Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

Clemson - COOP 3330 - Class Notes - Chapter 2

Created by: Lindsey Notetaker Elite Notetaker

> > > > Clemson - COOP 3330 - Class Notes - Chapter 2

Clemson - COOP 3330 - Class Notes - Chapter 2

This preview shows page 1 of a 2 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Chapter 2: Cognitive science and neuroscience    I. Dissociation- a disruption in one component of mental functioning but no impairment of another  A. Tulving (1989) : K.C. sustained memory loss from a motorcycle accident. No longer had access to  episodic memory.   B. Double dissociation: when two mental processes are mutually exclusive  1. Evidence for this requires at least two patients with opposite deficits  II. Neuron: a cell that is specialized for receiving and transmitting and neurotransmitters   A. Dendrites- receive information either directly from sensory receptors or from other neurons 
B. Cell body- stores information 
C. Action potential- electrical impulse fired by the neuron when the cell body reaches its information 
threshold  D. Axon- the terminal through which the action potential is sent 
E. Terminal fibers- where neurotransmitters are initially housed 
F. Synapse- the space between communicating neurons 
G. Emergent Properties: present when neurons work together, but do not occur with singular neurons 
III. Neurotransmitters: Electrochemical messages sent between neurons  A. Excitatory vs Inhibitory 
B. Acetylcholine: associated with memory 
1. Low levels have been correlated with alzheimer's and dementia  C. Glutamate: an excitatory neurotransmitter that strengthens the connections between neurons as a function  of learning  D. GABA: an inhibitory neurotransmitters that weakens the bonds between neurotransmitters  IV. Long Term Potentiation: the process through which the bonds between neurons is strengthened  A. Consolidation: Makes memories more permanent over time.  1. Sleep is known to aid this process  V. Old Brain  A. Thalamus: coordinates information between different parts of the brain as well as between the brain and  the body  B. Corpus Callosum: allows the two lobes of the brain to work together 
C. Hippocampus: important to memory 
D. Amygdala: processes emotion 
VI. Neocortex: the most recent structure to evolve in the brain and what makes human brains unique. Associated with 
higher level processing 
A. Frontal Lobe: Cognitive control 
B. Parietal Lobes: Spatial and sensory processing 
C. Occipital Lobe: Visual processing 
1. Dorsal pathway: determines where things are in space 
2. Ventral pathway: determines what things are 
D. Temporal Lobe: Auditory, linguistic, and memory processing 
E. Motor Cortex: responsible for voluntary movement 
F. Sensory Cortex: responsible for processing sensory info throughout the body 
G. Mirror Neurons: are used in some way to plan and execute movements 
VII. Hemispheres  A. Contralaterality: One side of the brain controls the opposite side of the body 
B. Hemispheric Specialization: The two sides of the brain are dominant in different processes 
1. Left: Language 
2. Right: nonverbal, spatial, and perceptual processing 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Clemson University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Clemson University
Department: Education and Teacher Studies
Course: Cognitive Psychology
Professor: Robert Campbell
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Cognitive Psychology
Name: Chapter 2
Description: This is an integration of lecture and textbook notes. Any vague areas are a result of something being mentioned only in the lecture without elaboration.
Uploaded: 02/19/2017
2 Pages 8 Views 6 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Recommended Documents
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Clemson - COOP 3330 - Class Notes - Week 2
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Clemson - COOP 3330 - Class Notes - Week 2

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here