S100 – Introduction to Sociology, Spring 2017 Kevin Leicht Exam #1 – Review Sheet The following questions and prompts are designed to help you study for the first exam. To do well you will need (a) a full set of class notes, and (b) be able to answer the questions below from the reading material. Conley, Chapter 1 –We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of nutrition?
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The Sociological Imagination 1. How does your text define sociology? 2. What is the sociological imagination? 3. Know the differences between the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives. 4. What is the difference between microsociology and macrosociology? What does each emphasize? 5. What does feminist theory emphasize? 6. What are the key insights Karl Marx provided for sociology? 7. What are the key insights Emile Durkheim provided for sociology? 8. What are the key insights that Max Weber provided for sociology? There are no questions about post-modernism on the first exam Conley,Chapter 2 – Methods of Sociological Research 1. What are the two major types of sociological research methods? 2. Be able to tell the difference between an independent and dependent variable. 3. How do sociologists establish causality? (that one factor causes another?). What are the three criteria needed to establish causality? 4. What is the difference between a sample and a census, and how are most samples selected in sociological research? 5. What are the ethics of informed consent? CHAPTER 3 – Culture and Media 1. What are the differences between values, norms, morays and folkways? 2. What are subcultures and how does your book define them? 3. How does the media perpetuate racial and ethnic stereotypes? 4. How concentrated is media ownership in the United States? What percentage of media are owned by the top companies? 5. What is hegemony as defined by Gramsci? 6. What is ethnocentrism and cultural relativism? CHAPTER 4 – Socialization and the Social Construction of Reality 1. What is a breeching experiment and what are they designed to illustrate? 2. What does “face” refer to in dramaturgical theory? 3. From Mead, know the difference between the ‘I”, the “me” and the “Generalized other” 4. What is a total institution and what are they designed to do? 5. Know the difference between ascribed and achieved statuses. 6. What is “role strain” and why does it happen? 7. How does your text define socialization? FROM THE CONTEXTS READER CONTEXTS, CHAPTER 1, “Social Networks” Which types of social networks help people find jobs? Which types of social networks make us better informed about our health? CONTEXTS, CHAPTER 64, “Sense and Nonsense about Surveys.” What factors determine if a sample is an accurate representation of a population? What is the best way to get an accurate perception of what survey respondents think about any specific issue? CONTEXTS, CHAPTER 65, “The Promises and Pitfalls of Going into the Field”. What are the characteristics of good fieldwork practices that make ethnographic research effective? CONTEXTS, CHAPTER 67, “From Summer Camps to Glass Ceilings.” Why do some groups score low on standardized tests? CONTEXTS, CHAPTER 14, “Do Media Monsters Devour Diversity?” What is the relationship between media consolidation and media diversity? CONTEXTS, Chapter 15, “the sanctity of Sunday football…” Why do retired professional athletes say they initially became involved with sports? CONTEXTS, Chapter 10, “the Prescription for a New Generation” What are the different reasons given for why college students take ADHD drugs? CONTEXTS, Chapter 11, “When Schools Matter” According to the authors, when does much of the difference in school performance between high and low-socioeconomic status students occur? CONTEXTS, Chapter 41, “Growing Up is Harder to Do” Why is it so hard for young adults to become financially and socially independent?