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CSU / Psychology / PSY 1101 / Who is the proponent of Structuralism in Psychology?

Who is the proponent of Structuralism in Psychology?

Who is the proponent of Structuralism in Psychology?

Description

School: Columbus State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Professor campbell
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: History of Psychology-First Set of Notes
Description: These are the first notes introduced in class. This helps set a stable foundation for the class.
Uploaded: 02/22/2017
12 Pages 80 Views 0 Unlocks
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contexts, how do we clifker?




I How do we use information in remembering?




o How are messages transmitted within i the body?



History of Psych Roots of Psycology: • Psychology has been questioned from the early days. [Aristole , Hippocrates, etc.) - Most were religious leaders & phíolosphers were first psychologist _ *Many psycholest dealt with those who studys had abnormal behavoir. The Early Psychologists: - William Wundt (1879) * First laboratory for psycholDon't forget about the age old question of cnc attack
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ogical behavoirs at University of Leipzig - Edward Titcher late 1800s) * Structuralism - Showing pictures to sterm see thinking behavoir by describing it. - William James Caround 1900) * Functionalism-focused on how behavorral v term processes Function and enable an organism to adapt survive, and flourish. (how we use our minds more, important os than it's parts). * Made Foundation for behavoralism *eventually caused structuralism to Fade * Principles of Psychology text - Mary Whiton Calkins * First woman to complete Psychology degree in America * studied under William James St * Harvard refused to give degree tudy sou StudySour Study Soup Study Soup Study Sou - Margaret Floy Washburn * got first degree in hand - Sigmund Freud * posed a major theory - John B. Watson (1913). Kagreed with Sigmund Freud' theories, made ideas more popular - Ivan Pavlov * he did experiments on dogs salivating * Classical conditioning - repeatedly term doing a process in an environment - B.F, Skinner i 1938) * Operant conditioning - a methodl v term con of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments For behavoir *Psychology begins to be more used and researched in 1900s * • Psychology is a science : I - Empirical findings are based on a I experimentation, observation, & measurement of Psychology has a dark history (known for "punishing CO people"): StudVSOU - drilling holes in head to rid demons - bled people out to "cure them" - Shock Thearpy - wrapping people in bed sheets - Lobotomy - cruel, barbaric ways in treatments in early days Studys Social - coltival influences) for ors Study Soup Hútory of Psych[continued]: © Psych's 4 Big Ideas: - Critical thinking examines assumptions, & term uncovers hidden values & agendas, evaluates evidence, & tests conclusions - The Biopsychosocial Approach r term [Biological influences] [Psyological influences - [Behavoir /Mental 14 " Process of * look at all different factors for different treatment * - The Two-Track mind- operating and v term processing on an unconcious and concious level. (Not fully aware all the time) Exo you don't think hat about what is "car keys" when - Exploring Human Strengths ( Newest Aspect) - v term focusing on positive traits that allows people to grow and not FOCUS on the aspects of negatives of life. | Contemporary Psychology: - Psychology's current perspectives * Neouroscience - focus on how the body and ✓ term brain enable emotions, memories, and Sensory experiences. ( Biological School) • Questions to think about: o How are messages transmitted within i the body? How is blood Chemistry linked with moods and motives? .. * Evolutionary focus on how the natural v term selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes; supported by human genetics. I Study Soup Study Sour v term Judy SOUD sterim . Questions to think about : a How does evolution influence behavoir tendencies? * Behavior genetics - Focus on how much! our genes and our environment in Fluence our individual difference so bile • Questions to think about: To what extent are psychological traits such as intelligence, personality sexual orientation, and vulnerability to depression attributable to our o genes? So To our environment? *Psychodynamic-focus on how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts. (Freud presented: Concious; Pre-concious, unconcious) o Questions to think about? O How can someone's personality traits and disorders be explained in terms of sexual and agressive bad drives or as the disguised effects of unfulfilled wishes and childhood tramas? Soup * Behavioral-focus on how we learn Observable responses. • Questions to think about: o How do we learn to fear particular objects or situations? I What is the most effective way to alter our behavoir, say, to lose weight or stop smoking? CTOUS sterm Study soul History of Psych continued] * Cognitive - Focus on how we encode, v term process, store, and retrieve in formation, • Questions to think about: I How do we use information in remembering? B Reasoning v os o solving problems? . * Sociain cultural - Focus on how behavoir v term O and thinking vary across situations - and cultures. • Questions to think about a How are we-as Africans, Asians, Austrialians, or North Americans alike as members of one human family? DAs products of different environmental contexts, how do we clifker? * cognitive Behavioral School - Focus on v term both behavoirs and how the brain works. • Questions to think about a How do patterns of thinking or behavior cause many difficulties. and change the way they act? A clectic - perfered perspective for psychologist * vterm contemporary Psychology is able to intergrate in more than one school with an psychological issue. - Newest Edition: Positive Psychology * Intitated as an objective in 1999 by Dr. Martin Seligman . * emphasis is on the strengths and -> >positives of human character: 0 * Each individual has character strengths and knowing stregths can strengthen Character Study Soup Study sou History of Psych Roots of Psycology: • Psychology has been questioned from the early days. [Aristole , Hippocrates, etc.) - Most were religious leaders & phíolosphers were first psychologist _ *Many psycholest dealt with those who studys had abnormal behavoir. The Early Psychologists: - William Wundt (1879) * First laboratory for psychological behavoirs at University of Leipzig - Edward Titcher late 1800s) * Structuralism - Showing pictures to sterm see thinking behavoir by describing it. - William James Caround 1900) * Functionalism-focused on how behavorral v term processes Function and enable an organism to adapt survive, and flourish. (how we use our minds more, important os than it's parts). * Made Foundation for behavoralism *eventually caused structuralism to Fade * Principles of Psychology text - Mary Whiton Calkins * First woman to complete Psychology degree in America * studied under William James St * Harvard refused to give degree tudy sou StudySour Study Soup Study Soup Study Sou - Margaret Floy Washburn * got first degree in hand - Sigmund Freud * posed a major theory - John B. Watson (1913). Kagreed with Sigmund Freud' theories, made ideas more popular - Ivan Pavlov * he did experiments on dogs salivating * Classical conditioning - repeatedly term doing a process in an environment - B.F, Skinner i 1938) * Operant conditioning - a methodl v term con of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments For behavoir *Psychology begins to be more used and researched in 1900s * • Psychology is a science : I - Empirical findings are based on a I experimentation, observation, & measurement of Psychology has a dark history (known for "punishing CO people"): StudVSOU - drilling holes in head to rid demons - bled people out to "cure them" - Shock Thearpy - wrapping people in bed sheets - Lobotomy - cruel, barbaric ways in treatments in early days Studys Social - coltival influences) for ors Study Soup Hútory of Psych[continued]: © Psych's 4 Big Ideas: - Critical thinking examines assumptions, & term uncovers hidden values & agendas, evaluates evidence, & tests conclusions - The Biopsychosocial Approach r term [Biological influences] [Psyological influences - [Behavoir /Mental 14 " Process of * look at all different factors for different treatment * - The Two-Track mind- operating and v term processing on an unconcious and concious level. (Not fully aware all the time) Exo you don't think hat about what is "car keys" when - Exploring Human Strengths ( Newest Aspect) - v term focusing on positive traits that allows people to grow and not FOCUS on the aspects of negatives of life. | Contemporary Psychology: - Psychology's current perspectives * Neouroscience - focus on how the body and ✓ term brain enable emotions, memories, and Sensory experiences. ( Biological School) • Questions to think about: o How are messages transmitted within i the body? How is blood Chemistry linked with moods and motives? .. * Evolutionary focus on how the natural v term selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes; supported by human genetics. I Study Soup Study Sour v term Judy SOUD sterim . Questions to think about : a How does evolution influence behavoir tendencies? * Behavior genetics - Focus on how much! our genes and our environment in Fluence our individual difference so bile • Questions to think about: To what extent are psychological traits such as intelligence, personality sexual orientation, and vulnerability to depression attributable to our o genes? So To our environment? *Psychodynamic-focus on how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts. (Freud presented: Concious; Pre-concious, unconcious) o Questions to think about? O How can someone's personality traits and disorders be explained in terms of sexual and agressive bad drives or as the disguised effects of unfulfilled wishes and childhood tramas? Soup * Behavioral-focus on how we learn Observable responses. • Questions to think about: o How do we learn to fear particular objects or situations? I What is the most effective way to alter our behavoir, say, to lose weight or stop smoking? CTOUS sterm Study soul History of Psych continued] * Cognitive - Focus on how we encode, v term process, store, and retrieve in formation, • Questions to think about: I How do we use information in remembering? B Reasoning v os o solving problems? . * Sociain cultural - Focus on how behavoir v term O and thinking vary across situations - and cultures. • Questions to think about a How are we-as Africans, Asians, Austrialians, or North Americans alike as members of one human family? DAs products of different environmental contexts, how do we clifker? * cognitive Behavioral School - Focus on v term both behavoirs and how the brain works. • Questions to think about a How do patterns of thinking or behavior cause many difficulties. and change the way they act? A clectic - perfered perspective for psychologist * vterm contemporary Psychology is able to intergrate in more than one school with an psychological issue. - Newest Edition: Positive Psychology * Intitated as an objective in 1999 by Dr. Martin Seligman . * emphasis is on the strengths and -> >positives of human character: 0 * Each individual has character strengths and knowing stregths can strengthen Character Study Soup Study sou

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