AFRCNA 0031 EXAM 4 STUDY GUIDE
AFRCNA 0031 EXAM 4 STUDY GUIDE 0031
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aileen Ryan on Monday April 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 0031 at a university taught by Michael Tillotson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 325 views.
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Date Created: 04/20/15
AFRCNA 0031 EXAM 4 STUDY GUIDE The Africana Critical Theory and The Sociology Project 0 What is AfricanCentered Sociology o The critical study of the structure an functioning of the Black community as a whole 0 The various units and processes which compose and define it and its relations with people and forces external to it 0 What are the 2 Dichotomous Trends 1 Knowledge as an instrument as hegemony 2 Knowledge as an instrument of liberation a Struggle against colonialism domination What are the Locations for Understanding o FORT 0 Resistance illuminates brings forth Agency RT What were some ideas that neutralized and suppressed Africana peoples Agency ability to actualize oneself in the world 0 Nature vs nurture argument Colonial Christianity Colonial education 6 epochs Eurocentrism Sharecropping Economic Iim Crowe I All connected to oppression o Africana studies challenged sociology to understand reality because they were taking an ahistorical approach to human history 0 What is Africanacentered Sociology o Served as a theoretical methological and practical approach for implementing transformative change in the experiences of traditionally marginalized and disenfranchised populations OOOOO Texts o The MisEducation 0f the Negro by Carter Goodwin Woodson o The Death of White Sociology by Joyce Ladne I Late 1960searly 1970s Eurocentric sociology saw black Americans as problem people at that time I African studies says spend and equal amount of time looking at the Structures institutions sanctioned by lawde jure before calling them problem people What is the Problem People Thesis 0 Genetic and cultural pathology is inherent in the African Black being 0 What is Mainstream Sociology o Focused on social control and a gradual change in race relations through existing institutional structures 0 Mainstream sociology also assigned responsibility to the oppressed for their own oppression rather than to the effects of institutional inequality societal restrictions and class imbalances What is the Order Equilibrium Model 0 Society is a structural arrangement made up of interdependent parts each contributing to the equilibrium of the system 0 Any phenomenon that upsets this equilibrium is regarded as problematic I Civil Rights Movement I Reconstruction attempted to I Brown vs Board of Education I They were seen as problematic because this model wanted to restore order 0 What is Homeostatic State 0 Emphasized the reactive and pathological in African American life 0 Denied that African Americans possessed any inherited culture of their own lacked the capacity to act effectively in their own interests 0 Aspired to be assimilated and to disappear as a racially distinct population 0 What is Black Sociology o Emerged as a response to the 1960s with the objective correcting the dominant myths stereotypes and misinterpretations of the African American experience presented in the sociological literaturequot 0 What are Black Sociology s Core Themes 0 Black Sociology raises questions about the bearing of 1 Inequalities in the distributions of political and economic privilege 2 Social con ict 3 Racerelated social identities on the conduct of sociological inquiry in a society deeply in uences by institutional inequities 0 What are Areas of Research Emphasis 1 Identifying factors that contribute to an understanding of Black people s behavior including determinants of social oppression which when eradicated will facilitate the release of Black people from racerelated social oppression 2 Racialand classbased analyses of intergroup relations especially focusing on social con ict and social change 3 Critical perspectives in analyses of established social institutions with a focus on racialized survivals in the structures and social effects of existing organizations 0 What is the American Sociological Association ASA Task Force Report 2005 o Sociology as a discipline has never fully developed its promise to apply the tools and knowledge of sociology beyond the academy 0 What is Public Sociology o A type of sociology that seeks to bring sociology to publics beyond the academy promoting dialogue about issues that in uence the fate of society What is the ASA Task Force Emphasis o Encouraging research that addresses social problems conveys sociological insights and applies the sociological knowledge to solving social problemsquot 0 African American people not seen as object but as subject What is the AfricanCentered Sociology Realized Potential 0 Has demonstrated the potential to respond to these concerns by incorporating Black Sociology s focus on praxis and integrating an Afrocentric approach What are the 3 Paradigms 1 The Deficiency Paradigm I Black American have no real culture enslavement destroyed it 2 The Crusian Paradigm I Cultural oppression is tightly interlocked with political and economic oppression