, and others (their length exceeds its width or diameter
These are bones of the face and vertebrae which perform special functions known as irregular bones
What parts of the body are in the axial skeleton?
Skull, sternum, ribs, and vertebral column
What does the appendicular skeleton consist of?
The pectoral girdle (chest), the upper limb, pelvic girdle (hip), and lower limb
Scapula (Posterior view from lateral to medial: Acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid fossa, spine, and inferior angle
What bones are a part of the upper limb?
Humerus, radius, ulna, and bones of the hands
What bones are consisted in the lower limb?
Femur, patella, tibia, and fibula
Landmark for CPR
An immovable joint?
Fibrous or synarthroses
A movable joint?
Synovial or diarthroses
A slightly movable joint?
Cartilaginous or amphiarthroses
Three types of basic synovial joints?
Unilateral, biaxial, and multiaxial
Six synovial joints?
Hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle-shaped, and plane
Hinge, pivot, and plane (gliding)
Condyloid (knuckle) and saddle
Ball and socket
The most important anterior pair of muscles (outside of neck)
The most important posterior neck muscles
What are four types of tissue?
Epithelial, muscle, connective, and nervous
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Tendons attach muscles to bone Ligaments attach bone to bone Synergist means to help the other muscles or assist Teres major is lacts little helper
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