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CCC / Science / Sci 103 / What are the four catergories for therapy approaches?

What are the four catergories for therapy approaches?

What are the four catergories for therapy approaches?


- What approach is the author influenced by?

- What are the four catergories for therapy approaches?

- What are three important points the author stresses about where she stands as a counselor?

Study Guide for Chapters 1-3 Chapter 1 - What are three important points the author stresses about where she stands as a counselor?  - What are the four catergories for therapy approaches? - What approach is the author influenced by? - What two therapies where under theDon't forget about the age old question of csu chico blackboard
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Psychodynamic Approach? - Who was Stan? How old was he? Why was he attending therapy? - Who founded the Behavioral Therapy?  - What are the three therapies in the Cognitve Approach - Explain the therapies under the Experimental and Relationship-orientated category of therapy  approaches - What therapy is focused on childhood experience? - Does the author believe that our past has no effect on how we behave today or what our  personality is?  - For the Psychoanayltic therapy, what years of our life are crucial to the developemtn of our  personality? - What are three themes of the Stan Case? - Why is Gwen attending counseling? - Explain the three therapies in the Systems and Postmodern Approach? - According to the author what determines our future? Chapter 2 - What is counseling? - What contributes to the outcome of the therapy session? - What do our values and beliefs influence? - What is Bracketing? - What are a few issues faced by being a therapist? - What are the competencies and standards on different cultures? - What do our personal values influence? - What are three personality traits of an effective counselor? - What are the contextual factors of a client-therapist? - Why should a therapist be involved with counseling sessions of their own? - What is Value Imposition?- True or false? It is ethical to impose your own values, beliefs and worldview on your clients? - What is culture? - What questions are asked in order to determine goals of the therapy sessions? - What are the roles of a counselor? Chapter 3 - What is the profession code of ethics suppose to do? - What is informed consent? - True or false? informed consent can only be written - what is a boundary violation? - What is confidentiality? - What are positive ethics? - Is it okay to have a relationship aside from a professional one while they are your client? how  about if they are no longer your client? - When does an ethical problem occur? - What is a boundary crossing? - What should we do when making an ethical decison? - What is privledged communication? - What is the goal of Evidence-Based-Practice? - What is the purpose of confidentiality and privledged communication laws? - How to we explain right of informed consent? - True or false? The code of ethics should be used as a guideline?Monday, February 6, 2017 Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy Chapter 1:  As a  Counseling  Student.. Where  the  Author  Stands… • you will begin developing a counseling style fitted to  your personality based arround theories of  therapeutic practice - which is a process that takes years and years of  practice in order to develope fully •each theraputic approach is going to have  different dimensions and implications that will  be mixed and combined to fit a counseling  techinique that fits you best • strongly influenced by the existenational approach  • generally uses role playing techniques (people reenact scenes from their  lives) • our past plays a crucial role in shaping our current personality and  behavior, continues to influence present-day emotional or behavioral  difficulties •our freedom is what determines our future, accept personal  responsibility for actions and behavior even though we are influenced by  our social enviornment which much of our behavior is a product of learning  and conditioning • as a therapist you should not change the client, give them quick advice or  solve their problems for them instead help faciliate a “healing” process • apply what you are reading from this book to your everyday life, it will help  you understand the theories and perspectives of diffferent approaches • pay attention to your own personal development and any problems you  may face1 Monday, February 6, 2017 Contemporary Counseling Models Psychodynamic  Approaches  Experimental and  Relationship-oriented  Therapies: •Psychoanalytic Therapy: a theory of personality  development, a philosophy of human nature and a method of  psychotherapy that focuses on unconscious factors that motivate  behavior (founder: Signmund Freud) -pay attention to the first 6 years of life as determinants of the  later development of personality •Adlerian Therapy: a growth model that stresses assuming  responsibility, creating one’s own destiny and finding meaning  and goals to create a purposeful life. (Founder: Alfred Adler) -focuses on childhood experiences but not the unconscious  dynamics • Existential Therapy:this model stresses building therapy on the basic  conditions of human existence, such as choice, freedom, responsbility,  anxiety, guilt, awareness in order to shape ones life and self  determination (founder: Viktor Frankl, Rollo May and Irvin Yalom) - stresses what its meant to be fully human  - create meanfulness in the world • Person-Centered Therapy: this approach is based