I Text The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual by Harold Cruse I Builds on idea of DuBois in contemporary setting 3 Kawaida Paradigm I Key to the process of cultural construction and reconstruction is the ongoing dialog with African culture I Culture was destroyed through a few sections of the epochs When was the Second Reconstruction o 19451960s 0 Why was the Civil War so unique 0 Because of the 4 A s What happened during the Second Reconstruction 0 Progressive actions 0 Presidents involvement 0 Federal courts 0 Congress 0 What were the locations 0 Race 0 Reforms o Rebellion Who was Lyndon Baines Johnson LBJ 0 13th President of the USA August 27 1908 January 22 1973 Unlikely hero of the civil rights era School teacher in rural Texas w largely Hispanic populations Southerners were happy because he was from the south even though his background shaped his worldview Shocked the political sensitivities of the average southerner o Called him a traitor o Shocked the north east north east thought they were doomed because LB was from the south thought he was a simplistic person a hick etc What was Brown vs Board 0 Angered southerners o Southerners angered by Little Rock 9 in 1957 when the state of Arkansas had troops come in to desegregate schools 0 O O O O What did the passage of Civil Rights do 0 Changed the fundamental nature of American society turned Jim Crow upside down 0 LB put forth Civil Rights Legislation that is stronger than that of IFK I Not an easy task 0 What is Filibuster o A type of parliamentary procedure where debate is extended allowing one or more members to delay or entirely prevent a vote on a given proposal not allowing it to get to the oor so a vote can be taken What was the purpose of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 0 June 29 1964 1 To enforce the constitutional right to vote to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the US 2 To provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations 3 To authorize the attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education to extend the Commission on Civil Rights 4 To prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity and for other purposes 0 DID NOT require employers to hire workers on the basis of race to correct racial imbalances in the workplace 0 LB channels Jefferson and all the French Enlightenment philosophers I More politically sophisticated than most thought 0 What are Deliberations never unanimous 0 Passed the Senate on May 26 1965 7719 0 Passed the House with amendment on July 9 1965 33385 0 Reported by the joint conference committee on July 29 2965 I Agreed to by the house on August 3 1965 32874 I And by the Senate on August 4 1965 7918 0 The Voting Rights Act signed into law by Lyndon B Johnson on August 6 1965 I Prohibits states and local gov ts from imposing any qualification or prerequisite to voting or standard practice or procedure to deny of abridge the right of any citizen of the US to vote on account of race of color Methodology in Africana Studies 0 What is Methodology 0 The aspect of research that contains the paradigms theories concepts and methods that shape approaches to study and social intervention 0 What is Method 0 A tool of data collection 0 What is Methodology and Purpose 0 It is the methodology that you are guided by that determines I What assumptions you make I Your choice of a research method I What questions you ask I What questions you don39t ask I What theories you use to make sense out of what you find 0 Methods are tools in researcher s toolbox that allow researchers to collect the data What is Method and Methodology 0 Methods allow the researcher to collect data but methodology combines methods with the paradigms assumptions theories interpretation and meaning to data I Paradigm is an instrument for knowing about knowledge in the world I All research methods derived from paradigm or grand theory 0 Guiding paradigm is the Afrocentric Paradigm What are Paradigms o A general way of understanding and approaching knowledge about the world 0 Guide a researcher through the experience of acquiring knowledge 0 A systematic arrangement of explanations and ideas that guide policy and action I Text Ideology and the Development of Sociological Theory by Irving M Zeitlin What is the Inferiority Paradigm o Characterized African American people as inferior based on inadequate genetics and heredity I Text Melville Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge by Jerry Gershenhorn What is the Cultural Deficient Paradigm or Culturally Disadvantaged 0 African Americans experienced social eliminance based on their own internal factors 0 Ahistorical approach to the production of knowledge What is the Cultural Difference Paradigm o The culture of Black and other peoples should be considered in understanding thinking behavior and social conditions 0 Each culture has its strengths and limitations and those who study or work with different populations require cultural awareness and cultural competence What is Placed At Risk 0 To describe students who are suffering socially and academically because it denotes children whose needs have not receives the proper social attention What is The Colonial Paradigm o