Chapter 3 : Federalism
A) Why Federalism ?
Go back to chapter 1 or 2 to see the definition for federalism.
What is “The Great Princple”?
First of all, why did people wanted to unify?
o What is common identity?
What are the methods to form a union, in other words what are the types of government? Which method did the US use?
The USA was one of the first nation to exercise federalism, but in 1787 about 2 dozen other countries practiced federalism. Usually, not all the time though, federalism is used in bigger countries.
B) Constitutional Framework
How does the Constitution offer a framework concerning federalism?
What are the national powers, state powers, and shared powers under the Constitution?
What are the limits that the Constitution has set on Congress/national government? How about the limits on state government?
Groundwork for Relationships
How does the Constitution regulate the relationship between the nation and the states?
Through 3 clauses:
What happens if there is a conflict between the national government and the state government?
Describe the commerce clause, credit clause, and privileges and immunities clause?
We also discuss several other topics like Explain the utility of dalton's law of partial pressure.
C) The Changing Nature of American Federalism
What if nullification? When was it used/employed?
Name and describe important cases/events that demonstrated the conflict between the national government and the state government.
The Revolt against National Authority: Nullification, Slavery, and the Civil War
What is the “Sedition Act”? What did this Act lead to?
How did the conflicting ideas in federalism lead to the Civil War?
What were the similarities and differences between the Union’s Constitution and the Confederates’ Constitution?
How did Congress gain more power after the Civil War? Why?
o How was Congress’ power limited despite its success in passing the 14th and 15th amendment?
What is Dual Federalism?
When and how did dual federalism function in the US? Name examples.
If you want to learn more check out What is the content of article 18 of the universal declaration of human rights?
Cooperative Federalism: The New Deal and Civil Rights
During the Great Depression people wanted more intervention from the Congress to regulate the economy, thus President Roosevelt promoted Congress to pass laws that were meant to fix the bad economy, but the Supreme Court rejected those laws because it claimed that Congress did not have the power to pass such economic laws.
How did Roosevelt succeed in allowing Congress to pass economic laws?
How did President Baines Johnson strengthen the national government?
D) The New Federalism
Who began “The New Federalism” What is it?
How did the presidents following Nixon react to the “New Federalism”?
How was the Supreme Court different in the New Federalism?
E) State and Local Governments
What are the similarities in the structure of the national government and state government?
How are the leaders of executive branch elected in state government?
What powers does state governors have that the US president doesn’t have?
What is the major difference between the national government and the state government? If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of industrial agriculture?
Local governments are a bit more complex than state government: local government can have layers of local governments and local government does not necessarily have 3 branches. If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of homogenous in a mixture?
What are the types of direct democracy that local governments use?
What is the most typical form of local government?
o Why doesn’t all local governments adopt this form of government?
Supreme Court Opinions
What is concurring opinion? What is a dissenting opinion?
o Why do we have concurring and dissenting opinion?
The Religious Freedom bill was supported by 104 Republicans out of 118 Republicans in the House of Representative, 37 out of 39 Republicans agreed in the GA senate. However, governor Deal vetoed it.
What are the arguments (from both sides)?
How did we get to the point that GA is suggesting the adoption of the “Religious Freedom bill”?
o Right now 36 states did decide for themselves if they wanted to recognize samesex marriage.
Remember, public discrimination is illegal, but private discrimination is a controversy.
Describe “Obergefell vs Hodges case.
o What were some reactionary responses to this case’s decision?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the structural adaptation that differentiated gymnosperms and angiosperms from other plants?
Don't forget about the age old question of When were cadavers first used?