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UTSA / Kinesiology / KIN 2303 / utsa kinesiology

utsa kinesiology

utsa kinesiology

Description

School: University of Texas at San Antonio
Department: Kinesiology
Course: Foundations of Kinesiology
Professor: Curtis hart
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Joints, Muscles, and bones
Cost: 50
Name: Possible material that will be on exam 2
Description: This covers different types of bones, muscles, injuries, joints, and etc.
Uploaded: 02/13/2017
4 Pages 86 Views 0 Unlocks
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Kinesiology Exam 2 QUESTIONS ANSWERS Lateral? Away from midline Medial? Towards midline Distal? Further from some specified region Proximal? Closer to some specified region Superior? Above elevation Inferior? Below elevation Frontal plane (coronal) that splits into front and back Median plane (midsagittal) that splits into right and  left halves Horizontal plane (transverse) that splits into top and  bottom Reduces the angle between two bones at a joint Increases the angle between two bones at a joint “planting” the foot Bringing the top of the foot to the lower leg or shin Abduction? Moving a segment away from the midline Adduction? Moving a segment toward the midline Circumduction? A cone or circular movement without rotation Supine? Lying on the back Prone? Lying face down What is the skeletal system function? To provide a supporting framework and protect body  organs


What is the skeletal system function?



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Pronation is when the palm is faced posteriorly Supination is when the palm is faced anteriorly The sole is turned inward (“go over” on the ankle) The sole is turned outward or away from the median  plane The skull, scapula, ribs, sternum, and clavicle are bones that protect underlying organs known as flat bones These shock absorbers are known as short bones, such as carpals and tarsals This bone includes the patella which is an oval shape, like a pea, and found in tendons also known as sesamoid bones What are the major components of bones? Calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, collagen, and water Cortical or compact bone? Low porosity, hard dense, a lot of calcium, less flexible (long bones) Spongy or cancellous bone? High porosity, a lot of holes, flexible but fragile (vertebrae)


What are the major components of bones?



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These bones known as long bones provide levers for movement, which include femur, humerus, and others (their length exceeds its width or diameter These are bones of the face and vertebrae which perform special functions known as irregular bones What parts of the body are in the axial skeleton? Skull, sternum, ribs, and vertebral column What does the appendicular skeleton consist of? The pectoral girdle (chest), the upper limb, pelvic girdle (hip), and lower limb Shoulder blade? Scapula (Posterior view from lateral to medial: Acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid fossa, spine, and inferior angle What bones are a part of the upper limb? Humerus, radius, ulna, and bones of the hands What bones are consisted in the lower limb? Femur, patella, tibia, and fibula Xiphoid process? Landmark for CPR An immovable joint? Fibrous or synarthroses A movable joint? Synovial or diarthroses A slightly movable joint? Cartilaginous or amphiarthroses Three types of basic synovial joints? Unilateral, biaxial, and multiaxial Six synovial joints? Hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle-shaped, and plane Unilateral joints? Hinge, pivot, and plane (gliding) Biaxial joints? Condyloid (knuckle) and saddle Multiaxial joints? Ball and socket Sternocleidomastoid? The most important anterior pair of muscles (outside of neck) Erector spinae? The most important posterior neck muscles What are four types of tissue? Epithelial, muscle, connective, and nervous


What bones are a part of the upper limb?



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 Tendons attach muscles to bone  Ligaments attach bone to bone  Synergist means to help the other muscles or assist  Teres major is lacts little helper
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