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GSU / Music / MUS 2107 / What is the meaning of glycolysis in the cell?

What is the meaning of glycolysis in the cell?

What is the meaning of glycolysis in the cell?

Description

School: Georgia State University
Department: Music
Course: Principles of Biology I
Professor: Samantha parks
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis, glycolysis, calvin cycle, Biology, organelles, and cells
Cost: 50
Name: Biology Exam 2 Guide
Description: This guide covers cellular respiration, photosynthesis, and the organelles in cells.
Uploaded: 02/19/2017
4 Pages 41 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


1


What is the meaning of glycolysis in the cell?



Cellular

Respiration

Study Soup

Co electrons carried via NADH

oxidative Phosphorylation

elections via NADH & FADH2

ETClin mito)

Glycolysis (In cytosol)

. Citric Acid Cycle

Chamiosis

•NADH enters complex I;

(In mitochondrial matrix)

Phase 1: Energy Investment


What is the meaning of pyruvate in the cell?



• Input: Acetyl-COA

FADH2 enters complex II

• Input = 2ATP , 1 амсоя.

• Both are oxidized to

•Acetyl coa transferred

molecule

Pyruvate transported into V

Phase 2: cleavage

NADO & FADT

V mitochondrial matrix &

to to oxaloacetate to & form


What does slp mean in cells?



1. Electrons go to complex

6- carbon citric

• Glucose splits into 2 Don't forget about the age old question of Who found the two kinds of priming related to attention?

oxidized to form Acetyl

acid

COA

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate

- Citric acid is oxidized

III & V

molecules (63P)

• Products: GTP, NADH, FADH2,11

l.protons are pumped

I Phase 3: Pay off

СО,

I out of I, II, & TV

•GP oxidized

from matrix to inner

membrane

• Output: 2 pyruvate, 2 NADH (+2 HT), Don't forget about the age old question of What is endosymbiosis and how is it related to the evolution of eukaryotic cells?

2

• Protons retum to a

ATP 4 4 overall, a het

matrix through ATP

ATP

synthase

substrate-level Don't forget about the age old question of How do you calculate annual dividend yield?

phosphorylation

ATP

substrate-level

ATP

phosphorylation We also discuss several other topics like What are the characteristics of the european union?

oxidative

phosphorylation

•Pyruvate

-no O2 fermentation ethand or lactate to regenerate NAD+ - O2 present cellular respiration

Study Sou

Study Soup

o substrate-level phosphorylation (SLP)

- make s ATP by transferring phosphates from

morecue w/ higher energy level - occurs in cytosol

• Oxidative phosphorylation If you want to learn more check out What is the main law of supply?

- electron is put into ETC to make ATP - occurs in mitochondria - makes more ATP than SLP Don't forget about the age old question of What are the players in the financial markets?

) Study Soup

Stud Sou

Study Soup

Eukaryotic cells

nucleus

Stores genetic mate

mitochondria

site for RNA,

synthesis

endoplasmic reticulum

invowed in protein

Study Soup

& lipid synthesis

• SER/RER

-outer

membrane

6

0

2

Peace

Lysosome Degrade macromolecules

• Acidic pH yo phagocytosis

golgi apparatus

inner

membrane

of

modifies & sorts proteins a lipids as they move to final destination; manufactures

polysaccharides &

allmlose Ichitin

-peroxisomes

mitochondria Produces most of cell's ATP

• #correlates w/ cellular level of

S

'Breaks down specific organic molecules (such as fatty acids a sosynthesize other organic molecules such as cholesterol & some phospholipids)

Plasma

Clasn

metabolic membrane rivity composed of

phospholipids/proteins; regulates passage of materials in loutotcell

cytoskeleton

on protein network of filaments that provide cell w/ internal. structural framework

•# of mitochondria in een wrrelates w/l

cellular level of metabolic activity

synthase

Citric

Cellular

(glycolysis!

pyruvate

Acid

cycle/

Telectron transport

chain

respiration

Acetyl

NADH

NADH

FADHIFADT >NADT

Study Soup

FADH

matrix

mitochondria

outer membrane

Ihner membah

HEHEHE HE

dy Soup

dnoss

budySoup

cell wall

rigid barrier composed of .

har

plant cell

JOVANO

polysaccharides

vacuole - contribute to structural rigidity of plants by maintaining turgor pressure against cell walls &

• absoros water to increase call size

•stores reserves i disposal site Lomembrane - tonoplast

Plasma -

membrane

mitochondria

Chloroplasts

Study Soup

-nudeus

hamess of

energy of

sunlight to synthesize

sugars

endoplasmic

reticulum

Chloroplast

plasmodesmata

Study Soup

golgi apparatus

Dittermembrane

y

connects neighboring plant cells

cytos

cytoskeleton

Jelly in

inner

membrane

Stack- lumen

Study Soup

grana=

the lakoid stack

I thy laroid

membrane

Study Soup

chlorophyll Cliant ainutat

ETC

occurs

inside

S

SOU

STUDSON

JudySoup

CO 2 + H2O > Cu Hirout Oz

reduction

Studs

Study Soup

oxidation

Photosynthesis Photophosphorylation / Light reaction

Calvin Cycle/ carbon fixation / dark reaction

(in thy lakoid)

(in stroma)

•Z- Scheme (noncyclic phosphorylation)

1. Carboxylation

(Light + H2O + NADP + +ADPIPI NADPH + H+ +ATP + 1/2O2)

• Addition of coz to RuBP: catalyzed by

1. Photosystem I (ple80 nm)

enzyme nubisco output: (2) 3-PGA molecules

sunlight absorbed

2. Reduction

•H2O broken down to H+,O, & excited electons

• NADPH transfers 2 electrons 11 proton;

2 ETC

inorganic phosphate (Pi) released NADPT

Excited electrons "fall" from PST to PSI

3. Regeneration

triose phosphate

.creates ATP by oxidative phosphorylation

.3-carbon compounds are reorganized

to fuel calvin cycle

& combined to produce RuBP

3. Photo system I (0700nm)

electrons @ ground state are excited by sunlight elections fall to ground state NADP + carrier reduced to NADPH (via NADP reductase)

output

Study Soup

for Calvin cycle

@

StudySou

dnos ApS

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