What is the most important factor in the creation of minority group status? contact situation is the single most significant factor in the creation of minority group status and had long lasting consequences
What is the nature of dominant-minority group relations?
Dominant Minority group relations is largely a function of the characteristics of the society as a whole
What do most scholars agree about Anti-black Prejudice?
Most scholars believe Anti-Black prejudice was basically a result of American slavery
When Anglo Americans did began moving into the Southwest? Anglo Americans began moving into the Southwest in the 1820s to acquire land for agriculture
During the contact period, Mexicans were predominantly __________, whereas Anglo-Americans were primarily________.
Catholic and Anglos
Following the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the Cherokee Nation changed from a __________ system of land ownership to a __________ system. Matrilineal and Patrilineal
the tendency to judge other groups societies or lifestyles by the standards of one’s own culture
When two groups who are in contact with one another each feel that their culture and way of life is superior, judging, the other culture by their own standards
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Full-scale war ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 where much of the Southwest became U.S territory
What was the shift from agrarian technology to machine-based, manufacturing technology called?
What happened during the period of Reconstruction that followed the Civil War? We also discuss several other topics like What are the four dimensions of the american dream?
Education became possible
Creation of a middle class
Blacks were elected to many public offices
Which of the following laws restricted African Americans in the South from voting?
Williams v Mississippi
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson stated that ‘separate but equal’ accommodations were legal
Equal was never defined so facilities were inherently unequal, inferior and inadequate
Hiring solely on educational criteria
Williams v. Mississippi
(1898) literacy tests, poll taxes, and property requirements further disenfranchised members of the black community
W. E. B. DuBois
Was Washington’s most vocal critic. He helped found the national association for the Advancement of Colored people (NAACP) and the talented tenth
He advocated separatist goals, including a return to Africa, he founded the universal negro improvement association (1914) Don't forget about the age old question of What are the characteristics of vacuole?
De facto segregation
“in fact of” is not legally sanctioned but a preferential or voluntary choice
De jure segregation
Group of programs designed to reduce the effects of past discrimination in the workplace or education institutions
Study Guide for Chapter 6
∙ Brown vs Board of Education
o Reversed Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 and ruled that racially separate facilities were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional. (schools only)
∙ Executive order 8802 If you want to learn more check out What is the main difference between transaction focused and trust based selling?
o Creating the fair Employment Practices Commission banning discrimination in the defenserelated industries
∙ Nation of Islam
o Black Muslims
o Malcom X
∙ Urban underclass
o Population is cut off from opportunities
o Isolated in urban areas
o Poverty is limited by economic and educational deficits and subtle prejudice ∙ Culture of Poverty
o Poverty is perpetuated by the particular characteristics of the poor
∙ Malcom X
o Malcolm little
o Nation of Islam then Black Muslims
o Converted to Islam while in prison
o Broke from the Black Muslims and created Black Nationalism
∙ Black Nationalism
o A social and political movement advocating the separation of blacks and whites and selfgovernment for black people.
∙ Racial profiling
o Is when police use race as an indicator when calculating if a person is suspicious or dangerous
∙ Jim Crow If you want to learn more check out How do social identities influence people's views and interactions with each other?
o Legal segregation
∙ What state did the civil rights begin?
o Montgomery, Alabama, 1955: Rosa Parks jailed for violating a local segregation ordinance is often cited as the beginning of the civils rights protest movements.
∙What was the central strategy of the Civil Rights protest movement ________________? o The civil rights movement was an organized effort of African American and their allies in the 1950s and 1960s to end de jure (Jim crow) segregation in the south o Nonviolent Direct Action Protest the central tactic used by the civil rights movement to confront de jure segregation
o The triumphs of the civil rights movement had little impact on the lives of those outside the south
∙Comparing levels of education, the gap between African Americans and European Americans has____________.
o Decreased for both men and women but has not disappeared
∙According to adherents of the black power movement, which of the following methods is best for empowering black Americans?
o Supporters of the black power movement believe liberating themselves on their own terms without regard to what white Americans want is the best for
empowering black Americans
∙What % of black respondents had a great deal of confidence that local police would treat blacks and whites equally?
∙ The poverty rate for African American families is ___ times greater than the rate for whites
o 2.5 to 3
∙ How did Prince Edward County, Virginia respond to the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka?
o Prince Edward county central Virginia closed its public schools rather than integrate. Closed schools for 5 years.
∙ Though Americans traditionally saw race as __________, research suggests that racial identity is becoming more__________.
o Dichotomous, complex
∙ What was the significant finding of Royster’s 2003 study examining black and white graduates?
o Royster found that what really matters for finding employment is not what you know but who you know
The de facto variety is often the de jure variety in thin disguise
Among American Indians, the concept of private property was
not cultural accepted
In American Indians tribes, women’s responsibilities were
very prestigious positions, controlling the properties of the tribes What did cultural diffusion mean for the Native Americans?
Meant less self-sufficiency
What was the basis for the Indian response to the offer of scholarships for educating the children?
Indian response to scholarships reflected different value orientation
The Cherokees were associated with the Trail of Tears; this expulsion was motivated by what?
The fertile land that was coveted by whites
The Ghost Dance is associated with which Indian group and prompted what, why? Sioux
The Employment Assistance Program resulted in what for the Native Americans? Native American brain drain
What have been some efforts to overcome chronic unemployment among the Indians?
Attracting light industry and businesses to tribal
What has been a recent proposed use for reservations?
Toxic dump sites
What is the nation’s largest Indian reservation?
Know the terms:
Red Power movement
1960s and 1970s movement that also stressed self-determination and pride in race and cultural heritage
The Ghost Dance (Millenarian Movement)
Movement founded on the belief that cataclysmic upheaval would occur in the immediate future, followed by collective salvation (Sioux)
Refers to intertribal social movements in which several tribes joined by political goals but not by kinship, unite in a common identity
1994 American Religious Freedom Act
Protects the right of tribal people to practice their traditional faiths and as of 1994, use peyote
Reservations recommended as radioactive
Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868
Focus on # 1,2,5,6
The Dawes Act or the General Allotment Act of 1887
Focus on the definition
The Termination Act of 1953
Focus on # 1 and 7
The Indian Removal Act
Focus on # 1
The Homestead Act of 1862
Focus on # 2
The Indian Reorganization Act 1934 Focus on # 2
Definitions listed on the
Chapter 7 Legislative Actions Paper (Can be found on
blackboard in the chapter 7 folder)