on human  experiencing faith, giving responsibility to the client in dealing with  problems and concerns (founder: Carl Rogers)  - the client has capacity for self-direction without active intervention  and direction of therapist  • Gesalt Therapy: an experimental therapy that stresses awareness and  intergration, it grew as a reaction againsty analytic therapy (Fritz and  Laura Pearls) - it intergrates the functioning of body and mind and placing emphasis  on therapeutic relationship  - gain awareness of experiences here and now  2 Monday, February 6, 2017 Cognitive Behavioral  Approaches  Systems and  Postmodern Approaches • Behavioral Therapy: this approach applies the  principles of learning to the resolution of specific  behavioral problems (Founder: B.F Skinner)  - challlenge beliefs of why one is acting in a certain  way  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: a rational emotive  therapy that focuses on cognitive and action of ones  behavior (Founder: Albert Ellis) - what we are thinking and how we are thinking is  what influences our behavior • Choice Theory and Reality Therapy: this  approach foces in client assuming resonsibility in  the present (Founder: William Glasser) - stresses on developing new plans for better  behavior - Feminist Therapy: focuses on the concerns of  pyschological oppression of women caused by  sociopolitical status (founder: Jean Baker Miller) • it explores identity development, self-concept, goals  and aspirations  - Postmodern Approaches: this approach focuses on  social constructionism, solution-focused therapy and  so forth to maintain that the clienty is the expert in his  or own life (Founders: Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim  Berg)  - Family Systems Therapy: approach that is based on  the assumption that the key to changing an individual  is understanding and working with the family3 Monday, February 6, 2017 Intro to Stan Case Things to think about….  䡧 What themes in their lives merit special attention? 䡧 What are the general goals? 䡧 What techniques and methods would best meet the goals of therapy  for Stan and for Gwen?  䡧 How would you describe the therapeutic relationships that are  established in these two cases?  䡧How might the therapist proceed in each  Intake Interview and Autobiography - setting: community health agency  - attends counseling because he is a  heavy drinker, convicted of a DUI  (past-drugs)  - Stan accepts he has a problem but  does not believe he is addicted to  alcohol  - Stan is 35 years old and works in  construction, spends most of his time  alone because he has difficulty socializing  with people which is why he drinks (to  take off the edge of socializing)  - He wants to turn his life around but  doesnt know where to start, he started  to go back to school and earn a  degree in social work or counseling  - he has very few friends, he gets  scared around people, he gets  overwhelmed especially around women  - he was once married but got  divorced; his parents fought all the  time but stayed together for him  high anxiety  feels alone  suicidal  depressed  -greatly affected  by his parents  relationship  -wasnt considered  good enough  Themes in the Case  and his 3 siblings  - he wants to turn his life around, hes determined  - he wants to make a difference in someones life  - he continueously puts himself down  - he wants to learn how to deal with his self-destructive  tendencies  - he drinks to feel better when he feels alone, scared or  overwhelmed  - he feels guilty and anxious 4 Monday, February 6, 2017 intro to Gwen  Case Background Information on the Case - Gwen is 56 year old married African  American Women who was recently  diganosed with fibromyalga - She has a masters degree in  accounting and works at a large  firm as a CPA - she has difficulty sleeping - she has a history of anxiety and  depression - she is 1 of 5 and is responsible for  taking care if her younger siblings  - She has been married for 31 years,  has 3 children - she is attending counseling about  a couple life concerns, work issues  and too emotional and angry  often feels stress and  isolated at her job because she  is the only african american  working there and works very  long hours  she is taking care of her mom,  often is tired and feels like she  cant enjoy the things she loves  to do 5 Chapter 2   The Counselor as a Therapeutic Person - Counseling is an intimate form of learning and it demands a  practitioner who is willing to be an authentic person person in  the therapeutic relationship • the one-on-one connection  between the counselor and  therapeutic  relationships  contribute to the  outcome of the  the client is the main factor in  having the client experience  growth - an effect relationship between  the counselor or therapist and  the client greatly affects the  The person and the professional are  intertwined facets that cannot be  separated in reality  outcome of the therapy sessions and  effects the growth of a client and the counselor  • contextual factors- relationship, alliance, personal and interpersonal skills It is not the theories and techniques that heal the suffering client but the  human dimension of therapy and the “meetings” that occur between a  therapist and the client as the work together a client and the therapist are suppose to work together to help  reach the common goals - Personal Characteristics of an Effective Counselor • therapists who have an identity- know who you are in as a counselor, as a person;  what they want out of life • therapists respect and appreciate themselves- they can receieve  help as much as