A lens for understanding the exploitation and underdevelopment of black communities What are the Characteristics of Colonialism o The colonized subjects are not in the social system voluntarily but have it imposed on them o The colonial subjects native culture is modified or destroyed 0 Control is in the hands of people outside the native population 0 An antiegalitarian racialized worldview is prevalent What is the PanAfrican Paradigm 0 Used to interpret and understand the lives experiences of African communities 0 The liberation racially politically culturally and economically and solidarity among African peoples on political cultural and economic matters What is the PanAfrican Idea 0 A world historical movement and ideological framework led by activists and intellectuals seeking to articulate a transnational racial politics of Black self affirmation and liberation What is the Black Power Movement 0 About human agency 0 ITC IntentionCapabilityThreat 0 President Johnson asked the Commission 3 questions I What happened why did it happen what can be done to prevent it from happening again What is Common Interest 0 The Civil Rights Movement and the Black Power Movementwhile distinctly different in Methodology Strategy and Approach both SHARED the common goal of collective AGENCY for Black Americans What are the Central Ideological Ideas 0 Religious 0 Cultural 0 Political What are the 3 Fundamentals of Black Power 0 Selfdetermination control of their communities destiny and daily lives through institutional strength 0 Selfrespect a sense of expanded selfworth and ability rooted in CULTURE andSTRUGGLE o Selfdefense exercise their right to defend themselves against attacks of racial hatred by regular citizens and law enforcement What is the Third Reality of Reconstruction o How would America at that time integrate persons What is the Perspective on the Civil Rights Movement 0 Too mainstream 0 Too moderate 0 Too gradual I To generate real social change I The want to be selfdefining selfdetermining selfactualized o Tired of being guests in their own house 0 Text Martin and Malcolm and America A Dream or a Nightmare by James H Cone What are the Nguzo Saba 7 Principles 1 Umoja Unity To strive for and maintain unity in the family community nation and race 2 Kujichagulia Selfdetermination To define ourselves name ourselves create for ourselves and speak for ourselves 3 Ujima Collective Work and Responsibility To build and maintain our community together and make our brother s and sister s problems our problems and to solve them together 4 Ujiamaa Cooperative Economics To build and maintain our own stores shops and other businesses and to profit from them together I Texts by James Baldwin I Stokely Carmichael in order for nonviolence to work you must have an opponent with a consciencequot 5 Nia Purpose I He said to rest our pens so I don t think we have to know anything else about this What is Black History as Artistic Agency 0 As an aesthetic foundation it seeks to step beyond the Western framework of American art which has enclosed and mothers any previous expression of Blackness What are the Schools of Thought in Africana Studies 0 An Africancentered scholar is one who examines all phenomenon unapologetically from the worldview of cosmological place of the African 0 NonAfricancentered thinkers can still put forth a commonality of perspective with African centered scholars on a given topic What are the Reformers o Attempt to merely REFORM Eurocentric canons to assimilate Black experiences What is the Reformer Position 0 Many socalled mainstream Black scholars today are often so deeply philosophically ingrained within the structure of European knowledge that they find it very difficult to accept the alternative epistemologies can be employedfor example the Africancentered paradigm Mark Christian Lehman College New York What is To Be or Not To Be A African Centered Scholar o A lot of times research methodologies have political ideologies attached to them depending on their funding source What is Philosophy and Research Practice 0 Identifiable Intellectual Identity location I Text The 101 Most Dangerous Professors What are Two Major Schools of Thought 0 Eurocentric School 0 African Centered School What is the Eurocentric School 0 Scholar may adopt a right or left approach in their scholarship I Black Neocons Eurocentric Thinkers I Social Democratic Radicals I Liberal Elite Cultural Theorists What are Social Democratic Radicals 0 They draw from the critical theorists of the European intellectual leftist tradition including the works of Marx Macuse Foucault and others 0 What is the Liberal Elite School 0 Largely inaccessible postmodernist literary theory attempting to signify and interpret Black historical experience and culture through a Eurocentric lens 0 What is the African Centered School 0 Their collective work involves the mammothherculean task of wrestling African civilizations from the grip an interpretations of Eurocentric scholarship o Contends with substantive contemporary topics such as racialized identities African aesthetics social work literature communication politics popular culture and all points in between
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