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UT / Government / GOV 38690 / What are the alternatives to a federal system?

What are the alternatives to a federal system?

What are the alternatives to a federal system?

Description

School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: Government
Course: Gov310l
Term: Fall 2014
Tags: American Government, federalism, constitution, court cases, Interest Groups, civil rights, and articles of confederation
Cost: 50
Name: Gov310L: Study Guide 1
Description: These notes cover chapters 1-8 and lecture notes from weeks 1-5. This material will be on the first midterm.
Uploaded: 02/16/2017
34 Pages 28 Views 1 Unlocks
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LECTURE: JAN. 17We also discuss several other topics like What regulates actin dynamics at the leading edge?

  1. Political Science- the study of government, public policies, political behavior
  2. Government- monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force
  • Organization of individuals who have the power to make binding decisions on behalf of the community
  1. Alternatives to government- self-interest and shared values lead people to cooperate
  2. Causes of government distrust- economy, social-cultural, institutions
  3. Traditional Democracy- works for small groups and believes people are fully informed
  4. Realist democracy- based upon conflict, competition, leadership, and organization. Limit the number of public decisions.

We also discuss several other topics like How does oligopoly influence the market competition?

Chapter 1If you want to learn more check out What is the structure of occipital bone?

  • The Constitution: 7 articles and 27 amendments
  • Roots republicanism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
  • Defines and limits the power of the national government
  • Flexible; room for interpretation or change

  • 1775: British tax heavily to cover French or Indian war costs without representation in British government.
  • 1773: Boston Tea Party, led to coercive acts (intolerable acts). Marital Law: military takes control in time of crisis -> less colonial legislature, closed Port of Boston, required colonists to quarter British soldiers.
  • April 19, 1775: Lexington and Concord (first battle)
  • July 4, 1776: Declaration approved.
  • Articles of Confederation: March 1781
  • Weak central government; single legislative chamber. Each colony = 1 vote
  • States: coin money, regulate commercial activities, trade, and provide defense for citizens.
  • 1776: Declaration of Independence
  • 1781: A.O.C
  • 1787-88: Federalist and Anti Federal Papers
  • 1788: Constitution
  • 1791: Bill of Rights
  • Ineffective because:
  • Unpredictable economic forces
  • Possible foreign invasion
  • After the war, patriots were broke, indebted to banks, loss of farms
  • Shay’s Rebellion: 1786; uprising to prevent court-ordered foreclosure of farms: highlighted problems with A.O.C

If you want to learn more check out What are the basic functions of advertising?

  • More A.O.C. problems:
  • The national government had no power to repay war debt
  • The government could not raise an army
  • The national government could not regulate interstate commerce, international trade, or currency
  • Foreign nations negotiate with each state
  • Inflexible; favored minority

  • Revisions: focus on representation: power
  • Virginia Plan: (James Madison): 3 branch system, increased power of large states.
  • New Jersey Plan: proposed each state = 1 vote
  • Great Compromise: Congress = senate has (2) equal rep. for states. House of Reps = proportional rep by population
  • ⅗ compromise: slave = ⅗ of person for population

  • Constitution signed on Sept. 17, 1787
  • Federalists:
  • Support constitution; “Federalist Papers”
  • Antifederalists:
  • Against constitution; protection of states’ rights

Don't forget about the age old question of How might the anticipated changes in u.s. health care coverage affect invacare’s current marketing strategies and demand for its products?

Major Differences between Constitution: A.O.C

  • Article I of the Constitution: creates bicameral legislature (Congress) with H.O.R. and Senate, gives people direct election over members of the House but state’s power to select senators. Gives enumerated powers to Congress: the power to declare war, coin money, and regulate commerce.
  • Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the president, confirmed by the Senate, and serve for life
  • Article IV= states have powers not delegated to the national government and must respect laws of other states
  • Article V clarifies the amendment process
  • Article VI declares the national government to be supreme.

Don't forget about the age old question of What age is considered as the early onset of anxiety disorders?

2 STAGE PROCESS FOR AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION

  • Proposal and ratification is difficult so that only the most important changes are made
  • The formal process is limited to the legislative branch and the states; presidential approval is not required to change the constitution

  • Commerce Clause= gives congress the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the states, and with Indian tribes.
  • Executive Power Clause= grants the president all power necessary to execute laws passed or instructions provided by Congress.

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