they give it • therapists are open to change- have willingness to change  something if need be, open minded, they work toward what it  is they want to change • therapists make choices that are life oriented- committed to  living fully rather than living a life of what ifs or should haves • therapists are authentic, sincere, and honest • therapists have a sense of humor- remember how to laugh • therapists make mistakes and admit to them • therapists live in the present- they live in today, not in the pasts • therapists have sincere welfare of others Not an all or nothing  many counselors  portray either some or  all traits • therapists become deeply involved in their work and dervive a meaning from it • therapists are passionate - Personal Therapy for the Counselor • A counselor should involve themselves in some type of a therapy, not only will it  benefit them from just talking to someone, but it also contributes to their work - a model for therapeutic practice - enhances interpersonal skills - helps deal with ongoing stresses whether its work or outside of work - learn how to centralize warmth, empathy, and an interpersonal relationship in  their therapy session  - Instrumental in healing the healer - developes patience with their clients Counselors Values and Therapeutic Process - Roles of Values in Counseling and Therapeutic Goals • values and core beliefs influence how we act both in  professional and personal lives • Role is to create a climate in which clients can examin in  their feelings, thoughts and actions to enpower them to  arrive at their own solutions problems Personal values  influence how we  view counseling and  the manner in which  we interact with our  clients • task is to assist individual in finding answers that is in equalization to the clients  values - help them develope new ways of thinking and behaving to help them move  closer to their goals • figure out the clients goals in the early sessions - What do you expect from counseling? - What do you want? - What do you hope to leave with? • Bracketing— managing personal values so they do not interfer with the  counseling process - set aside personal beliefs and values • Value Imposition: term refering to counselors directly trying to  define a clients values, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors • pay attention and examine your beliefs and values  Becoming an Effect Multicultural Counselor Unethical!!- it is an ETHICAL OBLIGATION for counselors to develope a sensitivity to other  cultures and ethnic groups aside from their own • make goals and decisions based upon their world view, even if its not something  you believe in  - Culture: ones values, behaviors and behaviors that shared by a group of individuals  - Understand your own cultural conditions, your cultural values and the ones your client  is apart of - Competencies and Standards of Different Cultures • beliefs and attitudes - respect clients beliefs, attitudes, religious beliefs and spiritual beliefs or vales - be comfortable with other races and cultures - accept and value cultural diversity • knowledge - know specifically about your clients race, cutlure, or ethnic group and know about  your own - understand their world view - understand historical background, traditions, values and client populations • skills - take responsibilty for educating clients on the therapeutic process - set goals relating to their cultural beliefs, values and so forth - use methods to define goals consistent with their life expereinecces and values Issues Faced by Beginning Therapist - Dealing with anxiety • understand self-doubting is normal • openly discuss your worries, your doubts  - Be yourself and Self-Disclosure • Be authentic, Be yourself • consider what to reveal and what not to reveal, how much and when to reveal  certain things • be careful when thinking automatically, dont want to judge your client - Avoid Perfectionsim • accept you are going to make mistakes • share mistakes with othrs- Be Honest about Limitations • learn and know your limits • accept you cannot help everyone - Understand Silent Moments • has multiple meanings such as waiting for the therapist to say something or for the  client to say something, the client may be preoccupied or thinking about what was  discusses • acknowledge the silence - Dealing with Demands • clients will demand for things such as advice or answers to a problem, advise them  do not solve everything for them - Dealing with Involuntary Clients • prepare them with what the process entitles • explain the goals, create goals - Becoming Aware of Countertransference • Be fully present in the therapy hour, avoid outside distractions - Developing a Sense of Humor • its okay to laugh  • distinguish betwen human that distracts and humor that enhances the situtation - Sharing Responsibility with the Client • find a balance between counselor and the client • address in early sessions - Declining to Give Advice • help them discover and recognize solutions • help client make independent choices and accept the consequences of their  choices - Define Role as a Counselor• help clients organize their own strengths, help discover what is preventing them  from using their client resources, clarify and so forth - Learning to use Techniques Properly • techniques should evolve over time and will be used on different clients dependin  gon which technique fits the client best - Develope Your own Style • allow your style to be influenced by teachers, therapists, supervisors and yourself • borrow from others but tweak them to fit your style

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